- Set of equations in relativity physics that relate the space and time coordinates of two systems moving at a constant speed relative to each other, developed in 1904 by Hendrik Antoon Lorentz.Required to describe phenomena approaching the speed of light, these transformations express the concepts that space and time are not absolute; that length, time, and mass depend on the observer's relative motion; and that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant and independent of the motion of the observer or the source.
* * *▪ physicsset of equations in relativity physics that relate the space and time coordinates of two systems moving at a constant velocity relative to each other. Required to describe high-speed phenomena approaching the speed of light, Lorentz transformations formally express the relativity concepts that space and time are not absolute; that length, time, and mass depend on the relative motion of the observer; and that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant and independent of the motion of the observer or the source. The equations were developed by the Dutch physicist Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon) in 1904. See also Galilean transformations.
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Lorentz transformations — plural noun The relations between the co ordinates of space and time of the same event as measured in two inertial frames of reference moving with a uniform velocity relative to one another, and derived from the postulates of the special theory… … Useful english dictionary
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Lorentz — may refer to:In literature:* Friedrich Lorentz, author of works on the Pomeranian language * Pare Lorentz (1905 1992), American author and film directorIn physics:* Hendrik Lorentz (1853–1928), Dutch physicist and Nobel Prize winner * Lorentz… … Wikipedia
Lorentz group — Group theory Group theory … Wikipedia
Lorentz transformation — A visualisation of the Lorentz transformation (full animation). Only one space coordinate is considered. The thin solid lines crossing at right angles depict the time and distance coordinates of an observer at rest with respect to that frame; the … Wikipedia
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Lorentz , Hendrik Antoon — (1853–1928) Dutch theoretical physicist Lorentz, who was born at Arnhem in the Netherlands, studied at the University of Leiden and received his doctorate in 1875. In 1877, aged only 24, he became professor of theoretical physics at Leiden. This… … Scientists
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Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon — born July 18, 1853, Arnhem, Neth. died Feb. 4, 1928, Haarlem Dutch physicist. He taught at the University of Leiden (1878–1912) and later directed Haarlem s Teyler Institute. In 1875 he refined James Clerk Maxwell s theory of electromagnetic… … Universalium
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