- died 353 BCSatrap (governor) of Caria in South Asia Minor.Nominally under the control of the Persian empire, he took advantage of upheaval in Asia Minor to gain independence. He was influential among the Greek cities of Ionia and instigated the revolt of Athens's allies in 357. He endowed his capital, Halicarnassus, with fine buildings. His sister and wife, Artemisia II, finished building his tomb, the Mausoleum. It was designed by the Greek architect Pythius and considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
* * *▪ Persian satrapdied , 353/352 BCPersian satrap (governor), though virtually an independent ruler, of Caria, in southwestern Anatolia, from 377/376 to 353. He is best known from the name of his monumental tomb, the so-called Mausoleum—considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World—a word now used to designate any large and imposing burial structure.By moving his capital from Mylasa in the interior to Halicarnassus on the coast, Mausolus indicated that he would attempt to make Caria an expansionist power. In 362 he joined the revolt of the satraps of Anatolia against the Persian king Artaxerxes II (reigned 404–359/358) but abandoned the struggle just in time to keep from going down in defeat with his allies. Thereafter Mausolus was a nearly autonomous ruler who absorbed part of Lycia, immediately to the southeast, and several Ionian Greek cities northwest of Caria. He backed the islands of Rhodes, Cos, and Chios (all off the west coast of Anatolia) and their allies in their war against Athens (the Social War of 357–355), and the victory of this coalition brought Rhodes and Cos into his sphere of influence.The planning of his great tomb was begun by Mausolus; after his death, Artemisia, who was both his sister and his widow, directed the construction. Although now a ruin, the tomb was an enormous structure containing colossal figures of the Carian king and his queen. It was designed by the famous Greek architect Pythius and decorated with works by the Greek sculptors Scopas, Bryaxis, Timotheus, and Leochares.
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Mausolus — from Guillaume Rouillé s Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum (Lyon, 1555) Satrap of Caria Reign … Wikipedia
MAUSOLUS I — Cariae Rex, de quo Theopompus ait, eum nullâ re abstinuisse, pecuniae causâ. Suidas. Fuit autem provinciae Graeciae praefectus, quem Satrapam Persae vocant, Artemisiae, vide ibi, maritus, quae illum tam ingenti amore prosecuta est, ut eius fatô… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
MAUSOLUS. — a king of Caria, husband of Artemisia, who in 353 raised a monument to his memory, called the Mausoleum, and reckoned one of the Seven Wonders of the world … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
MAUSOLUS — a king of Caria, husband of Artemisia, who in 353 raised a monument to his memory, called the Mausoleum, and reckoned one of the Seven Wonders of the world … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Mausolus — n. (died c.355 BC) Persian ruler of the ancient Asian region of Caria (after his death, his wife built him a huge tomb, named the Mausoleum) … English contemporary dictionary
MAUSOLUS II. Sociali bello — cum Byzantinis, Rhodiis, Cois, et Sciis, contra Athenienses, iunctus … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Mausoleum — Mausolus, a satrap (governor) of Caria, in Asia Minor (now part of Turkey), was a virtually independent ruler of a part of the Persian kingdom. He had dreams of controlling larger territories, especially certain Greek islands that he coveted.… … Dictionary of eponyms
МАВСОЛ — • Mausōlus, Μαύσωλος, Μαύσολλος, отец Пиксодара Киндийского в Карии, предводитель карийцев, восставших против Дария Гистаспа (Hdt. 5, 118), галикарнасский тиран. После Гекатомна, который, будучи наместником в Карии с 390 г., по… … Реальный словарь классических древностей
Mausoleum of Maussollos — The Tomb of Mausolus, Mausoleum of Mausolus or Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (in Greek, polytonic|Μαυσωλεῖον της Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ ) was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian… … Wikipedia
ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… … Universalium