Mabinogion

Collection of 11 medieval Welsh tales based on mythology, folklore, and heroic legends.

The tales have multiple authors and are versions of stories told and retold through the centuries. Among the finest are four stories known as "The Four Branches of the Mabinogi," written in the late 11th century. Some show Celtic, Norman, and French influence; "Peredur Son of Efrawg," for example, parallels Chrétien de Troyes's Perceval. Four other tales show little continental influence: "Kulhwch and Olwen," "Lludd and Llefelys," "The Dream of Macsen," and "The Dream of Rhonabwy."

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      collection of 11 medieval Welsh tales based on mythology, folklore, and heroic legends. The tales provide interesting examples of the transmission of Celtic, Norman, and French traditions in early romance. The name Mabinogion derives from a scribal error and is an unjustified but convenient term for these anonymous tales.

      The finest of the tales are the four related stories known as “The Four Branches of the Mabinogi” or “The Four Branches” (dating, in their present form, from the late 11th century), the only tales in which the word Mabinogi (possibly meaning “Matters Concerning [the Family of?] Maponos”) appears. Of great interest to Welsh studies are “The Four Independent Native Tales,” which show minimal Continental influence and include “Kulhwch and Olwen,” (Kulhwch and Olwen) “Lludd and Llefelys,” “The Dream of Macsen,” and “The Dream of Rhonabwy.” The tales “Owein” (or “The Lady of the Fountain”), “Geraint and Enid,” and “Peredur Son of Efrawg” parallel the French romances Yvain, Erec, and Perceval of Chrétien de Troyes.

      The Welsh text of “The Four Branches” was edited by Ifor Williams, as Pedeir Keinc y Mabinogi, in 1930; an English translation, The Mabinogion, was published in 1949; and a new translation was included in The Mabinogi and Other Medieval Welsh Tales (1977) by Patrick K. Ford.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Mabinogion — (Plural von Mabinogy), in Kymrischer Sprache das Märchen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mabinogion — Mabinogion, s. Artur, S. 833 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mabinogion — Mabinogĭon, d.h. Erzählungen des mabinog (Bardenlehrlings), vier walisische Märchen (hg. 1887; engl., 3 Bde., 1838 39; franz., 1889) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mabinogion — /ma bi nogˈi on or nōˈgi/ noun 1. A collective title for four tales in the Red Book of Hergest, a 14c Welsh manuscript 2. Extended to refer to the whole collection in Lady Charlotte Guest s edition and translation of 1838 ORIGIN: Welsh,… …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Mabinogion — Das Mabinogion ist eine Sammlung von Erzählungen, die aus mittelalterlichen, walisischen Manuskripten stammen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Name 3 Die Erzählungen 3.1 Die vier Zweige des Mab …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Mabinogion — Les Mabinogion ou les Quatre Branches du Mabinogi (Pedair Cainc y Mabinogi en gallois) sont quatre récits médiévaux (des chwedl ou cyfarwyddyd, mots qui signifient contes), écrits en moyen gallois (gallois du XIIe siècle au XVIe siècle) …   Wikipédia en Français

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