Mendeleyev, Dmitry (Ivanovich)

Mendeleyev also spelled Mendeleev

born Feb. 8, 1834, Tobolsk, Siberia, Russia
died Feb. 2, 1907, St. Petersburg

Russian chemist.

He taught at the University of St. Petersburg (1867–90) and later served as director of Russia's bureau of weights and measures. He made a fundamental contribution to chemistry by establishing in 1869 the principle of periodicity of the elements. His first periodic table was based on arranging the elements in ascending order of atomic weight and grouping them by similarity of properties. Mendeleyev's theory allowed him to predict the existence and atomic weights of several elements not discovered until years later.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mendeleyev, Dmitry Ivanovich — ▪ Russian scientist Introduction Mendeleyev also spelled  Mendeleev   born January 27 (February 8, New Style), 1834, Tobolsk, Siberia, Russian Empire died January 20 (February 2), 1907, St. Petersburg, Russia  Russian chemist who developed the… …   Universalium

  • Ivanovich — (as used in expressions) Alferov Zhores Ivanovich Bukharin Nikolay Ivanovich Chaliapin Feodor Ivanovich Chuikov Vasily Ivanovich Denikin Anton Ivanovich Fyodor Ivanovich Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich Guchkov Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Dmitry — (as used in expressions) Dmitry False Mendeleyev Dmitry Ivanovich Shostakovich Dmitry Dmitriyevich * * * …   Universalium

  • Mendeleyev — biographical name Dmitry Ivanovich 1834 1907 Russian chemist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • chemistry — /kem euh stree/, n., pl. chemistries. 1. the science that deals with the composition and properties of substances and various elementary forms of matter. Cf. element (def. 2). 2. chemical properties, reactions, phenomena, etc.: the chemistry of… …   Universalium

  • atom — /at euhm/, n. 1. Physics. a. the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element, consisting of a nucleus containing combinations of neutrons and protons and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus by electrical… …   Universalium

  • periodic law — /pear ee od ik, pear /, Chem. 1. the law that the properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers. 2. Also called Mendeleev s law. (originally) the statement that the chemical and physical properties of the elements… …   Universalium

  • Dmitri Mendeleev — in 1897 Born 8 February 1834( …   Wikipedia

  • Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin Eduardovich — ▪ Soviet scientist born Sept. 5 [Sept. 17, New Style], 1857, Izhevskoye, Russia died Sept. 19, 1935, Kaluga, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics who pioneered rocket and space (space exploration)… …   Universalium

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