orig. Lucila Godoy Alcayagaborn April 7, 1889, Vicuña, Chiledied Jan. 10, 1957, Hempstead, N.Y., U.S.Chilean poet.Mistral combined writing with a career as a cultural minister and diplomat and as a professor in the U.S. Her reputation as a poet was established in 1914 when she won a prize for three "Sonnets of Death." Her passionate lyrics, with love of children and of the downtrodden as principal themes, are collected in such volumes as Desolación (1922), Tala (1938), and Lagar (1954). In 1945 she became the first Latin American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.Gabriela Mistral, 1941.Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
* * *▪ Chilean poetpseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayagaborn April 7, 1889, Vicuña, Chiledied January 10, 1957, Hempstead, New York, U.S.Chilean poet, who in 1945 became the first Latin American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.Of Spanish, Basque, and Indian descent, Mistral grew up in a village of northern Chile and became a schoolteacher at age 15, advancing later to the rank of college professor. Throughout her life she combined writing with a career as an educator, cultural minister, and diplomat; her diplomatic assignments included posts in Madrid, Lisbon, Genoa, and Nice.Her reputation as a poet was established in 1914 when she won a Chilean prize for three "Sonetos de la muerte" (“Sonnets of Death”). They were signed with the name by which she has since been known, which she coined from those of two of her favourite poets, Gabriele D'Annunzio (D'Annunzio, Gabriele) and Frédéric Mistral (Mistral, Frédéric). A collection of her early works, Desolación (1922; “Desolation”), includes the poem "Dolor," detailing the aftermath of a love affair that was ended by the suicide of her lover. Because of this tragedy, she never married, and a haunting, wistful strain of thwarted maternal tenderness informs her work. Ternura (1924, enlarged 1945; “Tenderness”), Tala (1938; “Destruction”), and Lagar (1954; “The Wine Press”) evidence a broader interest in humanity, but love of children and of the downtrodden remained her principal themes.Mistral's extraordinarily passionate verse, which is frequently coloured by figures and words peculiarly her own, is marked by warmth of feeling and emotional power. Selections of her poetry have been translated into English by the American writer Langston Hughes (1957; reissued 1972), by Mistral's secretary and companion Doris Dana (1957; reissued 1971), by American writer Ursula K. Le Guin (2003), and by Paul Burns and Salvador Ortiz-Carboneres (2005). A Gabriela Mistral Reader (1993; reissued in 1997) was translated by Maria Giachetti and edited by Marjorie Agosín. Selected Prose and Prose-Poems (2002) was translated by Stephen Tapscott.Additional ReadingMistral's life and work are discussed in Margot Arce de Vázquez, Gabriela Mistral: The Poet and Her Work (1964; originally published in Spanish, 1958); Marie-Lise Gazarian-Gautier, Gabriela Mistral: The Teacher from the Valley of Elqui (1975; originally published in Spanish, 1973); and William J. Castleman, Beauty and the Mission of the Teacher (1982).
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Mistral,Gabriela — Mistral, Gabriela. Pen name of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga. 1889 1957. Chilean poet whose works include Sonnets of Death (1914) and Tala (1938). She won the 1945 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * … Universalium
Mistral, Gabriela — ► (1889 1957) Seudónimo de Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, poetisa chilena. Su lírica, emotiva y delicada, es de filiación modernista, esp. su libro Desolación (1922). Otras obras suyas son Ternura (1924), colección de poemas infantiles, Tala (1938), en… … Enciclopedia Universal
Mistral, Gabriela — pseud. di Godoy de Alcayaga, Lucila … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Gabriela Mistral — Gabriela Mistral, Pseudonym für Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, (* 7. April 1889 in Vicuña, Chile; † 10. Januar 1957 in Hempstead, New York) war eine chilenische Dichterin und Diplomatin. Im Jahr 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
MISTRAL (G.) — Quand l’Académie royale de Suède, en 1945, décerna le prix Nobel de littérature à la Chilienne Gabriela Mistral, elle n’entendait pas seulement honorer – pour la première fois – la littérature sud américaine; elle avait expressément choisi de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Gabriela Mistral — Para otros usos de este término, véase Gabriela Mistral (desambiguación). Gabriela Mistral … Wikipedia Español
Gabriela Mistral — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mistral. Gabriela Mistral Activités Poétesse … Wikipédia en Français
Gabriela Mistral — Infobox Writer name = Gabriela Mistral awards = awd|Nobel Prize in Literature|1945 birthname = Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga birthdate = birth date|1889|4|7|mf=y birthplace = Vicuña, Chile deathdate = death date and… … Wikipedia
Gabriela — Gabriele oder Gabriela ist ein weiblicher Vorname (hebr. Held Gottes). Evangelischer Namenstag ist am 24. März. Der katholische Namenstag ist am 29. September. Einer der Erzengel der Bibel heißt Gabriel. Gabriele ist im Deutschen die weibliche… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mistral — (Del cat. ant. maestral.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino METEOROLOGÍA Viento que sopla en el litoral mediterráneo francés, de dirección intermedia entre poniente y norte o tramontana. TAMBIÉN maestral * * * mistral (del occit. «mistral») adj. y … Enciclopedia Universal