Melbourne (of Kilmore), William Lamb, 2nd Viscount

born March 15, 1779, London, Eng.
died Nov. 24, 1848, Brocket, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire

British prime minister (1834, 1835–41).

A lawyer, he entered the House of Commons in 1806 and the House of Lords in 1829. Although a Whig, he served in Tory governments as chief secretary for Ireland (1827–28) and advocated political rights for Roman Catholics. He served as home secretary (1830–34) in Earl Grey's Whig government, reluctantly supporting the Reform Bill of 1832. As prime minister (1834), he gained the support of Whigs and moderate Tories and opposed further parliamentary reform and efforts to repeal the Corn Laws. In his second administration (1835–41), he became the young Queen Victoria's valued chief political adviser. His firm stand in foreign policy averted war with France over Syria (1840). His wife, Lady Caroline Lamb (1785–1828), was a minor novelist, famous for her affair with Lord Byron in 1812–13.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Melbourne, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount, Lord Melbourne, Baron of Kilmore, Baron Melbourne of Melbourne — ▪ prime minister of Great Britain born March 15, 1779, London, Eng. died Nov. 24, 1848, Brocket, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire  British prime minister from July 16 to Nov. 14, 1834, and from April 18, 1835, to Aug. 30, 1841. He was also Queen… …   Universalium

  • William Lamb, 2. Viscount Melbourne — William Lamb, 2. Viscount Melbourne, Baron of Kilmore, Baron Melbourne of Melbourne (* 15. März 1779 in London; † 24. November 1848 in Brocket Hall, Hertfordshire) war britischer Innenminister (home secretary, 1830–1834), Premierminister (1834… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne — (29 January 1745 22 July 1828), known as Sir Peniston Lamb, 2nd Baronet, from 1768 to 1770, was a British politician and the father of Prime Minister William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.Lamb was the son of Sir Matthew Lamb, 1st Baronet, and his… …   Wikipedia

  • Lamb — /lam/, n. 1. Charles ( Elia ), 1775 1834, English essayist and critic. 2. Harold A., 1892 1962, U.S. novelist. 3. Mary Ann, 1764 1847, English author who wrote in collaboration with her brother Charles Lamb. 4. William, 2nd Viscount Melbourne,… …   Universalium

  • viscount — /vuy kownt /, n. 1. a nobleman next below an earl or count and next above a baron. 2. Hist. a deputy of a count or earl. 3. (in England) a sheriff. [1350 1400; ME viscounte < AF; OF visconte (F vicomte), equiv. to vis VICE3 + counte COUNT2, trans …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • lamb — /lam/, n. 1. a young sheep. 2. the meat of a young sheep. 3. a person who is gentle, meek, innocent, etc.: Their little daughter is such a lamb. 4. a person who is easily cheated or outsmarted, esp. an inexperienced speculator. 5. the Lamb,… …   Universalium

  • Viscount Melbourne — Viscount Melbourne, of Kilmore in the County of Cavan, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland held by the Lamb family. This family descended from Matthew Lamb, who represented Stockbridge and Peterborough in the House of Commons. In 1755 he was… …   Wikipedia

  • Melbourne — Melburnian /mel berr nee euhn/, n., adj. /mel beuhrn/, n. 1. 2nd Viscount. See Lamb, William. 2. a seaport in and the capital of Victoria, in SE Australia. 2,864,600. 3. a city on the E coast of Florida. 44,536. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 3,417 …   Universalium

  • Senior, Nassau William — ▪ British economist born September 26, 1790, Compton Beauchamp, Berkshire, England died June 4, 1864, London       British classical economist who influenced the political and economic policies of his day.       Senior was educated at Eton and at …   Universalium

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