Persian Wars

(492–449 BC) Series of wars between Greek states and Persia, particularly two invasions of Greece by Persia (490, 480–479).

When Darius I came to power in Persia in 522, the Ionian Greek city-states in Anatolia were under Persian control. They rose up unsuccessfully in the Ionian revolt (499–494). The support lent by Athens provoked Darius to invade Greece (492). His fleet was destroyed in a storm. In 490 he assembled a huge army on a plain near Athens; his devastating defeat at the Battle of Marathon sent him back to Persia. In 480 the Persians under Xerxes I again invaded Greece, seeking to avenge the defeat. This time all Greece fought together, with Sparta in charge of the army and Athens of the navy. A band of Spartans under Leonidas was overcome at the Battle of Thermopylae, allowing the Persian army to reach Athens, which they sacked (480). When the Persian navy was soundly defeated at the Battle of Salamis, Xerxes withdrew it to Persia. His army was defeated at the Battle of Plataea in 479 and driven from Greece, and the navy met a similar fate at Mycale on the Anatolian coast. Sporadic fighting went on for 30 more years, during which Athens formed the Delian League to free the Ionians. The Peace of Callias (449) ended the hostilities.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Persian Wars — Éditeur Cryo Interactive Développeur Cryo Interactive Concepteur Florian Dhesse Nicolas Favre Alexis Lang Patrick Receveur[1] Musique Rober …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PERSIAN WARS —    wars conducted by Persia in the three expeditions against Greece, first in 490 B.C. under Darius, and defeated by the Athenians under Miltiades at Marathon; the second, 480 B.C., under Xerxes, opposed by Leonidas and his 300 Spartans at… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Persian Wars — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Roman–Persian Wars — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Roman ndash;Persian Wars partof= date=92 BC ndash; 627 AD place=Mesopotamia, Transcaucasus, Atropatene, Asia Minor, Syria, Palestine, Egypt result=Status quo ante bellum territory=Roman acquisition of upper… …   Wikipedia

  • Greco–Persian Wars — For other Persian wars, see Roman Persian Wars, Arab Persian Wars, Persian Gulf Wars, and Military history of Iran. ] Some place the upper limit at 250,000 total land forces. Others place even these numbers as too high.The size of the Persian… …   Wikipedia

  • Greco-Persian Wars — ▪ 492–449 BC also called  Persian Wars        (492–449 BC), a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century. The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against mainland Greece …   Universalium

  • Russo-Persian Wars — The Russo Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and Persia in the 18th and 19th centuries, the most important of which were:*Russo Persian War (1722 1723) *Russo Persian War (1796) *Russo Persian War (1804 1813)… …   Wikipedia

  • Ottoman–Persian Wars — Below is the list of wars between the Ottoman Empire and Persia in the 16th–19th centuries. The Ottomans consolidated their control of what is today Turkey in the 15th century, and gradually came into conflict with the emerging Persian state, led …   Wikipedia

  • Wars of Alexander the Great — Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. From Alexander Mosaic of Pompeii, Naples, Naples National Archaeol …   Wikipedia

  • Persian Empire — The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. The most widespread entity considered to have been a Persian Empire… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.