Neri, Saint Philip
born July 21, 1515, Florencedied May 26, 1595, Rome; canonized 1622; feast day May 26Roman Catholic mystic.He went to Rome to pursue religious studies in 1533. In 1548 he cofounded a society of laymen dedicated to the care of pilgrims, the poor, and the sick. After his ordination in 1551 he moved to the community of San Girolamo della Carità in Rome. From 1564 to 1575 he was rector of the church of San Giovanni, and in 1575 Gregory XIII granted him Santa Maria in Vallicella, where he established his Congregation of the Oratory, a group of priests and clerics engaged in devotion and charitable activities. One of the outstanding mystics of the Counter-Reformation, he was noted for his eloquence as a preacher.
* * *▪ Roman Catholic saintItalian San Filippo Neriborn July 21, 1515, Florencedied May 26, 1595, Rome; canonized 1622; feast day May 26Italian priest and one of the outstanding mystics during the Counter-Reformation and founder of the Congregation of the Oratory (now the Institute of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, also called Oratorians), a congregation of secular priests and clerics. He went to Rome c. 1533, where he tutored, studied, and undertook many charitable works. In 1548 he founded a society of laymen dedicated to the care of the poor, convalescents, and pilgrims. After ordination in 1551 he moved to the ecclesiastical community at San Girolamo della Carità in Rome. There he held religious conferences that became so popular that a large room was built over the church nave to accommodate his audiences. This room was called the Oratory, a name that subsequently referred to those who met there and to the devotional, charitable, and recreational activities that Philip instituted, including musical performances (hence “oratorio” (oratorio)).Philip was rector of the church of San Giovanni from 1564 to 1575, during which period he ordained his disciples. In 1575 Pope Gregory XIII granted him Sta. Maria in Vallicella, where he established the Institute of the Oratory. A house was built for the priests, and Philip, elected provost of the congregation in 1577, resided there after 1583.Although Philip helped influence Pope Clement VIII to absolve (1595) King Henry IV of France from excommunication, he had little to do with contemporary political events. Noted for his personal spirituality, he underwent numerous ecstatic religious experiences, and many miracles were attributed to him.Additional ReadingMeriol Trevor, Apostle of Rome (1995; originally published in German, 1986); Paul Türks, Philip Neri (1995); Louis Bouyer, St. Philip Neri: A Portrait (1995; originally published in French, 1979).
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Neri,Saint Philip — Ne·ri (nāʹrē), Saint Philip. Originally Filippo Neri. 1515 1595. Italian ecclesiastic who founded (1564) a religious order, the Fathers of the Oratory, and advised the Holy See to absolve Henry IV of France. * * * … Universalium
Neri, Saint Philip Romolo — • Biographical article on the Apostle of Rome, who died in 1595 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Saint Philip — Saint Philip, São Filipe, or San Felipe may refer to:People * Saint Philip the Apostle * Saint Philip the Evangelist also known as Philip the Deacon * Saint Philip Neri * Saint Philip Minh Van Doan of the Vietnamese MartyrsPlaces in North America … Wikipedia
Philip Romolo Neri, Saint — • Biographical article on the Apostle of Rome, who died in 1595 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Saint Philip Neri Church — St Philip Neri Church Liverpool is home to the Roman Catholic chaplancy to the Universities in Liverpool. It features a Byzantine inspired design by PS Gilby and was built between 1914 and 1920. There are exterior friezes depicting the Last… … Wikipedia
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri — The Oratory of Saint Philip Neri is a congregation of Catholic priests and lay brothers who live together in a community bound together by no formal vows but only with the bond of charity. They are commonly referred to as Oratorians. It should… … Wikipedia
The Oratory of Saint Philip Neri — The Oratory of Saint Philip Neri † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Oratory of Saint Philip Neri Under this head are included the Italian, Spanish, English, and other communities, which follow the rule of St. Philip Neri. The revolt of the … Catholic encyclopedia
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri, The — • Italian, Spanish, English, and other communities, which follow the rule of St. Philip Neri. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Philip Neri — For the Mexican revolutionary general, see Felipe Neri. Saint Philip Neri Born July 22, 1515(1515 07 22) Florence Died May 27, 1595 … Wikipedia
Philip — /fil ip/, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles. Mark 3:18; John 1:43 48; 6:5 7. 2. one of the leaders of the Christian Hellenists in the early church in Jerusalem who afterwards became an evangelist and missionary. Acts 6; 8:26 40. 3. King (Metacomet),… … Universalium