Marston Moor, Battle of

(July 2, 1644) First major Royalist defeat in the English Civil Wars.

Royalist forces under Prince Rupert relieved the siege of York and pursued the Parliamentary forces to nearby Long Marston. A surprise counterattack by Parliamentary forces under Oliver Cromwell caused heavy losses to Royalist troops. With the fall of York, Charles I lost control of the north, and Cromwell emerged as the leading Parliamentary general.

* * *

England [1642]
 (July 2, 1644), the first major Royalist defeat in the English Civil Wars. In June 1644, King Charles I ordered a force under Prince Rupert (Rupert, Prince) of the Palatinate to relieve the Royalist garrison at York, then under siege by the Parliamentarians. Rupert outmaneuvered the besiegers, relieved York, and pursued the Parliamentary forces seven miles west to Long Marston. There the Parliamentary armies under Sir Thomas Fairfax (later 3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron), and a Scottish army under Alexander Leslie, the 1st earl of Leven, surprised Rupert with an early-evening attack. The left wing of the Parliamentary forces under Oliver Cromwell (Cromwell, Oliver) scattered the cavalry on the Royalist right wing; Cromwell's men then reformed and went to Fairfax's aid on the Parliamentary right, enveloping the Royalist centre. The Royalists suffered heavy losses—3,000 to 4,000 killed, many prisoners taken, and most of their cannon captured. With the fall of York, the King lost control of the north, and Oliver Cromwell emerged as the leading Parliamentary general.

Additional Reading
Two excellent accounts of the battle are Peter Young, Marston Moor, 1644: The Campaign and the Battle (1970, reissued 1997); and Peter Newman (P.R. Newman), The Battle of Marston Moor, 1644 (1981). Also useful is Newman's Marston Moor, 2 July 1644: The Sources and the Site (1978).John S. Morrill

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marston Moor, Battle of — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Battle of Marston Moor — Part of English Civil War The Battle of Marston Moor, by J. Barker …   Wikipedia

  • Marston Moor — moor in Yorkshire, N England: site of a battle (July 1644) of the English civil war in which Royalist forces were routed by the Parliamentarians …   English World dictionary

  • Marston Moor order of battle — This is the order of battle of the armies which fought on 2 July 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor. Contents 1 Scots and Parliamentarians 1.1 Scottish Army of the Solemn League and Covenant 1.2 Parliamentarian Army of the Eastern Association …   Wikipedia

  • Marston Moor — noun 1. a former moor in northern England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑moor, ↑moorland • Part Holonyms: ↑England 2. a battle in 1644 in which the Parliamentarians under the earl of Manchester defeated the Royalists under Prince Rupert • Syn: ↑battle of …   Useful english dictionary

  • battle of Marston Moor — noun a battle in 1644 in which the Parliamentarians under the earl of Manchester defeated the Royalists under Prince Rupert • Syn: ↑Marston Moor • Regions: ↑England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marston Moor — Mar|ston Moor, Battle of an important battle near York in 1644 during the English Civil War, which gave Cromwell control of the north of England …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Bataille de Marston Moor — 53° 57′ 49″ N 1° 15′ 43″ W / 53.9637, 1.2619 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille De Marston Moor — The Battle of Marston Moor, par J. Barker La bataille de Marston Moor a eu lieu le 2 juillet 1644. C est la plus grande bataille de la Première révolution anglaise. C est aussi une des plus décisives. La victoire est revenue aux Parliamentarians …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schlacht von Marston Moor — Teil von: Englischer Bürgerkrieg The Battle of Marston Moor, Gemälde von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.