Nobel, Alfred (Bernhard)

born Oct. 21, 1833, Stockholm, Swed.
died Dec. 10, 1896, San Remo, Italy

Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist.

His attempts to find a safe way to handle nitroglycerin resulted in the invention of dynamite and the blasting cap. He built a network of factories to manufacture dynamite and corporations to produce and market his explosives. He went on to develop more powerful explosives and to construct and perfect detonators for explosives that did not explode on simple firing (e.g., when lit with a match). Nobel registered more than 350 patents, many unrelated to explosives (e.g., artificial silk and leather). A complex personality, both dynamic and reclusive, he was a pacifist but was labeled the "merchant of death" for inventing explosives used in war. Perhaps to counter this label, he left most of his immense fortune, from worldwide explosives and oil interests, to establish the Nobel Prizes, which would become the most highly regarded of all international awards.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nobel, Alfred Bernhard — ▪ Swedish inventor born Oct. 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden died Dec. 10, 1896, San Remo, Italy       Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist, who invented dynamite and other, more powerful explosives and who also founded the Nobel Prizes… …   Universalium

  • Nobel,Alfred Bernhard — No·bel (nō bĕlʹ), Alfred Bernhard. 1833 1896. Swedish chemist and engineer who invented dynamite (1866) and bequeathed his fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Nobel, Alfred Bernhard — SUBJECT AREA: Chemical technology, Weapons and armour [br] b. 21 October 1833 Stockholm, Sweden d. 10 December 1896 San Remo, Italy [br] Swedish industrialist, inventor of dynamite, founder of the Nobel Prizes. [br] Alfred s father, Immanuel… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Nobel , Alfred Bernhard — (1833–1896) Swedish chemist, engineer, and inventor Nobel left Stockholm, where he was born, in 1842 to join his father, an engineer, who had moved to St. Petersburg. He was taught chemistry by his tutors and spoke fluently in English, French,… …   Scientists

  • Nobel, Alfred (Bernhard) — (21 oct. 1833, Estocolmo, Suecia–10 dic. 1896, San Remo, Italia). Químico, ingeniero e industrial sueco. Sus intentos para encontrar una forma segura para manejar la nitroglicerina resultaron en la invención de la dinamita y la cápsula detonante …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Bernhard Nobel — noun Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833 1896) • Syn: ↑Nobel, ↑Alfred Nobel • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist, ↑philanthropist, ↑altruist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alfred Bernhard Nobel — n. Alfred Nobel (1833 1896), Swedish scientist and industrialist who established the Nobel Prize, inventor of dynamite …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Alfred Nobel — Born 21 October 1833(1833 10 21) Stockholm, Sweden Died 10 December 1896( …   Wikipedia

  • Alfred Nobel — Totenmaske von Alfred …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhard — Bernhard, Thomas * * * (as used in expressions) Bülow, Bernhard (Heinrich Martin Karl), príncipe von Feininger, Andreas (Bernhard Lyonel) Moltke, Helmuth (Karl Bernhard), conde von Nobel, Alfred (Bernhard) Riemann, (Georg Friedrich) Bernhard …   Enciclopedia Universal

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