Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley
orig. Lady Mary Pierrepontdied Aug. 21, 1762, London) English writer, the most colourful Englishwoman of her time.A prolific letter writer, Montagu is remembered chiefly for 52 superb letters chronicling her stay in Constantinople, where her husband was ambassador from 1716 to 1718. On their return, they introduced the Middle Eastern practice of smallpox vaccination into England. Also a poet, essayist, feminist, and eccentric, she was a friend of John Gay and Alexander Pope, who later turned against and satirized her. Among her writings are six "town eclogues," witty adaptations of Virgil; a lively attack on Jonathan Swift (1734); and essays dealing with feminism and the moral cynicism of her time.
* * *▪ British authornée Pierrepontbaptized May 26, 1689, London, Eng.died Aug. 21, 1762, Londonthe most colourful Englishwoman of her time and a brilliant and versatile writer.Her literary genius, like her personality, had many facets. She is principally remembered as a prolific letter writer in almost every epistolary style; she was also a distinguished minor poet, always competent, sometimes glittering and genuinely eloquent. She is further remembered as an essayist, feminist, traveler, and eccentric. Her beauty was marred by a severe attack of smallpox while she was still a young woman, and she later pioneered in England the practice of inoculation against the disease, having noticed the effectiveness of this precaution during a stay in Turkey.The daughter of the 5th Earl of Kingston and Lady Mary Fielding (a cousin of the novelist Henry Fielding), she eloped with Edward Wortley Montagu, a Whig member of Parliament, rather than accept a marriage that had been arranged by her father. In 1714 the Whigs came to power, and Edward Wortley Montagu was in 1716 appointed ambassador to Turkey, taking up residence with his wife in Constantinople (now Istanbul). After his recall in 1718, they bought a house in Twickenham, west of London. For reasons not wholly clear, Lady Mary's relationship with her husband was by this time merely formal and impersonal.At Twickenham Lady Mary embarked upon a period of intense literary activity. She had earlier written a set of six “town eclogues” that were witty adaptations of the Roman poet Virgil. In these, she was helped by her friends John Gay and Alexander Pope (Pope, Alexander) (who later turned against her, satirizing her in The Dunciad and elsewhere, to which attacks Lady Mary replied with spirit, though she quickly abandoned poetic warfare). Among the works that she then composed was an anonymous and lively attack on the satirist Jonathan Swift (1734), a play, Simplicity (written c. 1735), adapted from the French of Pierre Marivaux, and a series of crisp essays dealing obliquely with politics and directly with feminism and the moral cynicism of her time.In 1736 Lady Mary became infatuated with Francesco Algarotti (Algarotti, Francesco), an Italian writer on the arts and sciences who had come to London to further his career, and she proposed that they live together in Italy. She set out in 1739, pretending to her husband and friends that she was traveling to the continent for reasons of health. Algarotti, however, did not join her, for he had been summoned to Berlin by Frederick II the Great, from whom he could expect greater rewards; and, when at length they met in Turin (1741), it proved a disagreeable experience. In 1742 she settled in the papal state of Avignon, France, where she lived until 1746. She then returned to Italy with the young Count Ugo Palazzi, with whom she lived for the next 10 years in the Venetian province of Brescia. Her letters from there to her daughter Mary, the Countess of Bute, contain descriptions of her essentially simple life. In 1756 she moved to Venice and, after her husband's death in 1761, began planning her return to England. She set out in September of that year and was reunited with her daughter. Discontented in London, she would have returned to Italy; but she was seriously ill with cancer and died only seven months after her homecoming.Lady Mary's literary reputation chiefly rests on 52 superb Turkish embassy letters, which she wrote after her return as the ambassador's wife in Constantinople, using her actual letters and journals as source material. The letters were published in 1763 from an unauthorized copy and were acclaimed throughout Europe. Later editions of her letters, sanctioned by her family, added selections from her personal letters together with most of her poetry. The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, 3 vol. (ed. Robert Halsband, 1965–67), was the first full edition of Lady Mary's letters.
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Montagu,Lady Mary Wortley — Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley. 1689 1762. English writer noted for her erudite and amusing letters, first published in Turkish Letters (1763). * * * … Universalium
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley — orig. Lady Mary Pierrepont (bautizada 26 may. 1689, Londres, Inglaterra–21 ago. 1762, Londres). Escritora inglesa, la mujer más original de su época. Una escritora prolífica, Montagu es recordada principalmente por sus 52 magníficas cartas en que … Enciclopedia Universal
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley — (1689 1762) She was born in London to Evelyn Pierrepont, the wealthy Earl of Kingston, where she became a friend of Mary Astell, the defender of woman s rights (see entry). In 1712, she secretly married Edward Worley Montagu, a Whig member of… … British and Irish poets
MONTAGU, LADY MARY WORTLEY — an English lady, born in Nottinghamshire, celebrated for her wit and beauty, and for her Letters on the Manners of the East (1690 1762) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley — (1689 1762) WM On death of Wolfe, 239. Bib.: Dict. Nat. Biog … The makers of Canada
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley (Pierrepont) — (1690 1762) Letter writer, was the eldest dau. of the 1st Duke of Kingston. In her youth she combined the attractions of a reigning beauty and a wit. Her early studies were encouraged and assisted by Bishop Burnet, and she was the friend of… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu — Mary Wortley Montagu, by Charles Jervas, after 1716. The Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (15 May 1689 – 21 August 1762) was an English aristocrat and writer. Montagu is today chiefly remembered for her letters, particularly her letters from Turkey, as… … Wikipedia
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu — Mary Wortley Montagu Lady Mary Wortley Montagu par Charles Jervas Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (26 mai 1689 21 août 1762), est une écrivaine britannique. Mary Pierrepont était la fille aînée du Duc de Kingston. Enfant précoce, elle apprit seule le… … Wikipédia en Français
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu — Mary Wortley Montagu Portrait von Charles Jervas, nach 1716. Mary Wortley Montagu (* 26. Mai 1689 in London; † 21. August 1762 ebenda) war eine englische Schriftstellerin, die durch ihre Briefe und Gedichte berühmt wurde … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mary Wortley Montagu — Porträt von Charles Jervas, nach 1716. Mary Wortley Montagu (* 26. Mai 1689 in London; † 21. August 1762 ebenda) war eine englische Schriftstellerin, die durch ihre Briefe und Gedichte berühmt wurde … Deutsch Wikipedia