Architecture and religious arts of the Mozarabs, Christians who lived in the Iberian Peninsula after the Arab invasion of 711.Exposure of the conquered Christians to Islamic culture and art forms proved influential, and their art became a synthesis of the two traditions. The subject matter is Christian, but the style shows the assimilation of Islamic decorative motifs and forms. Islamic influence is seen especially in Mozarabic architecture, with its horseshoe-shaped arches and ribbed domes. Through the emigration of Mozarabs, Islamic influence in the arts spread northward into the rest of Europe.
* * *architecture (Western architecture) and other visual arts of the Mozarabs, Christians who lived in the Iberian Peninsula after the Arab invasion of 711. The conquered Christians were tolerated, although called mustaʿrib (“arabicized,” from which “Mozarab” is derived), and maintained their traditional religion. Exposure to Islāmic culture and art forms proved to be influential, however, and their art became a synthesis of the two traditions. The subject matter is Christian, but the style shows the assimilation of Islāmic decorative motifs and forms. Even those who emigrated to reconquered territory or to other countries continued to produce art and architecture in the Mozarabic style, and it was in part the result of these movements that Arabic influences spread northward into Europe.The Mozarabic style is identifiable only in religious art; in the minor arts—especially textiles, ceramic tiles, and pottery—the style is so close to contemporary Islāmic work that only by the Christian subject matter is it known that the artists were not Arabs. Among the most characteristic Mozarabic productions was a series of manuscripts called the Beatus Apocalypses, brightly illustrated copies of commentaries on the Book of Revelation by the monk Beatus of Liébana. Their iconography influenced the Romanesque works that superseded them.Mozarabic architecture also shows the influence of Islāmic style, especially in its use of the horseshoe-shaped arch and the ribbed dome. Restrictions on building and restoring their shrines inhibited the Mozarabs still living under Muslim rule, but a large number of churches built in the Mozarabic style by monks who emigrated to the non-Islāmic territories of northern Spain survive from the late 9th to early 11th century. San Miguel de Escalada, near León, for example, the largest surviving example of Mozarabic architecture, was founded by monks from Córdoba and consecrated in 913.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Mozarabic art and architecture — Mozarabic Art refers to art of Mozarabs (from musta rab meaning “Arabized”), Iberian Christians living in Al Andalus, the Muslim conquered territories in the period that comprises from the Arab invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (711) to the end… … Wikipedia
Mozarabic language — Mozarabic لتن לטן Latinus/Latino Spoken in Iberia Extinct by the Late Middle Ages Language family Indo Europ … Wikipedia
art — art1 /ahrt/, n. 1. the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. 2. the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art… … Universalium
Art — /ahrt/, n. a male given name, form of Arthur. * * * I also called visual art A visual object or experience consciously created through an expression of skill or imagination. The term art encompasses diverse media such as painting, sculpture,… … Universalium
ART — Ling. article: often used to represent the class of determiners, including words such as this, that, and some as well as the articles a, an, and the. * * * I also called visual art A visual object or experience consciously created through an… … Universalium
Art — This article is about the general concept of Art. For the categories of different artistic disciplines, see The arts. For the arts that are visual in nature, see Visual arts. For people named Art, see Arthur (disambiguation). For other uses, see… … Wikipedia
Art in Roman Catholicism — Roman Catholic art consists of all visual works produced in an attempt to illustrate, supplement and portray in tangible form the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. This includes sculpture, painting, mosaics, metalwork, embroidery and even… … Wikipedia
Art normand — Architecture normande La nef de la cathédrale de Durham illustre le modèle arqué rond caractéristique, quoique l’utilisation de voûtes brisées peu profondes au dessus de la nef annonce le modèle gothique. Le terme architecture normande est… … Wikipédia en Français
Repoblación art and architecture — The title art and architecture of the Repoblación has recently been applied to the creative works, predominantly architectural, which were completed in the Christian kingdoms of the north of Spain between the ending of the 9th and beginning of… … Wikipedia
Medieval art — Byzantine monumental Church mosaics are one of the great achievements of medieval art. These are from Monreale in Sicily from the late 12th century. The medieval art of the Western world covers a vast scope of time and place, over 1000 years of… … Wikipedia