Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob
born Nov. 14, 1779, Vesterbro, Den.died Jan. 20, 1850, CopenhagenDanish poet and dramatist, considered the national poet of Denmark.He became the leader of Romanticism in Danish literature with his poem The Golden Horns (1802). Important collections of his poetry, with several lyrical dramas, appeared in 1802 and 1805. His plays drawing on Nordic history and mythology include Earl Haakon the Great (1807). His most significant later work is the poetic epic The Gods of the North (1819), a kind of modern Edda.
* * *▪ Danish authorborn November 14, 1779, Vesterbro, Denmarkdied January 20, 1850, Copenhagenpoet and dramatist who was a leader of the Romantic movement (Romanticism) in Denmark and traditionally has been considered the great Danish national poet.Oehlenschläger's father was organist and then steward at Frederiksberg castle near Copenhagen. In his youth Oehlenschläger attended a school directed by the poet Edvard Storm, a Norwegian known for patriotic poetry and drinking songs. After a short career as an actor, Oehlenschläger entered the University of Copenhagen to study law, but turned to writing. He wrote his famous poem "Guldhornene" (1802; "The Golden Horns" ), about the loss of two golden horns symbolizing a union of past and present, after his meeting with the Norwegian scientist and philosopher Henrik Steffens (Steffens, Henrik), who was eager to spread the doctrine of German Romanticism in Denmark. The ideals of Steffens gave Oehlenschläger the courage to break with 18th-century literary traditions, and "Guldhornene" marks this turning point in Danish literature. Oehlenschläger's first volume of poetry, Digte (1803; “Poems”), contained not only "Guldhornene" but also Sanct Hansaften-spil (“A Midsummer Night's Play”); this latter work is a lyrical drama combining literary satire with poetic discourses on love and nature. His Poetiske skrifter (1805; “Poetic Writings”) contains two long cycles of lyric poems and Aladdin, a poetic drama on the writer's own life, with the lamp of the story symbolizing intuitive poetic genius. Oehlenschläger was by now recognized as an important Romantic poet and an able practitioner of what Friedrich Schlegel termed Universalpoesie, a universal, historical, comparative approach to literature. In 1805 he received a government grant to study and travel in Germany and other countries, where he visited Goethe (Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von) and the leaders of the Romantic movement.In the historical plays published in Nordiske Digte (1807; “Nordic Poems”), Oehlenschläger broke somewhat with the Romantic school and turned to Nordic history and mythology for his materials. In this collection are the historical tragedy Hakon Jarl hin Rige (“Earl Haakon the Great”), based on that Danish national hero, and Baldur hin Gode (“Baldur the Good”), based on Norse mythology.Oehlenschläger returned to Copenhagen in 1809 and became a professor of aesthetics at the university there in 1810. He subsequently wrote many other plays, but these are generally thought to be inferior to his earlier plays. The exception is his one-act tragedy Yrsa, which together with two cycles of poems forms one of his most outstanding works, Helge (1814). Helge came to inspire both Swedish and Finnish national epic poems, by Esaias Tegnér (Frithiofs saga, 1825) and Johan Ludvig Runeberg (Kung Fjalar, 1844), respectively. His lyric poetry has in general outlived his dramatic verse. Oehlenschläger's other significant later work is the poetic epic Nordens guder (1819; The Gods of the North), which is a sort of modern Edda.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob — ► (1779 1850) Escritor danés. Autor de Poemas (1803), con la famosa composición Los cuernos de oro y Escritos poéticos (1805). * * * (14 nov. 1779, Vesterbro, Dinamarca–20 ene. 1850, Copenhague). Poeta y dramaturgo danés, considerado el poeta… … Enciclopedia Universal
OEHLENSCHLÄGER, ADAM GOTTLOB — great Danish poet, born at Copenhagen; his poems first brought him into notice and secured him a travelling pension, which he made use of to form acquaintanceship with such men as Goethe and his literary confrères in Germany, during which time … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger — [Oehlenschläger s name is written with Oe and a umlaut (ä), not with the usual Danish Ø and æ.] (November 14, 1779 ndash; January 20, 1850) was a Danish poet and playwright. He introduced romanticism into Danish literature.BiographyHe was born in … Wikipedia
Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger — Oehlenschläger, d après un tableau de Johann Ludwig Lund … Wikipédia en Français
Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger — Den danske digter, Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, forsøgte sig som skuespiller i 1797 1799, men uden held. Han fortsatte sin skolelæsning, og fik i 1800 adgangseksamen til Københavns Universitet, hvor han begyndte på jurastudiet. Oehlenschläger har … Danske encyklopædi
Oehlenschläger — Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob … Enciclopedia Universal
Adam Oehlenschläger — Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger Portrait of Adam Oehlenschläger by Christian Albrecht Jensen (1825) Born 14 November 1779(1779 11 14) Copenhagen, Denmark … Wikipedia
Adam Öhlenschläger — Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger Nach einem Gemälde von Johann Ludwig Lund Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger (* 14. November 1779 in Kopenhagen; † 20. Januar 1850 ebenda) war ein dänischer Nationaldichter der Romantik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oehlenschläger — Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger Nach einem Gemälde von Johann Ludwig Lund Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger (* 14. November 1779 in Kopenhagen; † 20. Januar 1850 ebenda) war ein dänischer Nationaldichter der Romantik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Adam Oehlenschläger — Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger Oehlenschläger, d après un tableau de Johann Ludwig Lund … Wikipédia en Français