Mackenzie, Alexander

born Jan. 28, 1822, Logierait, Perth, Scot.
died April 17, 1892, Toronto, Ont., Can.

Scottish-born Canadian politician, first Liberal prime minister of Canada (1873–78).

He emigrated to Canada West (now Ontario) in 1842. In 1852 he became editor of a local Liberal newspaper and befriended George Brown, leader of the Reform Party. When the Dominion of Canada was created in 1867, Mackenzie was elected to the House of Commons, where he led the Liberal opposition. As prime minister, his efforts at renewed reciprocity with the U.S. failed to address economic concerns, and his government was defeated in 1878. He resigned as leader of the opposition but held a seat in Parliament until his death.

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▪ prime minister of Canada
born Jan. 28, 1822, Logierait, Perthshire, Scot.
died April 17, 1892, Toronto
 Scottish-born politician, the first Liberal prime minister of Canada (1873–78).

      Mackenzie emigrated in 1842 from Scotland to Canada West (now Ontario), where he worked as a stone mason and established himself as a building contractor at Sarnia. His interest in reform led to his becoming editor in 1852 of the Lambton Shield, a local Liberal newspaper. He became friendly with George Brown, editor of The Globe (Toronto) and leader of the Reform Party. Mackenzie supported the confederation movement. After the Dominion of Canada was created in 1867, he was elected by Lambton to the dominion's first House of Commons, in which he effectively led the Liberal opposition. When dual representation was abolished in 1872, he gave up his post as provincial treasurer in the Ontario provincial government.

      Mackenzie became Canada's first Liberal prime minister after the fall of Sir John Macdonald's Conservative government in 1873. Lacking a strong party, however, he could not cope with the urgent economic difficulties of the time. Macdonald's protectionist policy was preferred to Mackenzie's aim of renewed reciprocity with the United States, and the Liberal government was defeated in 1878. Mackenzie also failed to complete the Pacific railway. He resigned the leadership of the opposition in 1880 but retained his seat in Parliament until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mackenzie, Alexander — (1822 1892)    Born in Scotland. Emigrated to Kingston, Canada, in 1842; in 1848 started in business at Sarnia as builder and contractor; in 1852 editor of the Lambton Shield, a reform newspaper; member for Lambton in the provincial Parliament… …   The makers of Canada

  • Mackenzie, Alexander — (28 ene. 1822, Logierait, Perth, Escocia–17 abr. 1892, Toronto, Ontario, Canadá). Político canadiense nacido en Escocia, primer liberal que ocupó el cargo de primer ministro de Canadá (1873–78). Emigró a Canadá occidental (actual Ontario) en 1842 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mackenzie,Alexander — Mac·ken·zie (mə kĕnʹzē), Alexander. 1822 1892. British born Canadian politician who was the first Liberal prime minister of Canada (1873 1878). * * * …   Universalium

  • Alexander MacKenzie (Entdecker) — Alexander Mackenzie, Porträt des englischen Malers Thomas Lawrence, um 1800 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Mackenzie (disambiguation) — Alexander Mackenzie may refer to:* Sir Alexander Mackenzie (explorer) (1764–1820), explorer and commercial partner of the North West Company *Alexander Mackenzie (1822–92), the second Prime Minister of Canada * Sir Alexander Mackenzie (composer)… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Mackenzie (Homme Politique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexander Mackenzie. Alexander Mackenzie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander Mackenzie (politicien) — Alexander Mackenzie (homme politique) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexander Mackenzie. Alexander Mackenzie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mackenzie (surname) — Mackenzie Family name Meaning Son of Coinneach Region of origin Scotland Related names Coinneach; Mackenzie (given name) Clan affiliations Clan Mackenzie …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Mackenzie (Politiker) — Alexander Mackenzie Alexander Mackenzie PC (* 28. Januar 1822 in Logierait, Perthshire, Schottland; † 17. April 1892 in Toronto) war ein kanadischer Bauunternehmer und Politiker. Er war der zweite Premierminister des Landes und regierte vom 7.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mackenzie — Mackenzie, montes ► Río del NO de Canadá. Desemboca en el océano Glacial Ártico, por el mar de Beaufort; 4 241 km. * * * (as used in expressions) Clark, Kenneth (Mackenzie), barón King, W(illiam) L(yon) Mackenzie Mackenzie, Alexander Mackenzie,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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