Malory, Sir Thomas
- flourished с 1470English author of Le Morte Darthur ("The Death of Arthur").Even in the 16th century Malory's identity was unknown, but he is tentatively identified as a Welshman and knight who was imprisoned at various times. Le Morte Darthur (completed с 1470) was the first account of Arthurian legend in English prose. Though based on French romances, it differs from its models in its emphasis on the brotherhood of the knights rather than on courtly love and on the conflicts of loyalty that destroy the fellowship. Only one extant manuscript predates its printing by William Caxton in 1485.
* * *▪ English writerflourished c. 1470English writer whose identity remains uncertain but whose name is famous as that of the author of Le Morte Darthur, the first prose account in English of the rise and fall of the legendary king Arthur and the fellowship of the Round Table.Even in the 16th century Malory's identity was unknown, although there was a tradition that he was a Welshman. In the colophon to Le Morte Darthur the author, calling himself “Syr Thomas Maleore knyght,” says that he finished the work in the ninth year of the reign of Edward IV (i.e., March 4, 1469–March 3, 1470) and adds a prayer for “good delyueraunce” from prison. The only known knight at this time with a name like Maleore was Thomas Malory of Newbold Revell in the parish of Monks Kirby, Warwickshire. This Malory was jailed on various occasions during the period 1450–60, but it is not recorded that he was in prison about 1470, when the colophon was written.A “Thomas Malorie (or Malarie), knight” was excluded from four general pardons granted by Edward IV to the Lancastrians in 1468 and 1470. This Malorie, who may have been Malory of Newbold Revell, was probably the author of Le Morte Darthur.According to Sir William Dugdale's Antiquities of Warwickshire (1656), Malory of Newbold Revell served in the train of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, at the siege of Calais (presumably 1436, but possibly 1414); was knight of the shire in 1445; and died on March 14, 1471. He was buried in the Chapel of St. Francis at Grey Friars, near Newgate. (He had been imprisoned in Newgate in 1460.)Malory completed Le Morte Darthur about 1470; it was printed by William Caxton (Caxton, William) in 1485. The only extant manuscript that predates Caxton's edition is in the British Library, London. It retells the adventures of the knights of the Round Table in chronological sequence from the birth of Arthur. Based on French romances, Malory's account differs from his models in its emphasis on the brotherhood of the knights rather than on courtly love and on the conflicts of loyalty (brought about by the adultery of Lancelot and Guinevere) that finally destroy the fellowship.Additional ReadingP.J.C. Field, Malory: Texts and Sources (1998); Elizabeth Archibald and A.S.G. Edwards (eds.), A Companion to Malory (1996); Christina Hardyment, Malory (2005).
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Malory, Sir Thomas — • Writer of the Morte Arthure , the earliest production of English prose Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Malory, Sir Thomas — (c. 1416–1471) The life and career of Sir Thomas Malory, the author of Le Morte d’Arthur (The Death of Arthur), one of the greatest literary works of medieval England, illustrates how the quarrel between the houses of LANCASTER and YORK forced … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
Malory, Sir Thomas — (ca. 1410–1471) Thomas Malory is the supposed author of Le MORTE DARTHUR, the last medieval English version of the Arthurian chivalric romances, which was published by William CAXTON in 1485.What we know of Malory’s life has been gleaned from… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Malory, Sir Thomas — (fl. 1470) Translator of Morte d Arthur. Very little is known of him. An endeavour has been made to identify him with a Sir Thomas Malory of Warwickshire, who fought successively on both sides in the Wars of the Roses, sat in Parliament 1444… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Malory,Sir Thomas — Mal·o·ry (mălʹə rē), Sir Thomas. fl. 1470. English writer of Le Morte d Arthur, a collection of Arthurian romances adapted from French sources and published by William Caxton in 1485. * * * … Universalium
Malory, Sir Thomas — ( 1470) Autor inglés de La muerte de Arturo. En el s. XVI, la identidad de Malory era aún desconocida; sin embargo, hoy se asocia su identidad con la de un caballero galés que estuvo encarcelado varias veces. La muerte de Arturo (terminada 1470)… … Enciclopedia Universal
MALORY, SIR THOMAS — flourished in the 15th century; was the author of Morte d Arthur, being a translation in prose of a labyrinthine selection of Arthurian legends, which was finished in the ninth year of Edward IV., and printed fifteen years after by Caxton with … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Malory, Sir Thomas — (d. 1471) Fifteenth century English author and compiler of Arthurian legends (notably Le Morte d’Arthur). But George Mallory (two l’s) for the Everest explorer (1886–1924) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Malory, Sir Thomas — for the fifteenth century English author and compiler of Arthurian legends (notably Le Morte d Arthur), but George Mallory (two / s) for the Everest explorer … Dictionary of troublesome word
Sir Thomas Malory — Thomas Malory Sir Thomas Malory (né vers 1405, décédé le 14 mars 1471) est l auteur ou le compilateur de Le Morte d Arthur, considéré comme le premier roman arthurien moderne. Le bibliographe John Leland a cru qu il était gallois, mais la plupart … Wikipédia en Français