Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.
- born May 11, 1891, New York, N.Y., U.S.died Feb. 6, 1967, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.U.S. public official.He was editor of American Agriculturist (1922–33) and a close friend of Franklin D. Roosevelt. As secretary of the treasury in Roosevelt's cabinet (1934–45), he was responsible for financing the programs of the New Deal and the enormous military expenditures of World War II. Over $370 billion was spent during the period, three times more money than was spent by the 50 previous secretaries of the treasury. He resigned after Roosevelt's death and retired to his farm.
* * *▪ United States statesmanborn May 11, 1891, New York, New York, U.S.died February 6, 1967, Poughkeepsie, New YorkU.S. secretary of the treasury who, during his 12 years in office (1934–45) under President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.), supervised without scandal the spending of $370 billion—three times more money than had passed through the hands of his 50 predecessors combined.The editor of a farm journal, American Agriculturist, from 1922 to 1933, Morgenthau became a close friend of Roosevelt, whose Hyde Park estate was near Morgenthau's farm in Dutchess county, New York. During Roosevelt's governorship of New York (1929–33), Morgenthau served as state conservation commissioner and as chairman of the governor's agricultural advisory committee. He assisted in the political campaigns of both 1928 and 1932.As head of the treasury, Morgenthau was an industrious and effective administrator who surrounded himself with an able and dedicated staff and insisted on high standards of departmental efficiency. He was frequently torn between his intense loyalty to the president and his conservative conviction that a balanced budget was essential to the national welfare. In the end loyalty prevailed, and he threw himself wholeheartedly into the task of financing the ambitious New Deal domestic program and the nation's enormous responsibilities in World War II. He was the author of the Morgenthau Plan, which aimed at crippling German industrial potential after the war but was never put into effect.Morgenthau resigned shortly after Roosevelt's death (April 1945). After retirement, he devoted himself to his farm, to philanthropic interests, and to foreign travel.
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Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (1891 1967) Henry Morgenthau was born into a wealthy Jewish family in New York City and educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, Sachs Collegiate Institute, and Cornell University, but he left the university after three years in 1913 without… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (1891–1967) As secretary of the Treasury, Morgenthau was the highest ranking Jew in the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. During his tenure as Treasury secretary, Morgenthau had considerable influence with the president and, as the… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Morgenthau, Henry — 1891–1967 Morgenthau was President ROOSEVELT’s Secretary of the Treasury from 1934 until the end of the war. During the war his one overriding task was to finance a mammoth war economy and war production without prompting correspondingly great … Who’s Who in World War Two
Morgenthau, Henry Jr. — (1891 1967) American agriculturalist and politician, son of Henry Morgenthau. He was born in New York. He became chairman of the Agricultural Advisory Commission in 1928, and in 1934 was appointed secretary to the Treasury. He was active in a… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Morgenthau, Henry — (1856 1946) American financier and diplomat. He was born in Mannheim, Germany, and settled in the US in 1865. Initially he practised law, but then became active in real estate and banking. From 1913 to 1916 he was US ambassador to Turkey.… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (11 may. 1891, Nueva York, N.Y. EE.UU.–6 feb. 1967, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.). Funcionario público estadounidense. Fue director del American Agriculturist (1922–33) y amigo íntimo de Franklin D. Roosevelt. En su calidad de secretario del tesoro en el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (1891–1967) American statesman, secretary of the treasury (1934–1945) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Henry Morgenthau, Jr. — Henry Morgenthau, Jr. 52nd United States Secretary of the Treasury In office January 1, 1934 – July 22, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1934 1945) … Wikipedia
Henry Morgenthau, Sr. — Henry Morgenthau 26th United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire In office 1913–1916 President Woodrow Wilson … Wikipedia
Henry Morgenthau — junior [ˈmɔːrgənθɔː] (* 11. Mai 1891 in Poughkeepsie, New York; † 6. Februar 1967 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Von 1934 bis … Deutsch Wikipedia