Oñate, Juan de
born 1550?, New Spaindied 1630Spanish conquistador.The son of wealthy parents in Zacatecas, New Spain, he married a granddaughter of Hernán Cortés. He received permission to govern the colony of New Mexico, which he founded in 1598. He sent exploring parties throughout the American Southwest to search for gold and led an expedition into present-day Kansas in 1601. Still searching for gold, he explored the region west to the Colorado River and south to the Gulf of California (1604). He resigned in 1607. Tried for his brutal treatment of Indians and settlers while governor, he was found guilty and exiled from the colony in 1614.
* * *▪ Spanish conquistadorborn 1550?, New Spaindied 1630conquistador who established the colony of New Mexico for Spain. During his despotic governorship, he vainly sought the mythical riches of North America and succeeded instead in unlocking the geographical secrets of what is now the southwestern United States.The son of wealthy parents in Zacatecas, New Spain, Oñate gained added status when he married a granddaughter of Hernán Cortés. His request to conquer and govern New Mexico was approved in 1595, but it was not until three years later (January 1598) that his expedition of 400 settlers finally began its northern journey. They crossed the Rio Grande at El Paso in July 1598, and Oñate established headquarters at that river's confluence with the Chama at San Juan. From there he sent out small parties in all directions to search for treasure—which did not exist. Disillusioned, many settlers wanted to return to New Spain, but Oñate refused to let them go and executed several of the leading malcontents. His treatment of the Indians was even more brutal.In June 1601 Oñate set out to find the legendary treasure of Quivira (in what is now central Kansas) but returned in November empty-handed and found, moreover, that most of his colony had departed during his absence. In a last attempt to recover his prestige, he led (1604) 30 soldiers on an expedition west to the Colorado River and south to the Gulf of California, but he still found no gold. He resigned in 1607 and later stood trial for his crimes while governor. Found guilty of cruelty, immorality, and false reporting, he was exiled from the colony, fined, and deprived of his titles. Appeals brought a reversal of his sentence (1624) but not restoration to office.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Oñate,Juan de — O·ña·te (ō nyäʹtĕ), Juan de. 1550? 1630?. Spanish explorer and conquistador. He claimed New Mexico for Spain in 1598 and served as its governor until 1607. * * * … Universalium
Oñate, Juan de — (¿1550?, Nueva España–1630). Conquistador español. Era hijo de padres acaudalados establecidos en Zacatecas, Nueva España, y se casó con una nieta de Hernán Cortés. Obtuvo permiso para gobernar la colonia de Nuevo México que fundó en 1598. Envió… … Enciclopedia Universal
Juan de Oñate — Don Juan de Oñate y Salazar (Pánuco, Zacatecas (México), 1550 Guadalcanal, provincia de Sevilla, España, 3 de junio de 1626) fue un explorador y colonizador novohispano, recordado por haber sido gobernador colonial de la provincia de Nuevo México … Wikipedia Español
Juan de Oñate — Don Juan de Oñate y Salazar (1550 – 1626) was a Spanish explorer, colonial governor of the New Spain province of New Mexico, and founder of various settlements in the present day Southwest of the United States. Contents 1 Biography 1.1 Acoma War… … Wikipedia
Juan — ► sustantivo masculino 1 coloquial En la expresión don juan, se usa para designar al hombre audaz y mujeriego. SINÓNIMO tenorio 2 coloquial Se utiliza para señalar a un hombre de poco carácter, que se deja conducir por otros, especialmente, por… … Enciclopedia Universal
Juan — /wahn/; Sp. /hwahn/, n. a male given name, Spanish form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Bosch Gaviño Juan Cabrillo Juan Rodríguez Don Juan Finlay Carlos Juan Gómez Juan Vicente Gris Juan Jiménez Juan Ramón Juan… … Universalium
Juan De Oñate — Statue équestre de Juan de Oñate. Sculpture de John Sherrill Houser, devant El Paso International Airport. Don Juan de Oñate y Salazar (1552 – 1626) était un explorateur espagnol, gouverneur de la province du Nouveau Mexique en Nouvelle Espagne.… … Wikipédia en Français
Oñate — is an older spelling of Oñati, a town in Gipuzkoa, Spain It is also a Basque surname and may refer to: Juan de Oñate, an explorer and early governor of the New Spain province of New Mexico Cristóbal de Oñate, a conquistador and father of Juan… … Wikipedia
Juan Pérez de Donis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Juan Pérez de Donis (Cangas de Onís, 1545 1598) Militar y funcionario español del siglo XVI. Biografía Hijo de Francisco Pérez Carreño. En una ficha suya elaborada en 1597 en México, se dice que era de mediano cuerpo … Wikipedia Español
Oñate — ist der spanische Name der Stadt Oñati im Baskenland der Nachname von: Cristóbal de Oñate (1504–1567), spanischer Conquistador Juan de Oñate (1552–1626), spanischer Conquistador im heutigen Mexiko und im heutigen Südwesten der Vereinigten… … Deutsch Wikipedia