born Sept. 15, 1649, Oakham, Rutland, Eng.died July 12/13, 1705, LondonEnglish fabricator of the Popish Plot.Son of a Baptist preacher, he was ordained in the Church of England. Although jailed for perjury in 1674, he became chaplain to the Protestants in the household of the Catholic 6th duke of Norfolk in 1677. In 1678, with the fanatically anti-Catholic Israel Tonge, he invented the Popish Plot, a fictitious Jesuit conspiracy to kill Charles II and place his Catholic brother James (later James II) on the throne. Oates's testimony caused some 35 persons to be executed, but inconsistencies in his story emerged, and he was convicted of perjury and imprisoned in 1685; released in 1688, he died in obscurity.
* * *▪ English priestborn Sept. 15, 1649, Oakham, Rutland, Eng.died July 12/13, 1705, Londonrenegade Anglican priest who fabricated the Popish Plot of 1678. Oates's allegations that Roman Catholics were plotting to seize power caused a reign of terror in London and strengthened the anti-Catholic Whig Party.The son of a Baptist preacher, Oates was expelled from the Merchant Taylors School, London, in 1665. Although he managed to be ordained into the Church of England, he was imprisoned for perjury while serving as a curate in Hastings in 1674. He escaped and joined the navy as a chaplain but was soon dismissed for misconduct.Nevertheless, early in 1677 Oates became chaplain to the Protestants in the household of the Roman Catholic Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk. There he had his first extensive contacts with Catholic circles. At the same time, his new acquaintance, the fanatical anti-Jesuit Israel Tonge, urged him to profit by betraying Catholics to the government. Oates, therefore, set out to gather information about them and their activities. He joined the Roman Catholic church in March 1677, but before long he was expelled from seminaries at Valladolid in Spain and at Saint-Omer in France. Returning to London in 1678 he rejoined Tonge, and the pair invented an account of a vast Jesuit conspiracy to assassinate King Charles II and place his Roman Catholic brother James, Duke of York (James II), on the throne. They publicized the tale through a prominent justice of the peace, Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey (Godfrey, Sir Edmund), and their revelations seemed even more plausible after Godfrey was found murdered in October 1678.In the wave of terror that swept London, Oates was hailed as the saviour of his country, though Charles himself examined Oates and found his story unconvincing. His testimony was responsible for the execution of some 35 persons, but, as the frenzy subsided, inconsistencies were discovered in his story. In June 1684 the Duke of York was awarded damages of £100,000 in a libel suit against Oates. After the Duke of York came to the throne as King James II in 1685, Oates was convicted of perjury, pilloried, flogged, and imprisoned. But when James was deposed in 1688, Oates was released and granted a pension. He became a Baptist in 1693 but was expelled from that church eight years later. He died in obscurity.
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Oates,Titus — Oates, Titus. 1649 1705. English conspirator. His story of a Jesuit plot to assassinate Charles II (1678) resulted in the execution of many innocent Catholics. * * * … Universalium
Oates, Titus — (1649–1705) Conspirator. Oates was born in Rutland, England. He was the son of a Baptist minister, but in 1673 he was ordained as an Anglican clergyman. Subsequently he converted to Roman Catholicism. While pursuing his studies in Spain, he … Who’s Who in Christianity
Oates, Titus — (15 sep. 1649, Oakham, Rutland, Inglaterra–12/13 jul. 1705, Londres). Inglés que ideó un complot papista. Hijo de un predicador bautista, fue ordenado en la Iglesia de Inglaterra. Aunque encarcelado por perjurio en 1674, se convirtió en capellán… … Enciclopedia Universal
OATES, TITUS — fabricator of a Popish plot for the overthrow of the Protestant faith in England, the allegation of which brought to the block several innocent men; rewarded at first with a pension and safe lodgment in Westminster Hall, was afterwards… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Titus Oates — (* 15. September 1649 in Oakham, Rutland; † 12. Juli/13. Juli 1705) war ein englischer Geistlicher und Hauptinformant über eine von ihm erfundene Papisten Verschwörung (englisch Popish Plot), bei der angeblich Katholiken die Ermordung Karls II … Deutsch Wikipedia
Titus Oates — (September 15, 1649 ndash; July 12/13, 1705) was a 17th century perjurer who fabricated the Popish Plot , a supposed Catholic conspiracy to kill King Charles II.Early lifeTitus Oates was born in Oakham. His father, Samuel, was the rector of… … Wikipedia
OATES (T.) — OATES TITUS (1649 1705) Ancien clerc anglican converti au catholicisme, Titus Oates entre dans l’histoire en suscitant la dernière grande panique antipapiste en Angleterre. Accusant, en 1678, les catholiques de préparer un complot pour tuer le… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Titus Oates — noun English conspirator who claimed that there was a Jesuit plot to assassinate Charles II (1649 1705) • Syn: ↑Oates • Instance Hypernyms: ↑conspirator, ↑coconspirator, ↑plotter, ↑machinator * * * Titus … Useful english dictionary
Titus — /tuy teuhs/, n. 1. a disciple and companion of the apostle Paul, to whom Paul is supposed to have addressed an Epistle. 2. this New Testament Epistle. Abbr.: Tit. 3. (Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus) A.D. 40? 81, Roman emperor 79 81. 4. Tatius. 5. a… … Universalium
Titus — (as used in expressions) Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius Titus Flavius Clemens Titus Flavius Domitianus Oates, Titus Titus Petronius Niger Titus Livius Titus Vespasianus Augustus Titus Flavius Vespasianus … Enciclopedia Universal