Peacock, Thomas Love

born Oct. 18, 1785, Weymouth, Dorset, Eng.
died Jan. 23, 1866, Lower Halliford, Middlesex

English novelist and poet.

For most of his life Peacock worked for the East India Co. He was a close friend of Percy B. Shelley, who greatly inspired his writing. His best verse is interspersed in his novels, which are dominated by the conversations of their characters and satirize the intellectual currents of the day. His best-known work, Nightmare Abbey (1818), satirizes romantic melancholy and includes characters based on Shelley, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Lord Byron.

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▪ English author

born Oct. 18, 1785, Weymouth, Dorset, Eng.
died Jan. 23, 1866, Lower Halliford, Middlesex
 English author who satirized the intellectual tendencies of his day in novels in which conversation predominates over character or plot. His best verse is interspersed in his novels.

      Peacock met Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1812, and the two became such close friends that Shelley made Peacock executor of his will. Peacock spent several months near the Shelleys at Great Marlow in 1817, a period of great importance to his development as a writer. The ideas that lie behind many of the witty dialogues in his books probably found their origin in the conversation of Shelley and his friends. Peacock's essay The Four Ages of Poetry (1820) provoked Shelley's famous Defence of Poetry (written 1821, published 1840).

      Peacock considered his novels to be “comic romances.” Headlong Hall (1816), the first of his seven novels, already sets the pattern of all of them: characters seated at table, eating and drinking, and embarking on learned and philosophical discussions in which many common opinions of the day are criticized.

      In his best-known work, Nightmare Abbey (1818), romantic melancholy is satirized, with the characters Scythrop drawn from Shelley, Mr. Flosky from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Mr. Cypress from Lord Byron.

      Peacock worked most of his life for the East India Company. He was an able administrator, and in 1836 he succeeded James Mill as chief examiner, retiring on a pension in 1856.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Peacock,Thomas Love — Pea·cock (pēʹkŏk ), Thomas Love. 1785 1866. British writer noted for his satirical novels, including Nightmare Abbey (1818). * * * …   Universalium

  • PEACOCK, THOMAS LOVE —    English novelist, born at Weymouth; was pretty much a self taught scholar, and no mean one, as his literary activity over half a century abundantly showed; held a post in the India House, his predecessor being James Mill and his successor John …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Peacock, Thomas Love — (1785 1866)    Novelist, b. at Weymouth, the only child of a London merchant, was in boyhood at various schools, but from the age of 13 self educated. Nevertheless, he became a really learned scholar. He was for long in the India Office, where he …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Peacock, Thomas Love — (1785 1866)    Poet, novelist, and essayist, he was born at Weymouth, Dorset, and at sixteen he moved with his widowed mother to work in London, where he spent his spare time studying the classics and languages. Through his publisher he developed …   British and Irish poets

  • Thomas Love Peacock — Thomas Love Peacock. Thomas Love Peacock (18 de octubre de 1785 23 de enero de 1866) fue un escritor inglés. Peacock era un amigo cercano de Percy Bysshe Shelley y ambos influenciaron mutuamente sus trabajos. Escribió novelas satíricas, t …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Love Peacock — [Thomas Love Peacock] (1785–1866) an English writer of novels and poetry. He used ↑satire to attack the attitudes of well known people of his time. For example, in Nightmare Abbey (1818) he makes fun of Coleridge …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thomas Love Peacock — (October 18, 1785 January 23, 1866) was an English satirist and author.Peacock was a close friend of Percy Bysshe Shelley and they influenced each other s work. He wrote satirical novels, each with the same basic setting mdash; characters at a… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Love Peacock — Henry Love Peacock (Gemälde von Henry Wallis) Thomas Love Peacock (* 18. Oktober 1785 in Weymouth, Dorset, England; † 23. Januar 1866 in Lower Halliford, Middlesex, England) war ein britischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Love Peacock — T. L. Peacock par Henry Wallis Thomas Love Peacock (18 octobre 1785 23 janvier 1866) est un homme de lettres britannique surtout connu pour ses talents satiriques. L amitié entre Peacock et Percy Bysshe Shelley ne fut pas sans influence sur leurs …   Wikipédia en Français

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