born 1509, St. Avit, Francedied 1590, ParisFrench potter and writer.Known for his decorated rustic ware, a type of earthenware covered with coloured lead glazes, he was appointed "inventor of rustic pottery to the king and the queen mother" in 1565. His public lectures on natural history, published in 1580, revealed him to be a writer and scientist and a pioneer of the scientific method. A Huguenot, he was imprisoned in 1588 in the Bastille, where he died.
* * *▪ French potter and scientistborn 1509, St. Avit, near Lacapelle Biron, Francedied 1590, ParisFrench Huguenot potter and writer, particularly associated with decorated rustic ware, a type of earthenware covered with coloured lead glazes sometimes mistakenly called faience (tin-glazed earthenware).Palissy began as a painter of glass, but, after journeys in the south and in the Ardennes brought him into contact with humanists, he settled as a surveyor and potter in Saintes, near La Rochelle. Persecuted as a Protestant, he was imprisoned until the constable of Montmorency employed him in the decoration of the Château d'Ecouen. His appointment, about 1565, as “inventor of rustic pottery to the king and the queen mother” enabled him to work in Paris. In 1570, helped by his sons, he built a pottery grotto for Catherine de Médicis in the garden of the Tuileries.From 1575, in Paris, Palissy gave public lectures on natural history, which, published as Discours admirables (1580; Admirable Discourses), became extremely popular, revealing him as a writer and scientist, a creator of modern agronomy, and a pioneer of the experimental method, with scientific views generally more advanced than those of his contemporaries. After seeing a white glazed cup, probably Chinese porcelain, he determined to discover the secrets of its manufacture. His early researches are described in De l'art de la terre.As the struggle against Protestants grew, Palissy took refuge in the homes of the Princess of Sedan and Robert de la Marck in eastern France, returning to Paris in 1575. Imprisoned in the Conciergerie for religious reasons in 1588, he was transferred to the Bastille, where he died.Palissy's pottery generally consists of oval or circular dishes, ewers, and sauceboats, decorated with plants and animals and allegorical and mythological scenes. Some of his pottery had marbled reverse surfaces, and some pieces were reproductions of objects by such leading French metalworkers of the 16th century as François Briot.Palissy probably did not use the potter's wheel. His best-known pieces were apparently pressed into a mold and finished by modeling or the application of ornament molded in relief. His authentic productions bear no signature or mark. His molds were used later during the 17th century at Avon near Fontainebleau and at Manerbe, Calvados, where a few lead-glazed earthenware statuettes were made. Between 1840 and 1870 copies were executed by Jean-Charles Avisseau of Tours and by Georges Pull of Paris.
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PALISSY, Bernard — (c. 1510 1590) As a ceramic artist, Bernard Palissy s technical experimentation pushed the medium beyond its traditional practice. His unique inventions gained him patronage at the highest level, and his style was widely imitated. An autodidact… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Palissy, Bernard — (ca. 1510 1589 or 1590) ceramicist, scholar Born in Lacapelle Biron, near Agen, Bernard Palissy, who would become known for his ceramic pieces with mythological or rustic images (insects, reptiles) in low relief, traveled before settling… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Palissy, Bernard — ► (1510 90) Artista, físico, naturalista y escritor francés. Fue el creador de la cerámica en Francia y un famoso esmaltador. * * * (1509, St. Avit, Francia–1590, París). Alfarero y escritor francés. Conocido por su cerámica rústica decorada, un… … Enciclopedia Universal
PALISSY, BERNARD — the great French potter and inventor of a new process in the potter s art, born in Périgord, of humble parentage; celebrated for his fine earthenware vases ornamented with figures artistically modelled, but above all for his untiring zeal and… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Palissy — Palissy, Bernard … Enciclopedia Universal
Bernard Palissy — Bernard Palissy, né au lieu dit Saint Avit près de Lacapelle Biron (Lot et Garonne) vers 1510 et mort à Paris en 1589 ou 1590, est un potier, émailleur, peintre, artisan verrier, écrivain et … Wikipédia en Français
Palissy — Bernard Palissy Tonplastik Bernard Palissy (* 1510 in Lacapelle Biron bei Agen; † 1589 in der Bastille von … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bernard Palissy — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bernard Palissy. Bernard Palissy (nacido en 1510 en Lacapelle Biron y muerto en 1589 en la Bastilla, París) fue un célebre ceramista francés. Aunque careció de una instrucción formal, tuvo muchas inquietudes y … Wikipedia Español
PALISSY (B.) — PALISSY BERNARD (1510 env. 1590) Céramiste et «philosophe naturel» français. Le caractère romanesque de Bernard Palissy, suscité en partie par sa vie aventureuse et par ses écrits, fut amplifié par le mouvement romantique et laïc du XIXe siècle… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Palissy — Palissy, Bernard, Glasmaler und Kunsttöpfer, geb. um (1499) 1510 in der franz. Provinz Saintonge, gest. 1589, war in Saintes tätig und wurde als Hugenotte durch den Herzog von Montmorency, später durch Katharina von Medici, die ihm ein Patent als … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon