Modersohn-Becker, Paula

orig. Paula Becker

born Feb. 8, 1876, Dresden, Ger.
died Nov. 30, 1907, Worpswede

German painter.

After studying art in London and Paris, she became one of the first artists to introduce French Post-Impressionism into German art. While her early work is meticulously naturalistic, her later paintings, such as Self-Portrait with a Camellia (1907), combine a lyrical naturalism with the broad areas of simplified colour characteristic of Paul Gauguin and Paul Cézanne. Since her painting is more concerned with the expression of her inner feelings than with the accurate portrayal of reality, she is frequently called an Expressionist. She died at 31 while giving birth to her first child.

Self-Portrait with a Camellia, oil on canvas by Paula Modersohn-Becker, 1907; in the Museum ...

Courtesy of the Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany.

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▪ German painter
original name  Paula Becker 
born February 8, 1876, Dresden, Germany
died November 30, 1907, Worpswede
 German painter who helped introduce into German art the styles of late 19th-century Post-Impressionist (Post-Impressionism) painters such as Paul Cézanne (Cézanne, Paul), Paul Gauguin (Gauguin, Paul), and Vincent van Gogh (Gogh, Vincent van).

      Becker was interested in art at an early age and began to study drawing in 1888, when her family moved to Bremen, Germany. Sent to England to complete her education, she attended St. John's Wood School of Art. Upon her return to Germany, the artist trained to become a teacher and then attended (1896–98) the traditional School for Women Artists in Berlin.

      In 1898, as a pupil of Fritz Mackenson, Becker joined the Worpswede school, a group of regional artists who lived at an artists' colony near Bremen. Like many of the painters there, she created sentimental landscapes and scenes of peasant life. At Worpswede she formed a friendship with the sculptor Clara Westhoff (who later married the poet Rainer Maria Rilke (Rilke, Rainer Maria)), and in 1900 they traveled together to Paris, where she was influenced by the Post-Impressionist paintings of Paul Cézanne (Cézanne, Paul).

      In 1901 the artist married Otto Modersohn, another painter at Worpswede. She spent two more periods of study in Paris in 1903 and 1905, and the contemporary art she discovered there made her increasingly dissatisfied with the aims of the Worpswede artists. The work of Cézanne, Gauguin, and other French artists, such as those of the Nabis group, inspired her to use simplified forms and symbolic, rather than naturalistic, colour. She left her husband in 1906 to settle in Paris, where she painted the expressive and often nude self-portraits that are her most highly regarded works. Her husband followed her there later that year, and she returned to Worpswede with him in 1907.

      Modersohn-Becker's style continued to evolve; in her mature paintings, such as Self-Portrait with a Camellia (1907), she combined a lyrical naturalism with broad areas of simplified colour reminiscent of Gauguin and Cézanne. Because she was more interested in the expression of her inner feelings than in an accurate portrayal of reality, she is frequently associated with the Expressionist (Expressionism) style. She died shortly after giving birth to her only child.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Modersohn-Becker, Paula — orig. Paula Becker (8 feb. 1876, Dresde, Alemania–30 nov. 1907, Worpswede). Pintora alemana. Luego de estudiar arte en Londres y París, fue una de las primeras artistas en introducir el postimpresionismo francés en el arte alemán. Aunque sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Modersohn-Becker — Paula Modersohn Becker Pour les articles homonymes, voir Becker. Autoportrait aux camélias (Die Malerin mit Kamelienzweig) 1907 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paula modersohn-becker — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Becker. Autoportrait aux camélias (Die Malerin mit Kamelienzweig) 1907 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paula Modersohn-Becker — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paula Modersohn Becker …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paula Modersohn-Becker — (February 8, 1876 – November 21, 1907) was a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism. In a brief career, cut short by an embolism at the age of 31, she created a number of groundbreaking images of great …   Wikipedia

  • Modersohn-Becker — Selbstporträt mit Kamelienzweig, 1907 Die Malerin Paula Modersohn Becker (* 8. Februar 1876 in Dresden Friedrichstadt; † 20. November 1907 in Worpswede) war eine der bedeutendsten Vertreterinnen des frühen Expressionismus. In den knapp vierzehn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paula Modersohn-Becker — Selbstporträt mit Kamelienzweig, 1907 Paula Modersohn Becker (* 8. Februar 1876 in Dresden Friedrichstadt; † 20. November 1907 in Worpswede) war eine deutsche Malerin und eine der bedeutendsten Vertreterinnen des frühen Expressionismus. In den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paula Modersohn-Becker — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Becker. Autoportrait aux camélias (Die Malerin mit Kamelienzweig) 1907 (62 x 31 cm) Musée Folkwang …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paula Modersohn-Becker Museum — Musée Paula Modersohn Becker Musée Paula Modersohn Becker Le musée Paula Modersohn Becker (Paula Modersohn Becker Museum en allemand) est un musée situé à Brême sur la célèbre rue Böttcherstraße, en Allemagne. Il propose une sélection de quelques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paula Modersohn-Becker Museum — in der Bremer Böttcherstraße Das Paula Modersohn Becker Museum ist ein in den 1920er Jahren erbautes Museum in Bremen. Es ist das erste Museum weltweit, das dem Werk einer Künstlerin gewidmet wurde. Hauptwerke aus allen Schaffensphasen belegen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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