MacBride, Seán

born Jan. 26, 1904, Paris, France
died Jan. 15, 1988, Dublin, Ire.

Irish statesman.

Born to Irish patriots
his mother was William Butler Yeats's beloved Maud Gonne (1866–1953), and his father was Maj. John MacBride, executed for his part in the 1916 Easter Rising
he became chief of staff of the Irish Republican Army at age 24, but he eventually accepted the fact of partition and the futility of warfare. In 1936 he founded the Irish Republican Party; he served in the Irish legislature (1947–58) and as minister of external affairs (1948–51). He was the first chairman of Amnesty International (1961–75). He also served as UN assistant secretary-general for South West Africa and Namibia (1973–77). In 1974 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for his efforts on behalf of human rights.

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▪ Irish statesman
born Jan. 26, 1904, Paris, France
died Jan. 15, 1988, Dublin, Ire.
 Irish statesman who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1974 for his efforts on behalf of human rights.

      MacBride was the son of the Irish actress and patriot Maud Gonne (Gonne, Maud) and her husband, Major John MacBride, who was executed in 1916 for his part in the Easter Rising of that year against the British. Educated in Paris and Ireland, Seán MacBride, like his parents, was a fighter for Irish liberty and an opponent of the partition, and at age 24 he was chief of staff of the Irish Republican Army. He worked as a journalist and then became a lawyer.

      Eventually accepting the fact of partition and the futility of warfare, he was elected to the Dáil Éireann (House of Representatives) in 1947 and remained until 1958 as a member of the Clann na Poblachta (“Republican Party”), which he had founded in 1936. He was minister for external affairs in 1948–51. In 1950 he was president of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Council of Europe, and he was vice president of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation in 1948–51. MacBride was active in a number of international organizations concerned with human rights, among them the International Prisoners of Conscience Fund (trustee) and Amnesty International (chairman, 1961–75), and he served as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists. In 1973 he became United Nations assistant secretary-general and commissioner for South West Africa/Namibia, posts he held until 1977. In 1977 he was appointed president of the International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, set up by UNESCO.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MacBride, Séan — ► (1904 88) Jurista y político irlandés. Fue defensor de la independencia absoluta de Irlanda y presidente de Amnistía Internacional. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1974, compartido con E. Sato. * * * (26 ene. 1904, París, Francia–15 ene. 1988,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MacBride,Sean — Mac·Bride (mĭk brīdʹ), Sean. 1904 1988. Irish politician who opposed Ireland s secession from Great Britain and was active in a number of international human rights organizations. He shared the 1974 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • MacBride — MacBride, Séan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Seán — Sean [ʃɑːn] bzw. Seán ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname 3.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Seán MacBride — (* 26. Januar 1904 in Paris; † 15. Januar 1988 in Dublin) war ein irischer Politiker. 1974 erhielt MacBride zusammen mit Satō Eisaku den Friedensnobelpreis für seinen langjährigen Einsatz für Menschenrechte in den verschiedensten Funktionen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sean MacBride — Seán MacBride Fils de l héroïne irlandaise Maud Gonne, Seán MacBride (1904 1988), après s’être engagé pour la cause du nationalisme au sein de l Irish Republican Army, décida en 1936 de quitter la clandestinité pour agir, au grand jour. Avocat et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seán McBride — Seán MacBride Fils de l héroïne irlandaise Maud Gonne, Seán MacBride (1904 1988), après s’être engagé pour la cause du nationalisme au sein de l Irish Republican Army, décida en 1936 de quitter la clandestinité pour agir, au grand jour. Avocat et …   Wikipédia en Français

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