Uto-Aztecan language of Mexico, which continues to be spoken by more than a million modern Mexicans in various markedly divergent dialects.Nahuatl was the language of perhaps the majority of the inhabitants of pre-Conquest central Mexico, including Tenochtitlán (now Mexico City), the capital of the Aztec empire. Soon after the Conquest in the 1520s, Nahuatl began to be written in a Spanish-based orthography, and an abundance of documents survive from the colonial period, including annals, municipal records, poetry, formal addresses, and The History of the Things of New Spain, a remarkable compendium of Nahua culture compiled by Indian informants under the direction of the Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún (1499–1590).
* * *▪ Uto-Aztecan languageAmerican Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken in central and western Mexico. Nahuatl, the most important of the Uto-Aztecan languages, was the language of the Aztec and Toltec civilizations of Mexico. A large body of literature in Nahuatl, produced by the Aztecs, survives from the 16th century, recorded in an orthography that was introduced by Spanish priests and based on that of Spanish.The phonology of Classical Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, was notable for its use of a tl sound produced as a single consonant and for the use of the glottal stop. The glottal stop has been lost in some modern dialects—replaced by h—and retained in others. The tl sound, however, serves to distinguish the three major modern dialects: central and northern Aztec dialects retain the tl sound, as can be seen in their name, Nahuatl. Eastern Aztec dialects, around Veracruz, Mex., have replaced the tl by t and are called Nahuat. Western dialects, spoken primarily in the Mexican states of Michoacán and México, replace the tl with l and are called Nahual.Classical (i.e., 16th-century) Nahuatl used a set of 15 consonants and four long and short vowels. Its grammar was basically agglutinative, making much use of prefixes and suffixes, reduplication (doubling) of syllables, and compound words.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Classical Nahuatl language — Classical Nahuatl Nāhuatlahtōlli Spoken in Mexico Region Aztec Empire Extinct Divided into various dialects by the 15th century … Wikipedia
Nahuatl dialects — Nahuatl Nahuatlahtolli Māsēwallahtōlli Spoken in Mexico: México (state), Distrito Federal, Puebla, Veracruz, Hidalgo, Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Michoacán and Durango … Wikipedia
Nahuatl orthography — describes the methodologies and conventions used to express the Nahuatl languages and dialects in some given writing system, and the inventory of glyphs, graphemes and diacritics employed for that purpose. Historically Nahuatl has been written… … Wikipedia
Nahuatl honorifics — refers to the set of linguistic elements and morphological systems found in the Nahuatl group of related languages and dialects, that are used to mark degrees of respect and relative social standing and distance for the speaker and subject(s) of… … Wikipedia
Nahuatl — Mexican language redirects here. For Mexican dialect of the Spanish language, see Mexican Spanish. Nahuatl Nāhuatlahtōlli, Māsēwallahtōlli, Mexicano Nahua wo … Wikipedia
Nahuatl — /nah waht l/, n., pl. Nahuatls, (esp. collectively) Nahuatl, adj. n. 1. a member of any of various peoples of ancient origin ranging from southeastern Mexico to parts of Central America and including the Aztecs. 2. a Uto Aztecan language spoken… … Universalium
language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… … Universalium
Nahuatl — (Aztekisch) (Nāhuatlahtōlli) Gesprochen in Mexiko Sprecher 1,5 Millionen Linguistische Klassifikation Uto Aztekische Sprachen Südliche Uto Aztekische Sprachen Nahua Sprachen (Nahuan) General Aztec Nahuatl … Deutsch Wikipedia
Náhuatl — Nahuatl nahuatl Nāhuatlahtōlli, Māsēwallahtōlli, Mexicano Parlée en Mexique, El Salvador, États Unis, Nicaragua, Guatemala. Région Au Mexique : État de Mexico, District Fédéral, Puebla, Veracruz, Hidalgo, Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Michoacán … Wikipédia en Français
Nahuatl — 1822, from Spanish, from Nahuatl (Aztec) Nahuatl, the people s name, something that makes an agreeable sound; someone who speaks well or speaks one s own language. As a language name, usually in the compound form nahuatlahotol li … Etymology dictionary