born Jan. 26, 1714, Paris, Francedied Aug. 21, 1785, ParisFrench sculptor.Born into a family of master carpenters, he began training as a sculptor in Paris at 18 and then studied in Rome (1736–40). Returning to France, he modeled the first version of his famous Mercury Fastening His Sandals, which in a later version won him admission to the Royal Academy (1744). The statue became so popular that in 1748 Louis XV commissioned a life-size marble version to present to Frederick II of Prussia. He was also noted for his portrait sculptures. His Nude Voltaire (1776), an anatomically realistic rendering of the aged philosopher, caused a furor when it was first shown.
* * *▪ French sculptorborn Jan. 26, 1714, Paris, Francedied Aug. 21, 1785, ParisFrench sculptor noted for his stylistically varied and original works.Born into a family of master carpenters, Pigalle began training as a sculptor at age 18 with Robert Le Lorrain and then studied with Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne (Lemoyne, Jean-Baptiste). After failing to win the Prix de Rome in 1735, he studied independently in Rome at his own expense from 1736 to 1739. His most famous work is the statue Mercury Attaching His Wings (1744), a classicizing work conveying qualities of both graceful ease and youthful vitality.Pigalle was made a member of the Royal Academy in 1744; his reception piece was a marble version of the Mercury. The statue became so popular that Louis XV commissioned a life-size marble version of it to present to Frederick II of Prussia in 1749. Pigalle was appointed a professor at the Royal Academy in 1752.Pigalle enjoyed the patronage of Madame de Pompadour from 1750 to 1758. He created several allegorical figure groups for her, such as Love and Friendship (1758), with some statues bearing her features in stylized form. He achieved considerable popularity with several smaller decorative, sentimental studies of children done in a Rococo style, such as the Child with a Bird Cage (1750). He was also an original and intelligent portrait sculptor, as is evident in his forcefully observed bust of Diderot (1777) and in the Nude Voltaire (1776), an anatomically realistic rendering of the aged philosopher that caused a furor when first shown. Pigalle's two most important late commissions were the tomb of the duke d'Harcourt (1769–76) and the grandiose and theatrically effective tomb of the count de Saxe in Strasbourg (1753–76). Stylistically, Pigalle had difficulty combining his naturalistic tendencies with the conventional classicizing formulas of the time, but his sculptures almost always show qualities of daring, inventiveness, and charm.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Pigalle, Jean-Baptiste — (1714 1785) sculptor Known for his lively naturalistic style, Jean Baptiste Pigalle, whose subjects ranged from the intimate to the formal, was born in Paris, where he studied with some of the leading sculptors of the period. He used his… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Pigalle, Jean-Baptiste — (26 ene. 1714, París, Francia–21 ago. 1785, París). Escultor francés nacido en el seno de una familia de maestros carpinteros, comenzó su formación como escultor en París a los 18 años de edad, para luego estudiar en Roma (1736–40). De regreso en … Enciclopedia Universal
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle — Mercurio Nacimiento 27 de febrero de 1714 Fallecim … Wikipedia Español
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle — Jean Baptiste Pigalle, Gemälde von Marie Suzanne Roslin Jean Baptiste Pigalle (* 26. Januar 1714 in Paris; † 20. August 1785 in Paris) war ein französischer … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean-baptiste pigalle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pigalle. Fillette à la pomme (Musée du Louvre) Jean Baptiste Pigalle, né le 26 … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle — (January 26, 1714 ndash; August 28, 1785) was a French sculptor.He was born in Paris, the seventh child of a carpenter. Although he failed to obtain the Grand Prix , after a severe struggle he entered the Académie Royale and became one of the… … Wikipedia
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin — Jean Siméon Chardin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Autoportrait aux besicles 1775 (pastel, 46 × 38 cm) … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Baptiste Chardin — Jean Siméon Chardin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Autoportrait aux besicles 1775 (pastel, 46 × 38 cm) … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin — Jean Siméon Chardin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Autoportrait aux besicles 1775 (pastel, 46 × 38 cm) … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Baptiste — es un nombre masculino francés, que se originó con San Juan Bautista, que puede hacer referencia a: Jean Baptiste Boyer Fonfrède, girondino francés; Jean Baptiste Colbert, ministro del rey de Francia Luis XIV; Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier,… … Wikipedia Español