Markova, Dame Alicia

orig. Lilian Alicia Marks

born Dec. 1, 1910, London, Eng.
died Dec. 2, 2004, Bath

British ballerina.

She made her debut with Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1924 and became a leading ballerina noted for her ethereal lightness. At the Vic-Wells Ballet (1931–35; now the Royal Ballet) she became the first English dancer to dance the lead in Giselle. With her frequent partner Anton Dolin, she formed and directed several Markova-Dolin companies (1935–38) and the Festival Ballet (1950–52; now the English National Ballet). She continued to dance as a guest artist with many companies worldwide, admired for her interpretations of roles in Les Sylphides and Swan Lake, among others. She retired from the stage in 1963 and served as director of the Metropolitan Opera Ballet (1963–69).

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▪ 2005
Lilian Alicia Marks 
      British ballet dancer (b. Dec.1, 1910, London, Eng.—d. Dec. 2, 2004, Bath, Eng.), was the first true British prima ballerina and one of the finest dancers of the 20th century and as such helped establish a ballet tradition in her country. Although she danced a wide range of roles, her light, ethereal quality lent itself especially to the role with which she was most closely associated, the title character in Giselle. Markova began studying dance to correct weak legs and feet, and by the time she was 10 she was earning money dancing in pantomimes. At 14 she joined Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, with which she remained until Diaghilev's death in 1929. Markova and Anton Dolin—her partner for most of her career—founded the Markova-Dolin Ballet (1935–37, re-formed in 1945), which eventually (1969) became the London Festival Ballet and later (1989) the English National Ballet. They danced with other companies, notably the Ballet Russe de Monte-Carlo and Ballet Theatre (later American Ballet Theatre) in New York City. After Markova ceased dancing (1963), she taught, staged ballets, and served as director of the Metropolitan Opera Ballet in New York City (until 1969). Markova was made CBE in 1958 and DBE in 1963.

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▪ British ballerina
original name  Lilian Alicia Marks  
born December 1, 1910, London, England
died December 2, 2004, Bath
 English ballerina noted for the ethereal lightness and poetic delicacy of her dancing.

      Markova studied with Serafima Astafieva and Enrico Cecchetti and, after her debut at age 14 with Sergey Diaghilev (Diaghilev, Sergey Pavlovich)'s Ballets Russes, was soon dancing leading roles. In 1931 she joined the Vic-Wells Ballet (now the Royal Ballet) and was both its first prima ballerina (1933–35) and the first English dancer to dance the lead in Giselle and the full-length Swan Lake. Markova appeared as a ballerina of the Ballet Rambert, Ballet Russe de Monte-Carlo (Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo), and Ballet Theatre (now the American Ballet Theatre) and as a guest artist with the Metropolitan Opera. With Anton Dolin she founded the Markova-Dolin Ballet (1935) and Festival Ballet (1950; now the English National Ballet).

 In addition to Giselle, her favourite role, and Swan Lake, Markova excelled in Les Sylphides, as Taglioni (to whom she has been compared) in the Dolin Pas de quatre, and as the Sugar Plum Fairy in The Nutcracker. A versatile artist, she shone not only in the classics but also in early jazz ballets, in Léonide Massine's symphonic Rouge et noir (1939), as a Gypsy in Aleko (1942), as Juliet in Antony Tudor's Romeo and Juliet (1943), and in Ruth Page's Vilea (1953).

      In 1963 she retired from the stage, was appointed director of the Metropolitan Ballet in New York City (a post she held until 1969), and was created Dame of the British Empire. Markova, in retirement as a dancer, taught, coached, lectured, and occasionally staged traditional ballets for various companies.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Markova,Dame Alicia — Mar·ko·va (mär kōʹvə, märʹkə və), Dame Alicia. Born 1910. British ballerina known especially for her performance in Léonide Massine s Giselle. * * * …   Universalium

  • Markova, Dame Alicia — orig. Lilian Alicia Marks (1 dic. 1910, Londres, Inglaterra–2 dic. 2004, Bath). Bailarina británica. Debutó con los Ballets rusos en 1924 y llegó a ser primera bailarina, que destacó por la ligereza etérea de sus movimientos. Fue la primera… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dame Alicia Markova — noun English ballet dancer (born in 1910) • Syn: ↑Markova, ↑Lilian Alicia Marks • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dancer, ↑professional dancer, ↑terpsichorean …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alicia Markova — in 1940. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • dame — /daym/, n. 1. (cap.) (in Britain) a. the official title of a female member of the Order of the British Empire, equivalent to that of a knight. b. the official title of the wife of a knight or baronet. 2. (formerly) a form of address to any woman… …   Universalium

  • Dame — (as used in expressions) Andrews, Dame Julie Ashcroft, Dame Peggy Christie, Dame Agatha (Mary Clarissa) Compton Burnett, Dame Ivy Cooper, Dame Gladys De Valois, Dame Ninette Dench, Dame Judi(th Olivia) Evans, Dame Edith (Mary) Fields, Dame Gracie …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alicia — /euh lish euh, euh lish ee euh, euh lee sheuh, shee euh/, n. a female given name, form of Alice. * * * (as used in expressions) Alonso Alicia Alicia Martínez Hoyo Alicia Christian Foster Markova Dame Alicia Lilian Alicia Marks * * * …   Universalium

  • Alicia — (as used in expressions) Alonso, Alicia Alicia Martínez Hoyo Alicia Christian Foster Markova, Dame Alicia Lilian Alicia Marks …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alicia Markova — Dame Alicia Markova DBE Alicia Markova in 1940 Born Lilian Alicia Marks 1 December 1910(1910 12 01) London, United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Alicia Markowa — Alicia Markova als Sterbender Schwan (am 24. November 1948, Fotografie, Carl Van Vechten) Dame Alicia Markova (* 1. Dezember 1910 in London; † 2. Dezember 2004 in Bath) war eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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