or Lung-men cavesSeries of Chinese cave temples carved into the rock of a high riverbank south of Luoyang, in Henan province.Construction began late in the Northern Wei dynasty (AD 386–535) and continued sporadically through the 6th century and the Tang dynasty. Delicately crafted to create ethereal effects in stone, the temples contain images of the Buddha clothed as a Chinese scholar. Work at Longmen culminated in 672–675 with the construction of a monumental shrine known as Fengxian Si, which includes a seated Buddha more than 35 ft (10.7 m) high.
* * *▪ cave temples, ChinaWade-Giles romanization Lung-menseries of Chinese cave temples carved into the rock of a high river bank south of the city of Luoyang, in Henan province. The cave complex, designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000, is one of China's most popular tourist destinations.The temples were begun late in the Bei (Northern) Wei dynasty (386–534/535), in the Six Dynasties period. Following the transfer of the Bei Wei capital from Pingcheng (present-day Datong, Shanxi province) south to Luoyang in 495, a new series of cave temples was begun there. These were based on the precedent of an ambitious series of caves built in the preceding decades at Yungang (Yungang caves).The Bei Wei caves at Longmen (including the well-known Guyang and Binyang caves) are intimate in scale and display complex iconography that is elegantly crafted into hard stone. The Buddha (Buddhism) images—clothed in the costume of the Chinese scholar, with a sinuous cascade of drapery falling over a flattened figure—provide an example of what is known as the Longmen style, in contrast to the blockier Yungang style (see Northern Wei sculpture). Construction at the site continued sporadically throughout the 6th century and culminated in the Tang dynasty (618–907) with the construction of a cave shrine, known as Fengxian Si. This truly monumental temple was carved out over the three-year period between 672 and 675. The square plan measures about 100 feet (30 metres) on each side, and a colossal seated Buddha figure upon the back wall, flanked by attendant figures, is more than 56 feet (17 metres) high.
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Longmen Grottoes — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Longmen Grottoes State Party = Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii ID = 1003 Region = Asia Pacific Year = 2000 Session = 24th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1003The Longmen Grottoes (ch. 龍門石窟/ 龙门石窟,… … Wikipedia
Yungang caves — or Yün kang caves Series of magnificent Chinese Buddhist cave temples, created in the 5th century AD during the Northern Wei dynasty period. There are about 20 major cave temples and many smaller niches and caves, stretching for over half a mile … Universalium
Grottes de Longmen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Longmen (homonymie). Grottes de Longmen * … Wikipédia en Français
Mogao Caves — Mogao Caves * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country China … Wikipedia
china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium
cave — cavelike, adj. /kayv/, n., v., caved, caving. n. 1. a hollow in the earth, esp. one opening more or less horizontally into a hill, mountain, etc. 2. a storage cellar, esp. for wine. 3. Eng. Hist. a secession, or a group of seceders, from a… … Universalium
Luoyang — /lwaw yahng /, n. Pinyin. a city in N Henan province, in E China. 750,000. Also, Loyang. Formerly, Henan. * * * ▪ China Wade Giles romanization Lo yang , formerly Henanfu city, northwestern Henan sheng (province), east central China. It… … Universalium
Northern Wei sculpture — Chinese sculpture, dominated by simple images of the Buddha, dating from the era of the Northern Wei dynasty (AD 386–534/535). The art represents the first major influence of Buddhism on China, and may be divided into two major periods. The first … Universalium
Wei dynasty — ▪ Chinese history [386 534/535] Chinese in full (Pinyin) Bei Wei , or (Wade Giles romanization) Pei Wei , English Northern Wei , also called Tabgatch , or (Pinyin) Tuoba (AD 386–534/535), the longest lived and most powerful of the… … Universalium