Minuit, Peter

born с 1589, Wesel, Kleve
died June 1638, Caribbean Sea

Dutch colonial governor of New Netherland.

In 1626 the Dutch West India Co. named him director general of the colony on Manhattan Island. According to legend, to legitimize Dutch occupation of the island he persuaded the Indians to sell it for a handful of trinkets worth about 60 guilders ($24). At the island's southern tip he founded New Amsterdam. He was recalled to Holland (1631) and later was sent to establish the colony of New Sweden on Delaware Bay, where he again purchased land from the Indians and built Fort Christina (later Wilmington, Del.) in 1638.

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▪ Dutch colonial governor
Minuit also spelled  Minnewit  
born c. 1580, , Wesel, Kleve [Germany]
died June 1638, Caribbean Sea
 Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam who is mainly remembered for his fabulous purchase of Manhattan Island (the nucleus of New York City) from the Indians for a mere 60 guilders.

 Though probably of French or Walloon ancestry, Minuit wrote in Dutch and was a deacon in the local Dutch Church in his hometown of Wesel in Germany. In 1625 he left Wesel, perhaps in flight from the Spanish who had occupied the town, and from Holland he sailed to the Dutch colony of New Netherland. He apparently returned to Holland the same year, for in January 1626 he sailed westward again, arriving at the mouth of the Hudson River on May 4, 1626. On September 23 the Dutch West India Company named him director general of the colony on Manhattan. To legitimize European occupation of the territory, he called together the Indian sachems and persuaded them to sell the entire island for a handful of merchandise—mostly trinkets. On the southern tip he founded New Amsterdam (New York City), building a fort around which the early Dutch settlers could make their homes.

      In 1631 Governor Minuit was recalled to Holland, presumably for granting privileges to the patroons at the expense of the Dutch West India Company. A few years later he entered Swedish service and was given command of two vessels of mainly Swedish colonists, who established (March 1638) New Sweden—the first settlement on the Delaware River. There Minuit again purchased land from the Indians and built Fort Christina (later Wilmington). On a trading expedition soon after to the island of Saint Christopher in the West Indies, Minuit was lost at sea in a hurricane.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Minuit,Peter — Min·u·it (mĭnʹyo͞o ĭt) also Min·ne·wit ( ə wĭt), Peter. 1580 1638. Dutch colonial administrator who purchased Manhattan from the Wappinger for trade goods legendarily valued at $24. * * * …   Universalium

  • Minuit, Peter — ( 1589, Wesel, Kleve–jun. 1638, mar Caribe). Gobernador colonial holandés de Nueva Holanda. En 1626 la Compañía Holandesa de las Indias Occidentales lo nombró director general de la colonia de la isla de Manhattan. Según la leyenda, para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Minuit — Peter Minuit, dritter Gouverneur von Nieuw Nederland Peter Minuit (irrtümliche Schreibweise: Minnewitt), (* zwischen 1585 und 1594 in Wesel, Herzogtum Kleve; † im August 1638 vor St. Christopher, Westindische Inseln) war ein niederländischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Minnewitt — Peter Minuit, dritter Gouverneur von Nieuw Nederland Peter Minuit (irrtümliche Schreibweise: Minnewitt), (* zwischen 1585 und 1594 in Wesel, Herzogtum Kleve; † im August 1638 vor St. Christopher, Westindische Inseln) war ein niederländischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Minuit — Infobox Officeholder name = Peter Minuit imagesize = caption = order = 3rd office = Director General of New Netherland term start = 1626 term end = 1632 predecessor = Willem Verhulst successor = Sebastiaen Jansen Krol birth date = birth place =… …   Wikipedia

  • peter — peter1 /pee teuhr/, v.i. peter out 1. to diminish gradually and stop; dwindle to nothing: The hot water always peters out in the middle of my shower. 2. to tire; exhaust (usually used as a past participle): I m petered out after that walk. [1805… …   Universalium

  • Peter — /pee teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Simon Peter. died A.D. 67?, one of the 12 apostles and the reputed author of two of the Epistles. 2. either of these two Epistles in the New Testament, I Peter or II Peter. 3. a word formerly used in communications… …   Universalium

  • Peter — (as used in expressions) Altgeld, John Peter Behrens, Peter Lawrence Peter Berra Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) Carey, Peter (Philip) Cooper, Peter Davies, Sir Peter Maxwell Debye, Peter Doherty, Peter Charles Dunne, Finley Pe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peter Minnewit — noun Dutch colonist who bought Manhattan from the Native Americans for the equivalent of $24 (1580 1638) • Syn: ↑Minuit, ↑Peter Minuit, ↑Minnewit • Instance Hypernyms: ↑settler, ↑colonist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peter Minuit — (irrtümliche Schreibweise: Minnewitt), (* zwischen 1585 und 1594 in Wesel, Herzogtum Kleve; † im August 1638 vor St. Christopher, Westindische Inseln) war ein niederländischer Seefahrer und vermeintlicher Begründer von Nieuw Amsterdam (New York) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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