Moravia, Alberto

orig. Alberto Pincherle

born Nov. 28, 1907, Rome, Italy
died Sept. 26, 1990, Rome

Italian journalist, novelist, and short-story writer.

He worked as a journalist in Turin and as a foreign correspondent in London. Time of Indifference (1929), his first novel, is a scathing study of middle-class moral corruption. His works were censored by Benito Mussolini's fascists and placed on the Index librorum prohibitorum. Later important novels, many of them portrayals of social alienation and loveless sexuality, include The Conformist (1951; film, 1971), Two Women (1957; film, 1961), and The Empty Canvas (1960). His books of short stories include Roman Tales (1954) and More Roman Tales (1959). He was married to the writer Elsa Morante (1918–85).

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▪ Italian writer
pseudonym of  Alberto Pincherle  
born Nov. 28, 1907, Rome, Italy
died Sept. 26, 1990, Rome
 Italian journalist, short-story writer, and novelist known for his fictional portrayals of social alienation and loveless sexuality. He was a major figure in 20th-century Italian literature.

      Moravia contracted tuberculosis of the bone (a form of osteomyelitis usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis) at the age of 8, but, during several years in which he was confined to bed and two years in sanatoriums, he studied French, German, and English; read Giovanni Boccaccio, Ludovico Ariosto, William Shakespeare, and Molière; and began to write. Moravia was a journalist for a time in Turin and a foreign correspondent in London. His first novel, Gli indifferenti (1929; Time of Indifference), is a scathingly realistic study of the moral corruption of a middle-class mother and two of her children. It became a sensation. Some of his more important novels are Agostino (1944; Two Adolescents); La Romana (1947; The Woman of Rome); La disubbidienza (1948; Disobedience); and Il conformista (1951; The Conformist), all on themes of isolation and alienation. La ciociara (1957; Two Women) tells of an adaptation to post-World War II Italian life. La noia (1960; The Empty Canvas) is the story of a painter unable to find meaning either in love or work. Many of Moravia's books were made into motion pictures.

      His books of short stories include Racconti romani (1954; Roman Tales) and Nuovi racconti romani (1959; More Roman Tales). Racconti di Alberto Moravia (1968) is a collection of earlier stories. Later short-story collections include Il paradiso (1970; “Paradise”) and Boh (1976; The Voice of the Sea and Other Stories).

      Most of Moravia's works deal with emotional aridity, isolation, and existential frustration and express the futility of either sexual promiscuity or conjugal love as an escape. Critics have praised the author's stark, unadorned style, his psychological penetration, his narrative skill, and his ability to create authentic characters and realistic dialogue.

      Moravia's views on literature and realism are expressed in a stimulating book of essays, L'uomo come fine (1963; Man as an End), and his autobiography, Alberto Moravia's Life, was published in 1990. He was married for a time to the novelist Elsa Morante.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moravia, Alberto — (Alberto Pincherle Moravia, Roma 1907 1990) scrittore; fondatore con Alberto Carocci di “Nuovi Argomenti”; commediografo e saggista; giornalista. collab./opere: “Pegaso”, “900”, “Prospettive”, “Il Mondo” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Moravia, Alberto — (pseud. Alberto Pincherle, 1907–1990)    One of Italy’s most prolific and controversial contemporary writers, Alberto Moravia was an exceptionally precocious novelist. Gli indifferenti (The Indifferent, 1929), his first novel, was published when… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Moravia,Alberto — Mo·ra·vi·a (mō räʹvē ə, vyä), Alberto. Pen name of Alberto Pincherle. 1907 1990. Italian writer best known for his novels, such as Time of Desecration (1978), which explore the alienation and ennui of the middle class. * * * …   Universalium

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  • Moravia, Alberto — pseud. di Pincherle, Alberto …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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  • Alberto Moravia — Alberto Moravia, pseudónimo de Alberto Pincherle, (nació en Roma el 28 de noviembre de 1907 murió en Roma el 26 de septiembre de 1990), fue un escritor y periodista italiano …   Wikipedia Español

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