Neilson, James Beaumont
- died Jan. 18, 1865, Queenshill, KirkcudbrightScottish inventor.Working at the Glasgow Gasworks (1817–47), he introduced the use of a hot-air blast for the smelting of iron ore. It had been believed that a blast of cold air was the most efficient smelting method (see William Fairbairn); Neilson demonstrated that the opposite was true, patenting his idea in 1828. Use of the hot blast tripled iron output per ton of coal, permitted iron to be recovered from lower-grade ores, and made possible the efficient use of raw coal and lower grades of coal instead of coke and the construction of larger smelting furnaces.
* * *▪ Scottish inventorborn June 22, 1792, Shettleston, Lanark, Scot.died Jan. 18, 1865, Queenshill, KirkcudbrightScottish inventor who introduced the use of a hot-air blast instead of a cold-air blast for the smelting of iron, thus greatly advancing the technology of iron production.In 1817 Neilson was appointed foreman of the Glasgow Gasworks. Soon afterward he became manager and engineer, and he remained with the firm for 30 years.During the early 19th century, ironworkers in Great Britain believed that a blast of cold air was the most efficient method for smelting iron. Neilson demonstrated that the opposite was true. His idea, first tested at the Clyde Ironworks, Glasgow, was patented in 1828. Use of the hot blast tripled iron output per ton of coal and permitted the profitable recovery of iron from lower-grade ores. It also made possible the efficient use of raw coal and lower grades of coal instead of coke and permitted the construction of larger smelting furnaces.
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Neilson, James Beaumont — SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy [br] b. 22 June 1792 Shettleston, near Glasgow, Scotland d. 18 January 1865 Queenshill, Kirkcudbright shire, Scotland [br] Scottish inventor of hot blast in ironmaking. [br] After leaving school before the age of 14… … Biographical history of technology
Neilson, James Beaumont — (22 jun. 1792, Shettleston, Lanark, Escocia–18 ene. 1865, Queenshill, Kirkcudbright). Inventor escocés. Mientras trabajaba en la fábrica de gas de Glasgow (1817–47) introdujo el uso del soplado de aire caliente en los hornos para fundición de… … Enciclopedia Universal
James Beaumont Neilson — Infobox Scientist name = James Beaumont Neilson box width = image width =150px caption = James Beaumont Neilson birth date = June 22, 1792 birth place = Shettleston death date = January 18, 1865 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality … Wikipedia
James Beaumont Neilson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neilson. Portrait de James Beaumont Neilson James Beaumont Neilson (1792 1865) est un maître de forge écossais, technicien du … Wikipédia en Français
James Beaumont Neilson — Monumento a Neilson en Barstobrick Hill, on Neilson s former Queenshill estate cerca de Ringford, Kirkcudbrightshire. James Beaumont Neilson (22 de junio de 1792, Lanark 18 de enero de 1865, Kirkcudbright) fue un inventor escocés. Mientras se… … Wikipedia Español
Beaumont — Beaumont, Charles de ► C. de E.U.A., al SE de Texas, en el estuario del Neches River; 114 320 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Beaumont, Francis Beaumont, William Neilson, James Beaumont … Enciclopedia Universal
James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… … Enciclopedia Universal
Beaumont — /boh mont/, n. 1. Francis, 1584 1616, English dramatist who collaborated with John Fletcher. 2. William, 1785 1853, U.S. surgeon. 3. a city in SE Texas. 118,102. 4. a male given name. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 113,866), southeastern Texas, U.S.… … Universalium
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Neilson (name) — For other uses, see Neilson. Neilson Family name Meaning Son of Neil Related names MacNeil, Nelson, Neilsen, Nielsen … Wikipedia