Lönnrot, Elias

born April 9, 1802, Sammatti, Swedish Finland
died March 19, 1884, Sammatti, Russian Finland

Finnish folklorist and philologist.

While serving as a medical officer for 20 years in a remote part of eastern Finland, Lönnrot collected linguistic information and folk poetry from the region's inhabitants. Believing that the short poems were fragments of a continuous epic, he added connective material of his own and assembled them into the Kalevala (1835, enlarged 1849), which became the Finnish national epic. He also published Old Songs and Ballads of the Finnish People (1840–41) and other collections.

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▪ Finnish folklorist
born April 9, 1802, Sammatti, Swedish Finland
died March 19, 1884, Sammatti, Russian Finland

      folklorist and philologist who created the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala (1835, enlarged 1849), from short ballads and lyric poems collected from oral tradition. He also published Kanteletar (1840–41; “Old Songs and Ballads of the Finnish People”) and collections of proverbs, riddles, and incantations.

      Lönnrot received a medical degree from the University of Helsinki (1832). In 1833 he became a district medical officer at Kajaani, in a remote part of eastern Finland, near Russian Karelia, where he remained for 20 years. During this time he made field trips among the Sami, the Estonians, and the Finnish tribes of northwestern Russia and collected evidence of the relationship of the Baltic branches of the Finno-Ugric languages as well as folk poetry. Believing that the short poems he collected were fragments of a continuous epic of which no full version survived, he joined a number of them together with connective material of his own and imposed upon this a unifying plot. Though his method is frowned upon by many scholars, the influence of the Kalevala (q.v.) on Finnish national consciousness, art, and culture has been immense.

      Lönnrot was professor of Finnish language and literature at the University of Helsinki (1853–62). As a leader of the national revival movement, he promoted Finnish as a national language (Swedish had previously been predominant) and paved the way for the birth of modern Finnish literature.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lönnrot, Elias — (1802 1884)    A Finnish folklore collector and philologist, Lönnrot created the Kalevala, a history of the ancient Finns based on epic poems of Finnish folklore.Lonnrot s work may be understood both as an outgrowth of the nation building… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Lönnrot, Elias — (9 abr. 1802, Sammatti, Finlandia sueca–19 mar. 1884, Sammatti, Finlandia rusa). Folclorista y filólogo finlandés. Aprovechó los 20 años que sirvió de médico destinado a una remota región de Finlandia oriental, para recopilar información… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LÖNNROT, ELIAS —    a great Finnish scholar, born in Nyland; was professor at Helsingfors; was editor of ancient Finnish compositions, and author of a Finnish Swedish Dictionary (1802 1884) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lönnrot — Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot [ˈɛlias ˈlœnruːt] ?/Info/IPA (* 9. April 1802 in Sammatti; † 19. März 1884 ebenda) war ein finnischer Schriftsteller, Philologe und Arzt. Auf seinen Reisen in Finnland und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Lönnrot —  [ˈɛlias ˈlœnruːt] (* 9. April 1802 in Sammatti; † 19. März 1884 ebenda) war ein finnischer Schriftsteller, Philologe und Arzt. Auf seinen Reisen in Finnland un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Elias Lonnrot — Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot, né le 9 avril 1802 à Sammatti le 19 mars 1884, est un médecin et écrivain finlandais. Auteur, entre autres, du Kalevala et de la Kanteletar, recueils des anciens chants et épopées du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elías — Elias (Latinisierung von Ηλιας) ist als männlicher Vorname und, davon abgeleitet, als Familienname gebräuchlich. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elias Lönnrot — Elias Lönnrot, né le 9 avril 1802 à Sammatti et mort le 19 mars 1884, est un médecin et écrivain finlandais. Auteur, entre autres, du Kalevala et de la Kanteletar, recueils des anciens chants et épopées du peuple finnois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lönnrot — Lönnrot, Elias, finn. Sprachforscher und Sammler von Volksgesängen, geb. 9. April 1802 zu Sammatti in Nyland, gest. daselbst 19. März 1884, war zuerst Arzt; nach dem Tode Castréns wurde er 1853 als Professor der finnischen Sprache an die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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