Loos, Adolf

born Dec. 10, 1870, Brno, Moravia, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 23, 1933, Kalksburg, near Vienna, Austria

Austrian architect.

Educated in Dresden, Ger., he practiced in Vienna, though he spent extended periods in the U.S. and Paris. Opposed to both Art Nouveau and Beaux-Arts historicism, he announced as early as 1898 his intention to avoid the use of unnecessary ornament. His Steiner House in Vienna (1910) has been referred to by some architectural historians as the first completely modern dwelling; the main (rear) facade is a symmetrical, skillfully balanced composition of rectangles. His essays from this period, denouncing ornament and decoration, were equally influential. His best-known large structure is the Goldman and Salatsch Building in Vienna (1910), in which small amounts of Classical detail are offset by large areas of blank, polished marble. His work strongly influenced European Modernist architects after World War I.

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▪ Austrian architect
born Dec. 10, 1870, Brno, Moravia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic]
died Aug. 23, 1933, Kalksburg, near Vienna, Austria

      Austrian architect whose planning of private residences strongly influenced European Modernist architects after World War I. Frank Lloyd Wright (Wright, Frank Lloyd) credited Loos with doing for European architecture what Wright was doing in the United States.

      Educated in Dresden, Ger., Loos practiced in Vienna, although he spent extended periods in the United States (1893–97) and in Paris (1924–28). Loos was opposed to both Art Nouveau and Beaux-Arts historicism, and as early as 1898 he announced his intention to avoid the use of unnecessary ornament. His first building, the Villa Karma, Clarens, near Montreux, Switz. (1904–06), was notable for its geometric simplicity. It was followed by the Steiner House, Vienna (1910), which has been referred to by some architectural historians as the first completely modern dwelling; the main (rear) facade is a symmetrical, skillfully balanced composition of rectangles. His essays from this period, denouncing ornament and decoration, were equally influential. Loos's best-known large structure is the Goldman and Salatsch Building, Vienna (1910), in which a little classical exterior detail is offset by large areas of blank, polished marble. A resident of France from 1922, he built a house in Paris for the Dada writer Tristan Tzara in 1926.

Additional Reading
Ludwig Münz and Gustav Künstler, Adolf Loos: Pioneer of Modern Architecture (1966) and Benedetto Gravagnuolo, Adolf Loos, Theory and Works (1982), are documentary studies of Loos's theory, work, and writing.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Loos, Adolf — SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building [br] b. 10 December 1870 Brno, Moravia (now in the Czech Republic) d. 23 August 1933 Vienna, Austria [br] Austrian architect who was one of the earliest pioneers of the modern school in Europe. [br] Loos… …   Biographical history of technology

  • LOOS, Adolf — (1870 1933)    In 1913, Adolf Loos, one of the leading practitioners of modern, utilitarian architecture in Austria, wrote an essay titled Ornament and Crime in reaction to the perceived aristocratic opulence of the popular Art Nouveau, or… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Loos, Adolf — ► (1870 1933) Arquitecto austríaco. Centró su interés en la organización del espacio interior de los edificios. * * * (10 dic. 1870, Brno, Moravia, Austria Hungría–23 ago. 1933, Kalksburgo, cercano a Viena, Austria). Arquitecto austríaco. Estudió …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Loos — Loos, Adolf …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf Loos — Das Haus Steiner in Wien 13., St. Veit Gasse 10 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • LOOS (A.) — LOOS ADOLF (1870 1933) Si l’Autrichien Adolf Loos n’est pas toujours un architecte de premier plan, il est au moins l’un des rares (avec Le Corbusier) qui soit aussi un écrivain. Son écriture révèle, comme son architecture pourtant si rigoureuse …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Adolf Loos — Infobox Architect caption= name=Adolf Loos nationality= birth date=birth date|1870|12|10 birth place=Brno, Austria Hungary death date=death date and age|1933|08|23|1870|10|12 death place=Vienna, Austria practice name= significant buildings=… …   Wikipedia

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