- plural NilotesAny member of a cluster of east-central African peoples living in southern Sudan, northern Uganda, and western Kenya.The name refers to the region of the Upper Nile and its tributaries, where most of them live. Nilotic languages belong to the Eastern Sudanic group of the Nilo-Saharan family. A notable shared physical characteristic is their average height, men commonly reaching 7 ft (210 cm). The Acholi, Dinka, Luo, Masai, Nandi, Nuer, and Shilluk are classed as Nilotes. Altogether they number about seven million.
* * *▪ peopleplural Nilotesany member of several east-central African peoples living in southern Sudan, northern Uganda, and western Kenya. The name refers to the area in which they live, mostly the region of the Upper Nile and its tributaries, and to a linguistic unity that distinguishes them from their neighbours who have similar physical characteristics and culture. (See Nilotic languages.) The Nilotes numbered about 7,000,000 in the late 20th century.Most Nilotes occupy savanna country that is alternately subject to flooding and drought. They pursue a mixed economy of pastoralism and hoe cultivation, supplemented by fishing, hunting, and a little food gathering. Although Nilotes may cultivate out of necessity, all except the Anywa of The Sudan are pastoralists with a great love of cattle. Milk, milk products, and grain are staple foods. Cattle are not slaughtered indiscriminately for meat; they are paid in compensation and bridewealth, and their ownership determines status and wealth. Nilotic peoples have a rich cattle vocabulary; they spend much time caring for the herds and erecting large stables, or kraals, for their protection. A man commonly trains his favourite ox and decorates its horns, and in many cases he is addressed by the animal's name. Cattle assume ritual importance, being dedicated and sacrificed to ancestors or spirits.Nomadic or transhumant movements are especially pronounced among the Nuer and Dinka peoples. In the wet season they live in permanent village settlements above flood level and cultivate crops and herd cattle in the vicinity of their well-built, circular houses. In the dry season they occupy temporary cattle camps near permanent water supplies and pastures, where they live in windbreaks and engage in herding and fishing. Other Nilotic tribes are more sedentary.The Shilluk are the most highly organized, having a divine king who symbolizes the whole realm. Organized chieftainships, associated with rainmaking, court ceremonial, and royal emblems, are found also among the Anywa, Acholi, and others. In contrast, the Nuer, Dinka, and Luo of Kenya are without rulers, their egalitarian society being based on a relationship between lineage segments coordinated with territorial segments. A dominant clan is associated with a tribal territory; dominant lineages of this clan are found in subdivisions of the society. The principal opposition between segments and their fusion in relation to larger segments is marked; descent is patrilineal.Ritual experts are often rainmakers; among the Dinka and Nuer they act also as mediators and peacemakers in feuds between lineages and between territorial subdivisions. There are strong ancestor cults and belief in a supreme being. Totemism exists in some societies but is important only among the Dinka.
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nilot — ni·lot … English syllables
Nilot — Ni•lot [[t]ˈnaɪ lɒt[/t]] also Ni•lote [[t] loʊt[/t]] n. pl. lo•tes [[t] ˈloʊ tiz[/t]] peo a member of any of a number of African peoples of the upper Nile River drainage and East African steppes who share physical and cultural features and speak… … From formal English to slang
nilot — … Useful english dictionary
Nilotic — people or Nilotes, in its contemporary usage, refers to some ethnic groups mainly in southern Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania, who speak Nilotic languages, a large sub group of Nilo Saharan languages. These include the Kalenjin, Luo,… … Wikipedia
Shilluk — /shi loohk /, n., pl. Shilluks, (esp. collectively) Shilluk for 1. 1. a member of a Nilotic people of Sudan. 2. the Nilotic language of this people. * * * People living on the western bank of the Nile in The Sudan. They speak an Eastern Sudanic… … Universalium
Anywa — ▪ people also called Anuak , also spelled Anywak a Luo speaking riverine people two thirds of whom live in southeastern Sudan (Nilot), the remainder in Ethiopia (Nilot). The Anywa are believed to have migrated from lands east of the… … Universalium
Nilotic peoples — Nilotic redirects here. For for the river, see Nile. Areas where Nilotic Languages are spoken Nilotic people or Nilotes, in its contemporary usage, refers to some ethnic groups mainly in South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania, who… … Wikipedia
Stephen Mlakic — (d. 1950) (Croatian: Stjepan Mlakić) was a Bosnian Croat born in Fojnica (in 1844), a missionary in Africa among the tribes of Shiluks and Nuers in Sudan, and, like his colleague Bernardo Kohnen, one of the most important representatives of… … Wikipedia
Nilbarsch — (Lates niloticus s. Perca nilot. L.), großer silberfarbiger Flußbarsch, welcher schon den Alten unter dem Namen Lates od. Latus als ein sehr wohlschmeckender Fisch bekannt war … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
congo — /kong goh/, n. congou. * * * Congo Congo:Geography Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon Map references: Africa Area: total area: 342,000 sq km land area: 341,500 sq km comparative area: slightly… … Universalium