Meir, Golda

orig. Goldie Mabovitch later Goldie Myerson

born May 3, 1898, Kiev, Russian Empire
died Dec. 8, 1978, Jerusalem

Ukrainian-born Israeli stateswoman, fourth prime minister of Israel (1969–74).

Her family immigrated to Milwaukee, Wis., U.S., in 1906, where she became a leader of the Milwaukee Labor Zionist Party. In 1921 she and her husband immigrated to Palestine, where she emerged as a forceful negotiator with British authorities during World War II (1939–45). A signer of Israel's declaration of independence in 1948, she served in the Knesset (parliament; 1949–74) and held the posts of minister of labour (1949–56) and foreign minister (1956–66). As prime minister, she sought diplomatic solutions to ease the region's tensions. The failure of her government to anticipate an Arab attack during the Yom Kippur War of 1973 (see Arab-Israeli wars) led her to resign six months later.

Golda Meir

Dennis Brack
Black Star/EB Inc.

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▪ prime minister of Israel
original name  Goldie Mabovitch , later  Goldie Myerson 
born May 3, 1898, Kiev
died Dec. 8, 1978, Jerusalem
 a founder and fourth prime minister (1969–74) of the State of Israel.

      In 1906 Goldie Mabovitch's family emigrated to Milwaukee, Wis., where she attended the Milwaukee Normal School (now University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee) and later became a leader in the Milwaukee Labor Zionist Party. In 1921 she and her husband, Morris Myerson, emigrated to Palestine and joined the Merẖavya kibbutz. She became the kibbutz's representative to the Histadrut (General Federation of Labour), the secretary of that organization's Women's Labour Council (1928–32), and a member of its executive committee (1934 until World War II). During the war, she emerged as a forceful spokesman for the Zionist cause in negotiating with the British mandatory authorities. In 1946, when the British arrested and detained many Jewish activists, including Moshe Sharett (Sharett, Moshe), head of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency, Goldie Myerson provisionally replaced him and worked for the release of her comrades and the many Jewish war refugees who had violated British immigration regulations by settling in Palestine. Upon his release, Sharett took up diplomatic duties, and she officially took over his former position. She personally attempted to dissuade King Abdullah of Jordan from joining the invasion of Israel decided on by other Arab states.

      On May 14, 1948, Goldie Myerson was a signatory of Israel's independence declaration and that year was appointed minister to Moscow. She was elected to the Knesset (Israeli parliament) in 1949 and served in that body until 1974. As minister of labour (1949–56), she carried out major programs of housing and road construction and vigorously supported the policy of unrestricted Jewish immigration to Israel. Appointed foreign minister in 1956, she Hebraized her name to Golda Meir. She promoted the Israeli policy of assistance to the new African states aimed at enhancing diplomatic support among uncommitted nations. Shortly after retiring from the Foreign Ministry in January 1966, she became secretary general of the Mapai Party and supported Prime Minister Levi Eshkol (Eshkol, Levi) in intraparty conflicts. After Israel's victory in the Six-Day War (June 1967) against Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, she helped merge Mapai with two dissident parties into the Israel Labour Party.

      Upon Eshkol's death on Feb. 26, 1969, Meir, the compromise candidate, became prime minister. She maintained the coalition government that had emerged in June 1967. Meir pressed for a peace settlement in the Middle East by diplomatic means. She traveled widely, her meetings including those with Nicolae Ceauşescu in Romania (1972) and Pope Paul VI at the Vatican (1973). Also in 1973, Meir's government was host to Willy Brandt, chancellor of West Germany.

      Her efforts at forging a peace with the Arab states were halted by the outbreak in October 1973 of the fourth Arab–Israeli war, called the Yom Kippur War. Israel's lack of readiness for the war stunned the nation, and Meir formed a new coalition government only with great difficulty in March 1974 and resigned her post as prime minister on April 10. She remained in power as head of a caretaker government until a new one was formed in June. Although in retirement thereafter, she remained an important political figure. Upon her death it was revealed that she had had leukemia for 12 years. Her autobiography, My Life, was published in 1975.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meir, Golda — (formerly Meyerson) (1898 1978)    She was born Golda Mabovitch in Kiev, Russia, on 3 May 1898. In 1903, her family moved to Pinsk and, three years later, settled in Milwaukee. She graduated from high school in Milwaukee and attended the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Meir, Golda — ► (1898 1978) Política israelí. Afiliada a la organización sindical sionista, emigró a Palestina en 1921. Allí fue funcionaria de la Histadrut y miembro del Consejo sindical femenino. Tras la proclamación de la independencia de Israel fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Meir,Golda — Me·ir (mīʹər, mā ērʹ), Golda. Originally Goldie Mabovitch. 1898 1978. Russian born Israeli politician. After living in the United States (1906 1921), she moved to Palestine and later served as minister of labor (1949 1956), foreign minister (1956 …   Universalium

  • Meir, Golda — soprannome di Meyerson, Golda Mabovič …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Meir, Golda —  (1898–1978) Israeli prime minister (1969–1974) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Golda Meir — (1973) Golda Meir (hebräisch ‏גולדה מאיר‎, ursprünglich Golda Meyerson, geb. Mabowitsch; * 3. Mai 1898 in Kiew; † 8. Dezember 1978 in Jerusalem) war eine israel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Golda Meyerson — Golda Meir Golda Meir גולדה מאיר 4e Premier ministre israélien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Golda Meïr — Golda Meir Golda Meir גולדה מאיר 4e Premier ministre israélien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Golda Meyerson — Golda Meir (1973) Golda Meir (hebräisch ‏גולדה מאיר‎, ursprünglich Golda Meyerson, geb. Mabowitsch; * 3. Mai 1898 in Kiew; † 8. Dezember 1978 in Jerusalem) war eine israelische Politikerin. Sie war langjährige …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Golda Meïr — Golda Meir (1973) Golda Meir (hebräisch ‏גולדה מאיר‎, ursprünglich Golda Meyerson, geb. Mabowitsch; * 3. Mai 1898 in Kiew; † 8. Dezember 1978 in Jerusalem) war eine israelische Politikerin. Sie war langjährige …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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