Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista
born Jan. 4, 1710, Jesi, Italydied March 16, 1736, PozzuoliItalian composer.In 1732 he was appointed chapel master to a Neapolitan prince. His comic opera Lo frate 'nnamorato (1732) was followed in 1733 by an opera seria, which had a comic intermezzo that became his best-known work, La serva padrona. His health failing, he moved into a Franciscan monastery (1736), where he wrote his famous Stabat Mater and Salve Regina before dying at age 26. Traveling opera troupes took up La serva padrona, and in 1752 the success of a Paris production set off the controversy known as the guerre des bouffons ("war of the buffoons"), with musical forgers vying to produce spurious works of Pergolesi, leaving some uncertainty about the authenticity of works attributed to him.
* * *▪ Italian composerborn Jan. 4, 1710, Jesi, Italydied March 16, 1736, PozzuoliItalian composer whose intermezzo La serva padrona (“The Maid Turned Mistress”) was one of the most celebrated stage works of the 18th century.His family name was Draghi, but, having moved to Jesi from Pergola, the family was called Pergolesi, meaning “of Pergola.” Sometime after 1720 he attended the Conservatorio dei Poveri at Naples, where he earned a high reputation as a violinist. In 1732 he was appointed maestro di cappella to the prince of Stigliano at Naples and produced a Neapolitan opera buffa, Lo frate 'nnammorato, and a mass (probably his Mass in D). Both were well received. In 1733 his opera seria Il prigionier superbo was produced. But it was the comic intermezzo La serva padrona, inserted between the acts of Il prigionier superbo, that achieved success. In 1734 Pergolesi was appointed deputy maestro di cappella of Naples, and in May he went to Rome to direct the performance of his Mass in F. His subsequent operas met with only occasional success. His health began to fail, and in 1736 he left Naples for the Franciscan monastery at Pozzuoli, near Naples, where he finished his last work, the celebrated Stabat Mater. He died in extreme poverty at age 26 and was buried at the cathedral at Pozzuoli.When Pergolesi died, his fame had scarcely spread beyond Rome and Naples, but later in the century it grew enormously. The success of La serva padrona was largely posthumous, and it reached its peak after its performance in Paris in 1752. There it led to la guerre des bouffons (“the war of the buffoons”), with musical forgers vying to produce spurious works of Pergolesi, leaving some uncertainty about the authenticity of works attributed to him. Some of the works credited to Pergolesi by Igor Stravinsky in arrangements he made for his ballet Pulcinella (1920) are among those of doubtful authenticity.Pergolesi's serious style is best illustrated in his Stabat Mater and in his masses, which demonstrate his ability to handle large choral and instrumental forces. His gift of comic characterization is best shown in the classic La serva padrona.
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Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista — • Notes his torn allegiances between sacred and secular music Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista — VER Pergolese, Giovanni Battista * * * (4 ene. 1710, Iesi, Italia–16 mar. 1736, Pozzuoli). Compositor italiano. En 1732 fue nombrado maestro de capilla de un príncipe napolitano. A su ópera cómica Lo frate nnamorato (1732) le siguió en 1733 una… … Enciclopedia Universal
Pergolesi,Giovanni Battista — Per·go·le·si (pĕr gə lāʹzē, gō lĕʹ ), Giovanni Battista. 1710 1736. Italian composer who wrote the comic opera The Maid as Mistress (1733). * * * … Universalium
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista — (4 January 1710, Jesi near Ancona, Italy – 16 March 1736, Pozzuoli near Naples) Opera composer of meteoric fame who mixed contemporary Italian secular styles with elements of stile antico in two masses, eight psalms and canticles, and the… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi — (* 4. Januar 1710 in Jesi, Marche; † 16. März 1736 in Pozzuoli bei Neapel; auch Pergolese geschrieben) war ein italienischer Komponist … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Giovanni Battista Pergolesi — (January 4, 1710 ndash; 16 or March 17, 1736) was an Italian composer, violinist and organist.BiographyBorn at Jesi, Pergolesi [The family name was Draghi; they had come from Pergola, Marche, to settle in Jesi.] studied music there under a local… … Wikipedia
Giovanni Battista Pergolese — Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Jean Baptiste Pergolèse Naissance 4 janvier 1710 Jesi … Wikipédia en Français
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi — Giovanni Battista Pergolesi † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Born at Naples, 3 Jan., 1710; d. 16 March, 1736, at Pozzuoli, near Naples. This young man of delicate and poetic musical gifts might have done great… … Catholic encyclopedia
Giovanni Battista — Giovanni ist ein Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vornamen 2.2 Nachnamen 2.3 Pseudonym … Deutsch Wikipedia