Peter the Venerable
died Dec. 25, 1156, Cluny, BurgundyFrench abbot of Cluny (from 1122).He joined Bernard de Clairvaux in supporting Pope Innocent II and weakened the position of the antipope Anacletus II. He befriended Peter Abelard and reconciled him to Bernard and the pope. Peter's reforms restored Cluny to its prominence among the religious establishments of Europe. He also wrote numerous letters and treatises against heresy, the Jews, and the Muslims and commissioned the first Latin translation of the Qurān.
* * *▪ French abbotalso called Blessed Peter Of Montboissier, French Pierre Le Veńérable, or Bienheureux Pierre De Montboissierborn c. 1092, , Montboissier, Auvergne, Arlesdied Dec. 25, 1156, Cluny, Burgundyoutstanding French abbot of Cluny whose spiritual, intellectual, and financial reforms restored Cluny to its high place among the religious establishments of Europe.Peter joined Bernard of Clairvaux (Bernard de Clairvaux, Saint) in supporting Pope Innocent II, thereby weakening the position of the antipope, Anacletus II. After Peter Abelard's teachings had been condemned at the Council of Sens (1140), Peter received him at Cluny and reconciled him with Bernard and with the Pope. He also tried to convert the Crusades into nonviolent missionary ventures; ordered the first Latin translation of the Qurʾān so that it might be refuted; and was papal ambassador to Aquitaine, Italy, and England. He wrote hymns and poems in addition to theological tracts and left about 200 letters of considerable historiographical interest. Although Peter has not been canonized, his cult received papal approval in 1862.
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