Parsons, Sir Charles Algernon

born June 13, 1854, London, Eng.
died Feb. 11, 1931, Kingston Harbour, Jam.

British mechanical engineer.

He began work at the Armstrong engineering works in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1877 and formed his own company to manufacture turbines and other heavy machinery in 1889. He developed the multiple-stage turbine in 1884 and had introduced it in power plants to generate electricity by 1891. Modern steam and nuclear power plants still use turbines of this type to turn their generators. He demonstrated his marine turbine in Turbinia, a vessel that attained a speed of over 34 knots in 1897; Parsons turbines made high-speed ocean liners possible.

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▪ British engineer
born June 13, 1854, London
died Feb. 11, 1931, Kingston, Jamaica

      British engineer whose invention of a multi-stage steam turbine revolutionized marine propulsion.

      Parsons entered the Armstrong engineering works at Newcastle upon Tyne in 1877. In 1889, after working for several other companies, he established his own works at Newcastle for the manufacture of steam turbines (turbine), dynamos, and other electrical apparatus.

      The turbine Parsons invented in 1884 utilized several stages in series; in each stage the expansion of the steam was restricted to the extent that allowed the greatest extraction of kinetic energy without causing the turbine blades to overspeed. Parsons' turbine was fitted with a condenser in 1891 for use in electric generating stations, and in 1897 it was successfully applied to marine propulsion in the “Turbinia,” a ship that attained a speed of 34 1/2 knots, extraordinary for the time. The turbine was soon used by warships and other steamers.

      In addition to the chairmanship of C.A. Parsons and Company, Parsons held directorial positions on the boards of several other electrical supply and engineering companies. He was made a fellow of the Royal Society (1898), was awarded the Royal Society's Rumford Medal (1902), and was president of the Institute of Marine Engineers (1905–06) and of the British Association (1919–20). He was knighted in 1911 and given the Order of Merit in 1927.

      In addition to his turbine, Parsons invented a mechanical reducing gear, which, when placed between the turbine and a screw propeller, greatly improved the efficiency of both. He also invented nonskid automobile chains. A collection of his scientific papers and addresses was published in 1934.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parsons, Sir Charles Algernon — SUBJECT AREA: Electricity, Ports and shipping [br] b. 13 June 1854 London, England d. 11 February 1931 on board Duchess of Richmond, Kingston, Jamaica [br] English eingineer, inventor of the steam turbine and developer of the high speed electric… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Parsons, sir Charles Algernon — ► (1854 1931) Ingeniero británico. Inventó la turbina de vapor de su nombre. * * * (13 jun. 1854, Londres, Inglaterra–11 feb. 1931, Kingston, Jamaica). Ingeniero mecánico británico. Comenzó trabajando en los talleres de ingeniería Armstrong, en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Algernon Parsons — Born 13 June 1854 London, England, United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Algernon Parsons — Charles Parsons Nacimiento 13 de junio de 1854 Londres, Inglaterra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Algernon Parsons — Sir Charles Parsons Charles Algernon Parsons OM (* 13. Juni 1854 in London; † 11. Februar 1931 an Bord der Duchess of Richmond im Kingston Harbour, Jamaika) war ein britischer Maschinenbauer. Parsons war der jüngste von sechs Söhnen des 3. Earl… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Algernon Parsons — Charles Algernon Parsons …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parsons — Parsons, Talcott Parsons, sir Charles Algernon * * * (as used in expressions) Burkitt, Denis P(arsons) Parsons, Elsie Clews Parsons, Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, Talcott Rosse, William Parsons, 3 conde de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

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