Morris, Robert

I
born Feb. 9, 1931, Kansas City, Mo., U.S.

U.S. artist.

His first one-man exhibition of paintings was held in San Francisco in 1957. In 1960, while living in New York City, he began producing large, monochromatic geometric sculptures, groups of which he exhibited in specific spatial relationships. His work of this period greatly affected the Minimalist movement, which sought to reduce art to its essence by eliminating personal expression and historical allusion. From the late 1960s, however, Morris moved toward a more spontaneous, if anonymous, expressiveness. He experimented in a wide variety of forms, including the "happening"; "dispersal pieces," in which materials were strewn in apparent randomness on the gallery floor; and environmental projects. His work of the 1970s showed a preoccupation with paradoxes of mental and physical imprisonment.
II
born Jan. 31, 1734, Liverpool, Merseyside, Eng.
died May 8, 1806, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.

British-born American financier and politician.

He immigrated to join his father in Maryland in 1747 and entered a Philadelphia mercantile firm the following year. As a member of the Continental Congress in the American Revolution, he practically controlled the financial operations of the war from 1776 to 1778, borrowing money from the French, requisitioning from the states, and even advancing money from his own pocket. He established the Bank of North America (1781) and served as U.S. superintendent of finance (1781–84) under the Articles of Confederation. He was a delegate to the Annapolis Convention and the Constitutional Convention and served in the U.S. Senate (1789–95). After investing heavily in land speculation, he went bankrupt and spent more than three years in a debtors' prison before his release in 1801.

* * *

▪ American sculptor
born Feb. 9, 1931, Kansas City, Mo., U.S.

      American artist whose minimalist sculptures and personalized performance works contributed significantly to the avant-garde movements of the 1960s and '70s.

      Morris studied at the Kansas City Art Institute, California School of Fine Arts, Reed College, and Hunter College, New York City, where he taught art from 1967. His first one-man exhibition of paintings was held in San Francisco in 1957. In 1960, while living in New York, he began producing large, monochromatic geometric sculptures, groups of which he exhibited in specific spatial relationships. His work of this period greatly affected the minimalist movement, which sought to reduce art to its essence by eliminating personal expression and historical allusion.

      From the late 1960s, however, Morris moved toward a more spontaneous, if anonymous, expressiveness. He experimented in a wide variety of forms, including the “happening”; “dispersal pieces,” in which materials were strewn in apparent randomness on the gallery floor; and environmental projects. His work of the 1970s showed a preoccupation with paradoxes of mental and physical imprisonment (e.g., “In the Realm of the Carceral,” 1979).

▪ American statesman
born January 31, 1734, Liverpool, Merseyside, England
died May 8, 1806, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
 American merchant and banker who came to be known as the financier of the American Revolution (1775–83).

      Morris left England to join his father in Maryland in 1747 and then entered a mercantile house in Philadelphia. During the war, Morris was vice president of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety (1775–76) and was a member of both the Continental Congress (1775–78) and the Pennsylvania legislature (1778–79, 1780–81, 1785–86). Because he was hoping for reconciliation with Britain, he did not sign the Declaration of Independence until several weeks after its adoption.

      As chairman or member of various committees of the Continental Congress, Morris practically controlled the financial operations of the war from 1776 to 1778. He raised the funds that made it possible for General George Washington (Washington, George) to move his army from the New York area to Yorktown, where Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye) surrendered (1781). Morris had borrowed from the French, requisitioned from the states, and also advanced money from his own pocket. That same year, in Philadelphia, Morris established the Bank of North America. After the war he served as superintendent of finance under the Articles of Confederation (1781–84). He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1787) and served in the U.S. Senate (1789–95). Meanwhile, he had disposed of his mercantile and banking investments and had plunged heavily into land speculation. When returns from his lands slowed, he fell into bankruptcy and was confined in a debtors' prison for more than three years before his release in 1801.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morris,Robert — Morris, Robert. 1734 1806. American Revolutionary politician and financier. A signer of the Declaration of Independence, he raised money for the Continental Army, attended the Constitutional Convention (1787), and was financially ruined by land… …   Universalium

  • Morris, Robert — I (31 ene. 1734, Liverpool, Merseyside, Inglaterra–8 may. 1806, Filadelfia, Pa., EE.UU.). Financista y político estadounidense nacido en Inglaterra. Inmigró en 1747 para reunirse con su padre en Maryland y al año siguiente se incorporó a una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Morris, Robert — (2/9/1931 Kansas City, MO ) (USA)    Sculptor and painter. Studied at the University of Kansas City, the Kansas City Art Institute, and the California School of Fine Arts.    Reproductions: I Box; 1962; mixed media; Smith, 1980: p. 17 .    Source …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Morris, Robert T. — ● np. m. ►PERS Étudiant s étant fait une renommée par l invention du Great Worm, premier ver jamais lâché en liberté sur le net …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • Morris, Robert Lee — (c. 1940 )    During the 1970s, Morris and contemporary Elsa Peretti greatly influenced costume jewelry. Morris opened his company called Art Wear and achieved fame for his handmade gold bead necklaces, gladiator cuffs, metal breastplates, and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Robert Morris — Robert or Bob Morris is the name of: Robert Hunter Morris (1700–1764), Lieutenant Governor of Colonial Pennsylvania from 1754 to 1756 Robert Morris (writer) (1703–1754), English writer on architecture Robert Morris (financier) (1734–1806),… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Morris (Händler) — Robert Morris Robert Morris, Jr. (* 31. Januar 1734 nahe Liverpool, England, Königreich Großbritannien; † 8. Mai 1806 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) war ein britisch US amerikanischer Händler. Als Unterzeichner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Morris Jr. — Robert Morris Robert Morris, Jr. (* 31. Januar 1734 nahe Liverpool, England, Königreich Großbritannien; † 8. Mai 1806 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) war ein britisch US amerikanischer Händler. Als Unterzeichner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Morris (Unternehmer) — Robert Morris Robert Morris, Jr. (* 31. Januar 1734 nahe Liverpool, England, Königreich Großbritannien; † 8. Mai 1806 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) war ein britisch US amerikanischer Unternehmer. Al …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Tappan Morris — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Tappan Morris Robert Tappan Morris (también conocido como rtm nació en 1965) es profesor asociado en el Instituto Tecnológico de Massachussets, en el departamento de Ingeniería Electrónica y Ciencias de la… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.