Moreau, Gustave

born April 6, 1826, Paris, France
died April 18, 1898, Paris

French painter.

He developed a distinctive style in the Symbolist mode, becoming known for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious subjects. Such works as Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864) and Dance of Salome (1876) have often been described as decadent. He made a number of technical experiments, including scraping his canvases; his nonfigurative paintings, done in a loose manner with thick impasto, have led some to call him a herald of Abstract Expressionism.

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▪ French painter
born April 6, 1826, Paris, France
died April 18, 1898, Paris

      French Symbolist (Symbolist movement) painter known for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious subjects.

      The only influence that really affected Moreau's development was that of his master, Théodore Chassériau (Chassériau, Théodore) (1819–56), an eclectic painter whose depictions of enigmatic sea goddesses deeply impressed his student. In the Salon of 1853 he exhibited “Scene from the Song of Songs” and the “Death of Darius,” both conspicuously under the influence of Chassériau.

      Moreau's “Oedipus and the Sphinx” (1864; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City) and his “The Apparition (Dance of Salome)” (c. 1876; Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass.) and “Dance of Salome” (c. 1876; Musée Gustave Moreau, Paris) show his work becoming increasingly concerned with exotic eroticism and violence, and his richly crowded canvases made greater use of dramatic lighting to heighten his brilliant, jewel-like colours. His last work, “Jupiter and Sémélé” (1896; Musée Gustave Moreau), is the culmination of such tendencies. Moreau's art has often been described as decadent. He made a number of technical experiments, including scraping his canvases; and his nonfigurative paintings, done in a loose manner with thick impasto, have led him to be called a herald of Abstract Expressionism.

      Moreau succeeded Elie Delaunay as professor at the École des Beaux-Arts, and his teaching was highly popular. He was a very influential teacher of some of the artists of the Fauve movement, including Matisse and Rouault. At his death, Moreau left to the state his house and about 8,000 works, which now form the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moreau, Gustave — (1826 1898)    painter    Born in Paris, where he studied art, Gustave Moreau traveled to Italy (1857 59), where he produced a number of works based on the paintings of Michelangelo, carpaccio, Mantegna, and Gozzoli. He received notoriety at the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Moreau, Gustave — (4/6/1826 Paris 4/18/1898 Paris) (France)    Painter and art professor. Studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris under F. E. Picot. One of the most important Symbolist painters of the 19th century. A remarkably prolific artist, his rich… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Moreau, Gustave — ► (1826 98) Pintor francés. Expuso por primera vez en el Salón de 1852 una Piedad, con claras influencias de Delacroix. * * * (6 abr. 1826, París, Francia–18 abr. 1898, París). Pintor francés. Desarrolló un estilo distintivo adscrito a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustave Moreau — Gustave Moreau, 1850. Edipo y la esfinge (1864) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gustave Moreau — (April 6, 1826 ndash; April 18, 1898) was a French Symbolist painter. He was born and died in Paris.Moreau s main focus was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures. As a painter of literary ideas rather than visual images, he… …   Wikipedia

  • Moreau — Moreau, Gustave Moreau, Jean Victor Moreau, Jeanne * * * (as used in expressions) Gottschalk, Louis Moreau Moreau, Gustave Moreau, Jeanne …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • moreau — moreau, elle [ mɔro, ɛl ] adj. • morel v. 1240; lat. pop. °maurellus « brun comme un Maure » ♦ Se dit d un cheval qui est d un noir luisant. Chevaux moreaux, jument morelle. ♢ Subst. Un moreau. ⊗ HOM. Moraux (moral). Moreau (Gustave) (1826 1898)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave Moreau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moreau. {{Infobox Artiste |nom = Gustave Moreau |image =GustaveMoreau02.jpg |taille image =150px |légende = Autoportrait de Gustave Moreau, 1850 |nom de naissance = |date de naissance =6 avril 1826… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moreau — /maw roh /; Fr. /maw rddoh /, n. 1. Gustave /gyuus tannv /, 1826 98, French painter. 2. Jeanne /zhahn/, born 1928, French film actress. 3. Jean Victor /zhahonn veek tawrdd /, 1763 1813, French general. * * * (as used in expressions) Gottschalk… …   Universalium

  • Gustave — /gus tahv/; Fr. /gyuus tannv /, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning staff of God. * * * (as used in expressions) Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant Caillebotte Gustave Courbet Gustave Doré Gustave Paul Flaubert Gustave Gamelin… …   Universalium

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