Mugabe, Robert (Gabriel)

born Feb. 21, 1924, Kutama, Southern Rhodesia

First prime minister (1980–87) and executive president (from 1987) of Zimbabwe.

With Joshua Nkomo, Mugabe led a Marxist-inspired guerrilla war that forced the white-dominated government of Ian Smith to accept universal elections, which Mugabe's party, Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), easily won. He formed a coalition government with Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU), but he removed Nkomo in 1982. In 1984 the two parties were merged as ZANU–Patriotic Front, as Mugabe moved to convert Zimbabwe from a parliamentary democracy into a one-party socialist state. His rule was marked by violence and intimidation and by a decreasing tolerance of political opposition.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mugabe,Robert Gabriel — Mu·ga·be (mo͝o gäʹbē), Robert Gabriel. Born 1924. Zimbabwean politician who led the Black nationalist struggle against the white minority government of Rhodesia. After Zimbabwe s independence (1980), he was elected prime minister, then executive… …   Universalium

  • Mugabe, Robert (Gabriel) — (n. 21 feb. 1924, Kutama, Rhodesia del Sur). Primero en ocupar el cargo de primer ministro (1980–87) y de presidente (desde 1987) en Zimbabwe. Junto a Joshua Nkomo, encabezó una guerra de guerrillas de orientación marxista que obligó al gobierno… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Gabriel Mugabe — Robert Mugabe 2008 Robert Mugabe 1991 Robert Gabriel Mugabe, (* 21. Februar 1924 in Masvingo) ist Chef der ZANU Parte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Gabriel Mugabe — Robert Mugabe Robert Mugabe 4e président de la République du Zimbabwe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mugabe, Robert — ▪ 2001       During the first six months of 2000, Pres. Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe suffered two political setbacks. In a referendum held on February 12–13, voters turned down a proposal for a new constitution that would have expanded his powers.… …   Universalium

  • Robert Gabriel Mugabe — n. Robert Mugabe (born 1924), president of Zimbabwe since 1987 and former prime minister of Zimbabwe (1980 1987) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Robert Mugabe — Mugabe redirects here. For other uses, see Mugabe (disambiguation). Robert Mugabe …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Mugabe — 2º. Presidente de la República de Zimbabue …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mugabe — Mugabe,   Robert Gabriel, Politiker in Simbabwe, * Kutoma (Maschonaland) 21. 2. 1924; studierte Philosophie, Englisch, Geschichte, Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Jura, arbeitete danach als Lehrer (u. a. auch in Ghana), kehrte 1960 nach …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mugabe — (Robert Gabriel) (né en 1924) homme politique du Zimbabwe; secrétaire général (1963) de la Zimbabwe African national Union (ZANU), président de la Rép. depuis l indépendance (1980) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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