Manfred

I
Italian Manfredi

born с 1232
died Feb. 26, 1266, near Benevento, Kingdom of Naples

King of Sicily (1258–66).

Born out of wedlock, the son of Frederick II, he was made vicar of Italy and Sicily for his half brother Conrad IV, but, following Conrad's death, Manfred sought the Sicilian crown for himself. He resisted Pope Alexander IV's efforts to assign the throne to an English rival, and, after fighting off a papal army, Manfred was crowned king in 1258. He became a defender of the Ghibellines in northern Italy (see Guelphs and Ghibellines). Pope Urban IV declared Charles of Anjou (later Charles I) king of Sicily, and Manfred fell in battle against Charles's army.
II
(as used in expressions)
Eigen Manfred
Richthofen Manfred baron von
Manfred Bennington Lee

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▪ king of Sicily
Italian  Manfredi  
born c. 1232
died Feb. 26, 1266, near Benevento, Kingdom of Naples
 effective king of Sicily from 1258, during a period of civil wars and succession disputes between imperial claimants and the House of Anjou.

      The son of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick II, Manfred became vicar of Italy and Sicily for his half brother Conrad IV but soon began seeking the Sicilian crown for himself. On Conrad's death in 1254 a diet at San Germano ignored the imperial representative and elected Manfred. Pope Alexander IV, however, after having excommunicated Manfred twice, invested Edmund, son of Henry III of England, with the Sicilian kingdom in April 1255. A papal army entered the kingdom, but Manfred resisted successfully and was crowned king of Sicily at Palermo on Aug. 10, 1258.

      As protector of the Italian Ghibellines, Manfred asserted himself also in Lombardy and Tuscany; and he further strengthened his position by the betrothal, in 1260, of his daughter Constance to the infante Peter of Aragon. Negotiations with the new pope, Urban IV, came to nothing; and Urban, considering Alexander IV's agreement with England void, offered the Sicilian crown to Charles of Anjou, who sailed for Rome in May 1265. Manfred, having failed to prevent Charles's army from joining him, was defeated near Benevento; he fell in battle.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manfred — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Der Name ist alemannisch und leitet sich ab aus man (Mann) und fridu (Friede, Sicherheit), bedeutet also „Mann des Friedens“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Varianten 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MANFRED — (1231 1266) roi de Sicile (1258 1266) Fils de Frédéric II de Hohenstaufen et de Bianca Lancia, Manfred devient à la mort de son père (1250) régent du royaume de Sicile pour son demi frère Conrad IV. Cultivé, chevaleresque, il bénéficie du soutien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Manfred — m German, Dutch, and English: from an old Germanic personal name, usually said to be composed of the elements man man + fred, frid peace. However, it is more likely that the first element was magin strength (the Norman form being normally… …   First names dictionary

  • Manfred — Manfred, 1) Sohn des Kaisers Friedrich II. u. der Blanca, der Tochter des Grafen Bonifacio Lanzia, geb. in Sicilien 1231; tapfer, ritterlich, die Dichtkunst liebend, wie sein Vater, deshalb von diesem sehr geliebt; er wurde nach dessen Tode 1250… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Manfred — Manfred, König von Sizilien, geb. 1232 als Sohn des Kaisers Friedrich II. und der Bianca Lancia aus vornehmem lombardischen Geschlecht, mit der sich der Kaiser, um den Sohn zu legitimieren, auf ihrem Sterbebette trauen ließ, gest. 26. Febr. 1266 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Manfred — Manfred, König von Sizilien, geb. 1231, natürlicher, aber anerkannter Sohn Kaiser Friedrichs II., erhielt nach dessen Tode 1250 Tarent, übernahm nach seines Halbbruders Konrads IV. Tode 1254 die Verwaltung des Apulischen Reichs für seinen Neffen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Manfred — Manfred, geb. 1231. Sohn Kaiser Friedrichs II. und der schönen Blanca Lanzia, seinem Vater an Schönheit, Geist und Gesinnung ähnlich, Feind der Kirche, vertheidigte nach Konrads IV. Tod Neapel, ließ sich 1258 selbst zum Könige krönen, als die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Manfred — For other uses, see Manfred (disambiguation). 1817 first edition, John Murray, London …   Wikipedia

  • Manfred — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Étymologie 2 Formes françaises 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manfred —    King of Sicily (1258 1266) who opposed Michael VIII Palaiologos (q.v.), restorer of the Byzantine state (reigned 12611282). Manfred s opposition, which appeared like a revival of the kind of anti Byzantine policy that went back to Henry VI… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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