Loti, Pierre

orig. Louis-Marie-Julien Viaud

born Jan. 14, 1850, Rochefort, France
died June 10, 1923, Hendaye

French novelist.

As a naval officer, Loti visited the Middle East and East Asia, which later provided the exotic settings of his novels and reminiscences. His first novel, Aziyadé (1879), won him critical and popular success. Other novels include An Iceland Fisherman (1886), Japan: Madam Chrysanthemum (1887), and Disenchanted (1906). Among his recurring motifs are love, death, and despair at the passing of sensuous life. He reveals his compassion in such works as The Book of Pity and of Death (1890). His themes anticipated some of the preoccupations of French literature between the world wars.

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▪ French author
pseudonym of  Louis-marie-julien Viaud  
born Jan. 14, 1850, Rochefort, Fr.
died June 10, 1923, Hendaye
 novelist whose exoticism made him popular in his time and whose themes anticipated some of the central preoccupations of French literature between World Wars.

      Loti's career as a naval officer took him to the Middle and Far East, thus providing him with the exotic settings of his novels and reminiscences. Following his naval schooling and training, he was promoted ship's lieutenant in 1881 and during 1885–91 saw service in Chinese waters. His subsequent promotions led to an appointment as ship's captain in 1906.

      After the publication of his first novel, Aziyadé (1879), he rapidly developed a parallel literary career, winning the respect of critics and the devotion of a large public. With such successes as Pêcheur d'Islande (1886) and Madame Chrysanthème (1887) to his credit and with the approval of such exacting critics as Ferdinand Brunetière, Anatole France, Paul Bourget, and Jules Lemaître, the way was made smooth for his reception into the Académie Française in 1891.

      Each year there was a new book, sometimes a novel—Ramuntcho (1897), Les Désenchantées (1906)—often treating objectively the love affairs with which he tried to satisfy his dreams and melancholy at every landfall, and sometimes a volume in which he himself figured—Le Roman d'un enfant (1890), Prime Jeunesse (1919), Un Jeune Officier pauvre (1923)—which reflected most fully his passionate nature.

      An exceptionally gifted observer, he was able to return from his voyages with a rich store of pictorial images and embody them in simple, musical prose. But this literary impressionism served a deeper strain in his nature; death, as much as love, lies at the heart of his work, revealing a profound despair at the passing of sensuous life.

      This despair was tempered by his tenderness and compassion for the human condition, and such books as Le Livre de la pitié et de la mort (1890) and Reflets sur la sombre route (1889) are perfect examples of his candid art—an art so simple that Lemaître asserted that it was impossible to discover “how it was done.”

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Loti, Pierre — ► (1850 1923) Seudónimo de Julien Viaud, novelista francés. Autor de El pescador de Islandia (1886) y Ramuntcho (1897), entre otras. * * * orig. Louis Marie Julien Viaud (14 ene. 1850, Rochefort, Francia–10 jun. 1923, Hendaya). Novelista francés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Loti, Pierre — pseud. di Viaud, Julien …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Loti — Loti, Pierre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre Loti — le jour de sa réception à l Académie, le 7 avril 1892 Nom de naissance Louis Marie Julien Viaud …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Loti — en traje de académico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Loti — Loti, Pierre, eigentlich Julien Viaud (spr. wi ō), franz. Roman und Reiseschriftsteller, geb. 14. Jan. 1850 in Rochefort, einer Hugenottenfamilie entstammend, wurde mit 17 Jahren Marineaspirant, bereiste als Seeoffizier fast alle Meere und nahm… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Loti — (izg. lotȋ), Pierre (1850 1923) DEFINICIJA francuski pomorski časnik, romanopisac i putopisac, pisao i o ljepotama jadranske obale …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Loti — Loti, Pierre, Pseudonym von Julien Viaud (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Loti — I Loti   der, /Maloti, Abkürzung M, Währungseinheit von Lesotho, 1 Loti = 100 Lisente (s, Abkürzung von Singular Sente).   II Lotị …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pierre — /pear/ for 1; /pee air / or, Fr., /pyerdd/ for 2, n. 1. a city in and the capital of South Dakota, in the central part, on the Missouri River. 11,973. 2. a male given name, form of Peter. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 13,876), capital of South Dakota …   Universalium

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