Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel; and Montgolfier, Jacques-Étienne

born Aug. 26, 1740, Annonay, France
died June 26, 1810, Balaruc-les-Bains

born Jan. 6, 1745, Annonay, France
died Aug. 2, 1799, enroute from Lyon to Annonay

French designers of the hot-air balloon.

The brothers discovered that heated air collected in a lightweight bag would cause the bag to rise. In 1783 they demonstrated their discovery with a balloon that rose 3,000 ft (1,000 m) and remained aloft 10 minutes. Later that year they sent a sheep, a duck, and a rooster up as passengers, and they followed that experiment with the first manned untethered balloon flight.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne — ▪ French aviators also called the  Montgolfier brothers  Respectively,   born Aug. 26, 1740, Annonay, France died June 26, 1810, Balaruc les Bains born Jan. 6, 1745, Annonay, France died Aug. 2, 1799, enroute from Lyon to Annonay   French… …   Universalium

  • Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel — SUBJECT AREA: Aerospace [br] b. 26 August 1740 Vidalon lès Annonay, France d. 26 June 1810 Balaruc les Bains, France [br] French ballooning pioneer who, with his brother Jacques Etienne (b. 6 January 1745 Vidalon lès Annonay, France; d. 2 August… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Montgolfier,Joseph Michel — Mont·gol·fier (mŏnt gŏlʹfē ər, môɴ gôl fyāʹ), Joseph Michel. 1740 1810. French aeronautic inventor who with his brother Jacques Étienne (1745 1799) built and ascended in the first practical hot air balloon (1783). * * * …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Jacques — /zhahk/, n. a male given name, French form of Jacob or James. * * * (as used in expressions) Jacques Fournier Besson Jacques Bossuet Jacques Bénigne Brel Jacques Brissot de Warville Jacques Pierre Callot Jacques Cartier Jacques Chirac Jacques… …   Universalium

  • Étienne — Fr. /ay tyen /, n. Estienne (def. 1). * * * (as used in expressions) Bonnet Georges Étienne Boullée Étienne Louis Cartier Sir George Étienne Baronet Choiseul Étienne François de Choiseul duke de Condillac Étienne Bonnot de Henri II Étienne… …   Universalium

  • Michel — (as used in expressions) Claude Michel Michel de Notredame Adanson Michel Aflaq Michel Debré Michel Jean Pierre Fokine Michel Foucault Michel Paul La Galissonnière Roland Michel Barrin marquis de Louvois François Michel Le Tellier marquis de Mont …   Universalium

  • Montgolfier brothers — Joseph Michel Montgolfier Born 26 August 1740(1740 08 26) Annonay, Ardèche, France Died 26 June 1810(1810 06 26) (aged 69) …   Wikipedia

  • Montgolfier — /mont gol fee euhr/; Fr. /mawonn gawl fyay /, n. Jacques Étienne /zhahk ay tyen /, 1745 99, and his brother Joseph Michel /zhaw zef mee shel /, 1740 1810, French aeronauts: inventors of the first practical balloon 1783. * * * …   Universalium

  • Michel Doublet — (born 26 September 1939) is a French politician and a member of the Senate of France. He represents the Charente Maritime department and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement Party. References Page on the Senate website …   Wikipedia

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