Mendele Moykher Sforim
or Mendele Mokher Sefarim orig. Sholem Yankev Abramovitsh(Yiddish; "Mendele the Book Peddler")born Nov. 20, 1835, Kopyl, near Minsk, Russiadied Dec. 8, 1917, OdessaRussian author.He lived much of his life in Ukraine, becoming a rabbi and head of a traditional school (Talmud Torah) at Odessa. His stories, written with lively humour and gentle satire, are invaluable in the study of Jewish life in Eastern Europe at the time when its traditional structure was giving way. His greatest work is The Travels and Adventures of Benjamin the Third (1875), a panorama of Jewish life in Russia. He is considered the founder of both modern Yiddish and modern Hebrew narrative literature and the creator of modern literary Yiddish.
* * *▪ Russian-Jewish authorMoykher also spelled Mokher or Mocher , Sforim also spelled Seforim or Sefarim , pseudonym of Sholem Yankev Abramovitshborn Nov. 20, 1835, Kopyl, near Minsk, Russia [now in Belarus]died Dec. 8, 1917, Odessa [now in Ukraine]Jewish author, founder of both modern Yiddish and modern Hebrew (Hebrew language) narrative literature and the creator of modern literary Yiddish. He adopted his pseudonym, which means “Mendele the Itinerant Bookseller,” in 1879.Mendele published his first article, on the reform of Jewish education, in the first volume of the first Hebrew weekly, ha-Maggid (1856). He lived from 1858 to 1869 at Berdichev in the Ukraine, where he began to write fiction. One of his short stories was published in 1863, and his major novel ha-Avot ve-ha-banim (“Fathers and Sons”) appeared in 1868, both in Hebrew. In Yiddish he published a short novel, Dos kleyne mentshele (1864; “The Little Man”; Eng. trans. The Parasite), in the Yiddish periodical Kol mevaser (“The Herald”), which was itself founded at Mendele's suggestion. He also adapted into Hebrew H.O. Lenz's Gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte, 3 vol. (1862–72).Disgusted with the woodenness of the Hebrew literary style of his time, which closely imitated that of the Bible, Mendele for a time concentrated on writing stories and plays of social satire in Yiddish. His greatest work, Kitsur massous Binyomin hashlishi (1875; The Travels and Adventures of Benjamin the Third), is a kind of Jewish Don Quixote. After living from 1869 to 1881 in Zhitomir (where he was trained as a rabbi), he became head of a traditional school for boys (Talmud Torah) at Odessa and was the leading personality (known as “Grandfather Mendele”) of the emerging literary movement. In 1886 he again published a story in Hebrew (in the first Hebrew daily newspaper, ha-Yom [“Today”]), but in a new style that was a mixture of all previous periods of Hebrew. While continuing to write in Yiddish, he gradually rewrote most of his earlier Yiddish works in Hebrew. His stories, written with lively humour and sometimes biting satire, are an invaluable source for studying Jewish life in eastern Europe at the time when its traditional structure was giving way.Additional ReadingDavid Aberbach, Realism, Caricature, and Bias: The Fiction of Mendele Mocher Sefarim (1993); Theodore L. Steinberg, Mendele Mocher Seforim (1977).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Mendele Moykher Sforim — o Mendele Mokher Sefarim orig. Sholem Yankev Abramovitsh (yídish; Mendele el vendedor de libros ) (20 nov. 1835, Kopyl, cerca de Minsk, Rusia–8 dic. 1917, Odessa). Autor ruso. Vivió gran parte de su vida en Ucrania, se hizo rabino y fue director… … Enciclopedia Universal
Mendele Mocher Sforim — (also Moykher, also Sfarim, מענדעלע מוכר ספֿרים), December 21, 1835 (O.S.) = January 2, 1836 (N.S.), Kapyl November 25, 1917 (O.S.) = December 8, 1917 (N.S.). Mendele the book peddler, is the pseudonym of Sholem Yankev Abramovich, שלום יעקב… … Wikipedia
Mendele Moicher Sforim — Mendele âgé Mendele Moïkher Sforim (yiddish: מענדעלע מוכר ספֿרים Mendele le vendeur ambulant de livres , en hébreu, Mendele Mokher Sefarim) est le pseudonyme de Cholem Yakov Abramovich, un auteur Juif et un des fondateurs de la littérature… … Wikipédia en Français
Mendele — (as used in expressions) Mendele Moykher Sforim Mendele Mokher Sefarim Mendele the Book Peddler * * * … Universalium
Mendele — (as used in expressions) Mendele Moykher Sforim Mendele el vendedor de libros Mendele Mokher Sefarim … Enciclopedia Universal
ABRAMOVITSH, SHOLEM YANKEV — (Jacob, also Mendele Moykher Sforim; 1835 or 1836–1917), Hebrew and Yiddish writer, often called the grandfather of modern Judaic literature. Abramovitsh was born in Kapulia (Kopyl), near Minsk; he lived in Berdichev from 1858 to 1869 and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
YIDDISH LITERATURE — This articles is arranged according to the following outline: introduction UNTIL THE END OF THE 18TH CENTURY the bible in yiddish literature epic homiletic prose drama liturgy ethical literature Historical Songs and Writings transcriptions of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Yiddish literature — Introduction the body of written works produced in the Yiddish language of Ashkenazic (Ashkenazi) Jewry (central and eastern European Jews and their descendants). Yiddish literature culminated in the period from 1864 to 1939, inspired … Universalium
Yiddish literature — Jewish culture Visual Arts Visual Arts list … Wikipedia
SHALOM ALEICHEM — (Sholem Aleykhem; narrative persona and subsequent pseudonym of Sholem Rabinovitsh (Rabinovitz); 1859–1916), Yiddish prose writer and humorist born on February 18, 1859 (old style; March 2, new style), in Pereyaslav (today: Pereyaslav… … Encyclopedia of Judaism