Olaf II Haraldsson
or Saint Olafborn с 995died July 29, 1030, Stiklestad, Nor.; feast day July 29King of Norway (1016–28).A Viking warrior, he fought against the English in 1009–11 but assisted Ethelred II against the Danes in 1013. He returned to Norway after his conversion to Christianity and gained control over the country by 1016. Olaf sent missionaries throughout his realm, and his religious code (1024) established the Church of Norway. He was driven out of Norway by Canute the Great (1028) and was killed trying to reconquer the country two years later. He became a national hero and the patron saint of Norway.
* * *▪ king of Norwayalso called Saint Olaf, Norwegian Hellig-Olavborn c. 995died July 29, 1030, Stiklestad, Norway; feast day July 29the first effective king of all Norway and the country's patron saint, who achieved a 12-year respite from Danish domination and extensively increased the acceptance of Christianity. His religious code of 1024 is considered to represent Norway's first national legislation.The son of the lord Harald Grenske and a descendant of the Norwegian ruler Harald I Fairhair, Olaf was reared as a pagan and became a Viking warrior in the Baltic region. He fought against the English in 1009–11 but assisted the English ruler Ethelred (Aethelred) II the Unready against the Danes in 1013. When the Danish king Sweyn (Svein) I gained the advantage in England, Olaf went to Spain and also to France, where he was baptized at Rouen (1013).Returning to Norway in 1015, Olaf conquered territory that had previously been held by Denmark, Sweden, and the Norwegian earl Haakon of Lade; by 1016 he had consolidated his rule in all Norway. In the succeeding 12 years he built his base of support among the aristocracy in the interior and pressed relentlessly for the acceptance of Christianity, using missionaries he brought from England. The Church of Norway may be dated from 1024, when Olaf and his ecclesiastical adviser, Bishop Grimkell, presented a religious code at Moster.Olaf resolved his conflict with the Swedish king Olaf Skötkonung by 1019 and joined forces with the king's son Anund Jakob when Canute (Canute (I)), king of England and Denmark, threatened to conquer Norway. Canute's control of the trade routes to the west of Norway, and the prospect of his ruling more indirectly than Olaf had done, won the support of leading Norwegian chieftains. Canute forced Olaf to flee to Russia (1028), where the Norwegian ruler took refuge with his Swedish wife's relatives.Olaf attempted to reconquer Norway in 1030 with help from Anund Jakob but was defeated by a superior Norwegian peasant and Danish army in the Battle of Stiklestad (1030), one of the most celebrated battles in ancient Norse history. Olaf's popularity, his church work, and the aura of legend that surrounded his death, which was supposedly accompanied by miracles, led to his canonization in 1031. His popularity spread rapidly; churches and shrines were constructed in his honour in England, Sweden, and Rome. He was the last Western saint accepted by the Eastern Orthodox church.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Olaf III Haraldsson — ▪ king of Norway byname Olaf the Quiet , Norwegian Olav Kyrre died 1093, Norway king of Norway (1066–93) who guided the nation through one of its most prosperous periods, maintaining an extended peace rare in medieval Norwegian history.… … Universalium
Olaf II Haraldsson — u Olaf el Santo o san Olaf ( 995–29 jul. 1030, Stiklestad, Noruega; festividad: 29 de julio). Rey de Noruega (1016–28) y guerrero vikingo; combatió contra los ingleses en 1009–11, pero ayudó a Etelred II contra los daneses en 1013. Regresó a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Olaf III of Norway — Olaf III redirects here. It can also refer to Olaf III Guthfrithson of Dublin and to Olof III Skötkonung of Sweden. Also, sometimes Olaf II of Denmark is numbered as III when counting a previous anti king. Olaf Kyrre King of Norway Reign… … Wikipedia
Olaf — Olaf1 [ō′ləf, ō′läf] n. 〚ON Olafr, Aleifr < * anulaibar, lit., descendant of the (original) ancestor < * anu (< IE * an , ancestor > L anus, old woman) + laibar (> Leifr, LEIF)〛 a masculine name: also … Universalium
Olaf II of Norway — St. Olaf redirects here. For other uses, see St. Olaf (disambiguation). Saint Olaf of Norway A medieval representation of Saint Olaf. King and Martyr Born 995 … Wikipedia
Olaf — altOlaf u Olav/alt (Olav) ► Nombre de varios reyes de noruega. ► Olaf I, Tryggvessön (964? 1000) Rey de Noruega en 995 1000. Introdujo el cristianismo en Noruega. ► Olaf II, Haraldssön (995? 1030) Rey de Noruega en 1015 28. Se distinguió por sus… … Enciclopedia Universal
Olaf — biographical name name of 5 kings of Norway: especially Olaf I Tryggvason circa 964 1000 (reigned 995 1000); Olaf II Haraldsson Saint Olaf 995? 1030 (reigned 1016 28); Olaf V 1903 1991 (reigned 1957 91) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Olaf I of Norway — Olaf Tryggvason King of Norway Reign 995–1000 Born 960s … Wikipedia
Olaf Haraldsson Geirstadalf — Olaf Haraldsson (died in 934), was a reputed son of King Harald Fairhair of Norway with Svanhild Øysteinsdotter, daughter of Øystein Jarl. The saga Heimskringla, written in Iceland in the thirteenth century by the poet and historian Snorri… … Wikipedia
Olaf Haraldsson Geirstadalf — Olaf Haraldsson Geirstadalf, también conocido como Brolaf (m. 934), príncipe de Noruega en el siglo X, hijo de Harald I y Svanhild Eysteinsdatter, hija de un jarl llamado Øystein.  La saga Heimskringla, escrita en Islandia hacia el siglo… … Wikipedia Español