Perry, Oliver Hazard
- born Aug. 20, 1785, South Kingston, R.I., U.S.died Aug. 23, 1819, at seaU.S. naval officer.The older brother of Matthew Perry, he entered the navy in 1799 and served in the West Indies and the Mediterranean. In 1813 he was ordered to Erie, Pa., to assemble a naval squadron to challenge British control of the Great Lakes in the War of 1812. With 10 small ships, he engaged six British warships in Lake Erie (Sept. 10, 1813). After his flagship was disabled, he was rowed to the Niagara, from which he won the battle by sailing directly into the British line, firing broadside. In reporting the British surrender he wrote, "We have met the enemy and they are ours."
* * *▪ United States naval officerborn Aug. 20, 1785, South Kingston, R.I., U.S.died Aug. 23, 1819, at seaU.S. naval officer who became a national hero when he defeated a British squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie (Lake Erie, Battle of) in the War of 1812.Appointed a midshipman at 14, Perry served in both the West Indies and the Mediterranean until February 1813, when he was sent to Erie, Pa., to complete the building of a U.S. squadron to challenge British control of the Great Lakes.By early autumn he had assembled a fleet of 10 small vessels and was ready to engage the enemy. When the battle was joined on September 10, Perry's fleet was greatly superior in short-range firepower but only slightly superior at long range; a light wind prevented him from closing in quickly on the six British warships commanded by R.H. Barclay. When Perry's flagship, the “Lawrence,” was disabled, he transferred to the “Niagara,” winning the battle within the next 15 minutes by sailing directly into the British line, firing broadside. In his official report of the British surrender he said, “We have met the enemy and they are ours.”Perry's successful action at Lake Erie helped ensure U.S. control of the Northwest; it also raised him to a position of national eminence and earned him promotion to the rank of captain. He commanded the “Java” in the Mediterranean (1816–17) and a small U.S. fleet sent to the South Atlantic (1819) to bring under control certain vessels that were preying on American shipping out of Buenos Aires and Venezuela. On the return trip he contracted yellow fever and died.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Perry,Oliver Hazard — Perry, Oliver Hazard. 1785 1819. American naval officer who led the fleet that defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie (1813) during the War of 1812. * * * … Universalium
Perry, Oliver Hazard — (20 ago. 1785, South Kingston, R.I., EE.UU.–23 ago. 1819, en alta mar). Oficial de la armada estadounidense. Hermano mayor de Matthew Perry, entró a la marina en 1799 y prestó servicios en las Antillas y en el Mediterráneo. En 1813 recibió… … Enciclopedia Universal
Oliver Hazard Perry — This article is about the naval officer. For the U.S. Navy frigate, see Oliver Hazard Perry class frigate. Oliver Hazard Perry … Wikipedia
Oliver Hazard Perry — (1785 1819) Oliver Hazard Perry (* 23. August 1785 in South Kingstown, Rhode Island, USA; † 23. August 1819 auf See bei Port of Spain, Trinidad) war ein amerikanischer Marineoffizier, der durch den Krieg von 1812 mit Großbritannien bekannt wurde … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oliver Hazard Perry — Comodoro Oliver H. Perry Comodoro Lealtad Marina de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton — (* 4. August 1823 in Salisbury, Wayne County, Indiana; † 1. November 1877 in Indianapolis, Indiana) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und zwischen 1861 und 18 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oliver Hazard Perry Morton — Oliver P. Morton entre 1870 et 1880. Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton (4 août 1823 1er novembre 1887), connu sous le nom de Oliver P. Morton, était un homme politique républicain de l Indiana. Il fut le 14e … Wikipédia en Français
Oliver Hazard Perry class frigate — USS Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG 7) underway in the Great Lakes Class overview Name: Oliver Hazard Perry Builders … Wikipedia
Oliver-Hazard-Perry-Klasse — USS Simpson auf hoher See Übersicht Typ Lenkwaffenfregatte Namensgeber Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry Einheiten 71 gebaut (siehe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oliver Hazard Perry Morton — Infobox Politician name =Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton birth date= August 4, 1823 birth place= Salisbury, Indiana, USA death date= November 1, 1877 death place= Indianapolis, Indiana, USA party = Republican spouse=Lucinda Burbank Morton order … Wikipedia