Marx, Karl (Heinrich)

born May 5, 1818, Trier, Rhine province, Prussia [Ger.]
died March 14, 1883, London, Eng.

German political philosopher, economic theorist, and revolutionary.

He studied humanities at the University of Bonn (1835) and law and philosophy at the University of Berlin (1836–41), where he was exposed to the works of G.W.F. Hegel. Working as a writer in Cologne and Paris (1842–45), he became active in leftist politics. In Paris he met Friedrich Engels, who would become his lifelong collaborator. Expelled from France in 1845, he moved to Brussels, where his political orientation matured and he and Engels made names for themselves through their writings. Marx was invited to join a secret left-wing group in London, for which he and Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto (1848). In that same year, Marx organized the first Rhineland Democratic Congress in Germany and opposed the king of Prussia when he dissolved the Prussian Assembly. Exiled, he moved to London in 1849, where he spent the rest of his life. He worked part-time as a European correspondent for the New York Tribune (1851–62) while writing his major critique of capitalism, Das Kapital (3 vol., 1867–94). He was a leading figure in the First International from 1864 until the defection of Mikhail Bakunin in 1872. See also Marxism; communism; dialectical materialism.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marx, Karl Heinrich — (1818–83)    German founder of ‘scientific’ socialism. Marx’s father, Heinrich, belonged to the generation of Jews that was abruptly emancipated by the French conquest of the Rhineland and had its rights abrogated equally abruptly after the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Marx, Karl Heinrich — (1818–1883)    The founder of Marxism through his extensive writings and his political activism, Karl Marx is one of the most influential political thinkers of all time. He was born in Trier, Germany, to a comfortably off middle class family that …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Marx, Karl Heinrich — ► (1818 83) Filósofo alemán de familia judía, fundador del socialismo científico y propulsor de la revolución proletaria. Escribió en colaboración con Engels, el Manifiesto Comunista (1848). De hecho, desde el año 1846, Marx y Engels se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marx, Karl (Heinrich) — (15 may. 1808, Treveris, Alemania–14 mar. 1883, Londres, Inglaterra). Filósofo político alemán, economista y revolucionario. Estudió humanidades en la Universidad de Bonn (1835) y derecho y filosofía en la Universidad de Berlín (1836–41), donde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Маркс Карл Генрих / Marx, Karl Heinrich — (1818 1883). Исходным пунктом научного социализма Маркса является учение о классовой борьбе. Оно служит ключом к двум из его самых известных учений: материалистическому пониманию истории и теории прибавочной стоимости …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Karl Heinrich Marx — Karl Marx Unterschrift Karl Heinrich Marx (* 5. Mai 1818 in Trier; † 14. März 1883 in London) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MARX, KARL — (1897–1966), German editor and publisher. Born in Saarlouis, Marx served in the German army in World War I and then worked as a freelance writer for the Havas news agency. He was prominent in politics during the Weimar period, particularly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Karl Heinrich Marx — Karl Marx Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marx. Karl Marx Philosophe Occidental Époque Moderne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karl-Heinrich Ulrichs — (1825 1895) Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (* 28. August 1825, Westerfeld, heute Stadtteil Kirchdorf in Aurich (Ostfriesland); † 14. Juli 1895, L’Aquila, Italien) war ein Vorkämpfer der Homosexuellen Bewegung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Heinrich Ulrichs — (1899) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.