Hungarian Fertő-tóLake, eastern Austria and northwestern Hungary.The shallow lake was formerly entirely within Hungary, but in 1922 the northern two-thirds were transferred to Austria. Formed during the Pleistocene Epoch, it is Austria's lowest point, 377 ft (115 m) above sea level. Heavy reed growth along its shores supports many species of birds, which are protected by an international sanctuary and a biological station.
* * *German Neusiedlersee, Hungarian Fertő-tó,lake in Burgenland (eastern Austria) and northwestern Hungary, named from the Austrian town of Neusiedl and the Hungarian word for “swamp lake.” Formed several million years ago during the Pleistocene Epoch, probably as a result of tectonic subsidence, it is Austria's lowest point (377 feet [115 m] above sea level). The lake is 22 miles (36 km) long and 4–9 miles (6–14 km) wide. Neusiedler Lake is fed by a small stream and probably by underground sources and is slightly saline with no natural outflow. It is very shallow (rarely more than 4–6 feet deep) and fluctuates in level and size (135 square miles [350 square km]) with climatic variations. A canal (built 1873–95) connects it to the Rabnitz (Hungarian: Répce) River, which is a tributary of the Danube. A heavy reed growth along the lake's shores supports many species of rare and migratory birds, which are protected by an international sanctuary and a biological station. The lake provides raw materials for the cellulose industry and serves as a recreation area for nearby Vienna. Major lakeside towns are Neusiedl, Podersdorf, and the wine centre of Rust.
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lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) … Universalium
Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly … Universalium
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Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… … Universalium
Burgenland — Ger. /boordd geuhn lahnt /, n. a province in E Austria, bordering Hungary. 272,274; 1530 sq. mi. (3960 sq. km). Cap.: Eisenstadt. * * * ▪ state, Austria Bundesland (federal state), eastern Austria, bordering Hungary on the east, and… … Universalium
Hungary — /hung geuh ree/, n. a republic in central Europe. 9,935,774; 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Cap.: Budapest. Hungarian, Magyarország. * * * Hungary Introduction Hungary Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro Hungarian Empire, which… … Universalium
Europe — /yoor euhp, yerr / for 1; /yoo roh pee, yeuh / for 2, n. 1. a continent in the W part of the landmass lying between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains on the E and the Caucasus Mountains and the Black and… … Universalium