- In Japanese history, period of military government (bakufu, or shogunate) from the 14th to the 16th century.The bakufu was established in 1338 by the samurai (warrior) Ashikaga Takauji. Although the bakufu lasted in name until 1573, when the last of the Ashikaga shoguns was deposed, the Ashikaga in fact lost control of Japan during the Ōnin War (1467–77). The Muromachi period was, despite considerable turbulence and unrest, a time of great cultural growth, during which Zen Buddhism, nō theatre and other literary forms, and sumi-e (Chinese-style ink painting) flourished. See also Ashikaga family; daimyo; Kanō school.
* * *▪ Japanese historyalso called Ashikaga Period,in Japanese history, period of the Ashikaga (Ashikaga Takauji) Shogunate (1338–1573). It was named for a district in Kyōto, where the first Ashikaga shogun, Takauji, established his administrative headquarters. Although Takauji took the title of shogun for himself and his heirs, complete control of Japan eluded him.The most successful of the Ashikaga (Ashikaga Yoshimitsu) rulers, the third shogun Yoshimitsu, managed to eliminate his rivals and settle a long-standing split in the imperial line, creating an era of stability that lasted several decades. A later succession dispute within the Ashikaga, however, led to the Ōnin War (1467–77) and was followed by a century of military struggle known as “the age of the country at war” (sengoku jidai).In spite of the political disorder, the Muromachi period witnessed great cultural growth, particularly under the influence of Zen Buddhism. The uniquely Japanese arts of the tea ceremony, flower arranging, and nō drama were developed, while the Sung style of ink painting (sumi) reached its height. In architecture simplicity and austerity were the general rule. Both the Golden Pavilion (Kinkakuji) and Silver Pavilion (Ginkakuji) in Kyōto were constructed as shogunal retreats during the Muromachi period.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Muromachi period — Muromachi redirects here. For other uses, see Muromachi (disambiguation). History of Japan Kinkaku ji Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 B … Wikipedia
Muromachi period — (1336–1572) The late medieval period of Japanese history (1336–1572) is generally called the Muromachi age, named after the district of Kyoto where the seat of power lay. The political center of Japan shifted from Kamakura back to Kyoto as a… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Muromachi period — n. era in the history of Japan from 1336 to 1573 … English contemporary dictionary
Eishō (Muromachi period) — nihongo|Eishō|永正| was a nihongo|Japanese era name|年号,| nengō ,| lit. year name after Bunki and before Daiei. The period spanned the years from 1504 through 1521. The reigning emperor was nihongo|Go Kashiwabara tennō |後柏原天皇. [Titsingh, Isaac.… … Wikipedia
Kōji (Muromachi period) — [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 372 382.] Change of era*; 1555: The era name was changed to mark an event or a number of events. The old era ended and a new once commenced in Tenbun 24.The name originates from the… … Wikipedia
Kōwa (Muromachi period) — Kōwa (弘和) was a Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts lasting from 1381 to 1384. Reigning Emperors were Chōkei and Go Kameyama in the south and Go En yū and Go Komatsu in the north.Change of eraEvents… … Wikipedia
Kōan (Muromachi period) — nihongo|Kōan|康安| was a Japanese era of the Northern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Embun and before Jōji and lasting from 1361 to 1362. Reigning Emperors were Emperor Go Murakami in the south and Emperor Go Kōgon in… … Wikipedia
Jōwa (Muromachi period) — was a Japanese era of the Northern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Kōei and before Kannō and lasting from 1345 to 1349.sequence prev=Kōei list=Japanese era name next=Kannō … Wikipedia
Muromachi (disambiguation) — Muromachi (室町) is a Japanese name derived from a path called Muromachi kōji (室町小路?) of the ancient capital of Heian kyō, present day Kyoto. It may also refer to: Muromachi Street (室町通, Muromachi dōri … Wikipedia
Muromachi Street — A yamaboko named Kikusuiboko (菊水鉾) is being built on Muromachi Street. Muromachi Street (室町通, Muromachi dōri? … Wikipedia