Mannheim, Karl

born March 27, 1893, Budapest, Austria-Hungary
died Jan. 9, 1947, London, Eng.

Hungarian sociologist.

Mannheim taught in Germany (University of Heidelberg, 1926–30; Frankfurt am Main, 1930–33) before the rise of Adolph Hitler. He was invited to England by political scientist Harold Laski and for the rest of his career taught there (London School of Economics, 1933–43; University of London, 1943–47). He helped found the sociology of knowledge, the study of how knowledge is produced and maintained in societies. He emphasized the role that ideology plays in shaping knowledge, a view he discussed in his major work, Ideology and Utopia (1929).

* * *

▪ German sociologist
born March 27, 1893, Budapest, Austria-Hungary [now in Hungary]
died January 9, 1947, London, England

      sociologist in Germany before the rise of Adolf Hitler and then in the United Kingdom who is remembered for his “sociology of knowledge” and for his work on the problems of leadership and consensus in modern societies.

      After teaching at the Universities of Heidelberg (1926–30) and Frankfurt am Main (1930–33), Mannheim lectured on sociology at the London School of Economics, University of London (1933–45), and was professor of the philosophy and sociology of education at that university's Institute of Education (1945–47).

      His sociology of knowledge broadened Karl Marx's notion that the proletariat and bourgeoisie develop different belief systems. In Mannheim's view, social conflict is caused by the diversity in thoughts and beliefs (ideologies) among major segments of society that derive from differences in social location. Ideas and beliefs are rooted in larger thought systems (Weltanschauungen), a phenomenon Mannheim called relationism. He elaborated on these concepts in Ideology and Utopia: An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge (1929). In the posthumously published Freedom, Power, and Democratic Planning (1950), Mannheim tried to reconcile his dislike of totalitarianism with his growing belief in the need for social planning. Mannheim's relationism never adequately confronted charges that it verged on relativism (ethical relativism); it also failed to explain how scientific knowledge arises.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MANNHEIM, KARL — (1893–1947), sociologist. Born in Budapest, Mannheim was a student of Max Weber in Heidelberg. He was professor of sociology in Frankfurt in 1930, emigrating in 1933 to London, where he taught at the London School of Economics until his death.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947)    sociologist; helped establish sociology as an academic discipline. Born in Budapest to a Hungarian father and a German mother, he studied philosophy, pedagogy, and German literary history before taking a doctorate at Budapest in… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947) A Hungarian sociologist who emigrated to Germany and finally to England shortly after Hitler came to power. His most enduring contribution was to the sociology of knowledge , which he defined as a theory of the social or existential… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893–1947) German sociologist. Born in Budapest, Mannheim was educated at Heidelberg, before becoming professor of sociology at Frankfurt. In 1933 he left Germany and taught at London until 1946. His major work, Ideologie und Utopie (1929, trs.… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947)    Hungarian sociol ogist. Born in Budapest, he studied at the University of Budapest. He initially taught high school in Budapest, then at a teacher s training college of the University of Budapest and later at Heidelberg. In 1930 he …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mannheim, Karl — ► (1891 1947) Sociólogo alemán. Es conocido sobre todo por su obra Ideología y utopía (1929). * * * (27 mar. 1893, Budapest, Austria Hungría–9 ene. 1947, Londres, Inglaterra). Sociólogo alemán de origen húngaro. Fue docente en las universidades… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MANNHEIM, Karl — (1893 1947)    Hungarian SOCIOLOGIST who sought to relate styles of thought, or worldviews, to specific historical times and social GROUPS, and to show their social function. Wrote Ideology and Utopia (1936) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Mannheim — Mannheim, Karl …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Karl-Friedrich-Gymnasium Mannheim — Schulform Gymnasium Gründung 1664 Ort Mannheim Land Baden Württemberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl III. Philipp — von der Pfalz im Harnisch, J. Ph. van der Schlichten, um 1733, Reiss Engelhorn Museen, Mannheim …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.