Manuel I Comnenus
born Nov. 28, 1118died Sept. 24, 1180Byzantine emperor (1143–80).The son of John II Comnenus, he renewed alliances in the West against the Normans in Sicily and Antioch. He took Apulia briefly (1155) but was defeated at Brindisi (1156) by a joint force of Germans, Venetians, and Normans, ending Byzantine control in Italy. He reasserted his authority over the Crusader states (1158–59) and extended his influence among the Hungarians and Serbs, adding Dalmatia, Croatia, and Bosnia to the empire in 1167. He launched a campaign against the Seljuq Turks (1176), and his defeat showed the waning of Byzantine power and ended his plan of restoring the Roman Empire.
* * *▪ Byzantine emperorborn November 28, 1118died September 24, 1180military leader, statesman, and Byzantine emperor (1143–80) whose policies failed to fulfill his dream of a restored Roman Empire, straining the resources of Byzantium at a time when the Seljuq Turks (Seljuq) menaced the empire's survival.The son of John II Comnenus (reigned 1118–43) and the Hungarian princess Irene, Manuel transformed the austere, conservative court of his father into a gay setting for tournaments and festivities imported from medieval western Europe. Manuel devoted himself to affairs in the West at the beginning of his reign, practically ignoring the growing Turkish threat on the plains of Anatolia. He renewed his alliances in the West against his Norman rivals in both Sicily and Antioch. At the time of the Second Crusade, he defended his Greek territory from Roger II of Sicily, whose fleet captured Corfu in 1147. With Venetian aid, the island was retaken two years later. In 1148 Manuel consolidated his alliance with Emperor Conrad III of Germany, whose sister-in-law he had earlier married. But Conrad died in 1152, and, despite repeated attempts, Manuel could not reach an agreement with his successor, Frederick I Barbarossa (Frederick I). When Roger II died in 1154, Manuel sent a fleet to attack Ancona (1155), capturing much of the region of Apulia. He was defeated in 1156 at Brindisi by a joint force of Germans, Venetians, and Normans, ending Byzantine influence in Italy.Manuel next asserted his authority over the Crusader states, established after the First Crusade. He campaigned in Cilicia (in modern Turkey) in 1158, regaining lost territory and forcing Renaud of Châtillon, prince of Antioch, and Baldwin III, king of Jerusalem, to recognize Byzantine suzerainty (1159). Manuel was also successful in his dealings with the Serbs and Hungarians. In 1167 Dalmatia, Croatia, and Bosnia were incorporated into the empire. Interfering in Hungarian dynastic struggles, he was rewarded when his candidate, Béla, was elected king in 1173. Elsewhere in the north his relations were not as successful. Relations between Venice and Constantinople were broken off for 10 years from 1171.Manuel's activities elsewhere diverted his attention from the Turkish East. Although he had launched campaigns against the sultan of Iconium in 1145, 1146, and 1160, there were no practical results. By the time he led a large-scale attack against the Turks in 1176, Manuel's dream of a restored Roman Empire had impaired his ability to measure the growth of Seljuq power. His defeat at Myriocephalon pointed toward the collapse of the Byzantine Empire.
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MANUEL I COMNENUS° — MANUEL I COMNENUS°, Byzantine emperor (1143–1180). He added humiliating procedures to the standard oath more judaico requiring that the Jew spit on his circumcision. But he also continued to permit the Jews to use the older and less offensive… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Manuel I — may refer to: Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor (1143 1180) Manuel I of Trebizond, Emperor of Trebizond (1228 1263) Manuel I of Portugal, King of Portugal (1496 1521) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal… … Wikipedia
Manuel I Komnenos — This article is about the 12th century Byzantine Emperor. For the eldest son of Andronikos I Komnenos and father of Alexios I of Trebizond, see Manuel Komnenos (born 1145). Manuel I Komnenos Emp … Wikipedia
Comnenus family — ▪ Byzantine emperors Comnenus also spelled Komnenos Byzantine family from Paphlagonia, members of which occupied the throne of Constantinople for more than a century (1081–1185). Manuel Eroticus Comnenus was the first member of the… … Universalium
Comnenus — Comnenian /kom nee nee euhn/, adj. /kom nee neuhs/, n. a dynasty of Byzantine emperors that ruled at Constantinople, 1057? 1185, and at Trebizond in Asia Minor, 1204 1461?. * * * (as used in expressions) Alexius I Comnenus Andronicus I Comnenus… … Universalium
Manuel Ier Comnène — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Manuel Ier. Manuel Ier Comnène Empereur byzantin Une représentation de Manuel … Wikipédia en Français
Manuel I. (Byzanz) — Fresko Manuels I. Manuel I. Komnenos (griechisch Μανουὴλ Α Κομνηνός, * 28. November 1118; † 24. September 1180) war von 1143 bis 1180 byzantinischer Kaiser. Er gilt als einer der letzten bedeutenden Herrscher von Byzanz. Inhaltsverze … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Manuel Camytzes — (in Greek, Manuel Kamytzes) was a Byzantine warrior in the late 12th century AD. He was the son of Constantine Camytzes and Maria Angelina, who, through her mother Theodora, was the granddaughter of the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus and… … Wikipedia